Cases reported "Encephalomalacia"

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1/5. Cranio-cerebral erosion: delayed diagnosis and treatment.

    Cranio-cerebral erosion is a well-known complication of calvarian fracture with underlying dural tear and cerebral injury in infancy and early childhood. The anatomy, pathogenesis and natural evolution of these lesions remain obscure. The common clinical symptoms are seizures, focal neurological deficits, impairment of consciousness and a soft subgaleal mass. Three patients of cranio-cerebral erosion who underwent delayed surgery in their adult lives are presented to illustrate the common and uncommon features, and their long-term outcome is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
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2/5. Complex cranial base trauma resulting from recreational fireworks injury: case reports and review of the literature.

    Two patients who sustained complex skull base trauma secondary to recreational fireworks injuries are reported. Initial assessment and management included axial and coronal computerized tomography, control of hemorrhage, debridement of wound and brain, isolation of brain from external environment, and reconstruction of the cranial base floor. Secondary orbital and facial reconstruction used available bone fragments and iliac bone graft in one patient and vascularized free tissue transfer in the other. In both patients, reconstruction of both the intracranial and extracranial compartments was successful with acceptable cosmetic result. Modification of multiple conventional approaches, along with a multispecialty surgical team, was used to deal effectively with these unique cases.
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ranking = 0.92918382309455
keywords = skull
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3/5. Shunt surgery in growing skull fractures: report of two cases.

    Growing skull fractures indicate underlying brain damage which is an important aetiological factor in their development. Two cases of growing skull fractures managed successfully with shunt surgery are presented. In one, the growing skull fracture was associated with an underlying tense occipital porencephalic cyst and in the other with cystic encephalomalacia and hydrocephalus. Following shunt surgery, signs of raised intracranial pressure were relieved, improvement in neurological status was noted, regrowth of the bone edges was seen and major surgery including brain debridement was avoided. The role of shunt surgery in growing skull fractures in infants is discussed and relevant details highlighted.
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ranking = 4385.8096161183
keywords = skull fracture, fracture, skull
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4/5. Case report: child abuse--necklace calcification--a sign of strangulation.

    Strangulation has been postulated as one cause of cerebral hypoxia in child abuse. This report describes the finding of necklace calcification in an infant with rib fractures and a metaphyseal fracture and an admission of a shaking injury. The calcification is likely to represent fat necrosis as the result of strangulation.
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ranking = 2
keywords = fracture
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5/5. The natural history of late diagnosed or untreated growing skull fractures: report on two cases.

    Growing skull fractures (GSF) are rare complications of head trauma. Cases after childhood are extremely rare and demonstrate complicated pathological conditions which necessitate extensive treatment. We report on two rare cases of intracranial cysts related to growing skull fractures which are secondary to trauma sustained during childhood, and have been discovered in adolescence.
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ranking = 3757.6117991102
keywords = skull fracture, fracture, skull
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