Cases reported "Endocarditis, Bacterial"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/81. Bacillus popilliae endocarditis with prolonged complete heart block.

    Bacillus popilliae, a fastidious, aerobic, gram-positive, spore-forming bacillus, has never been reported as a pathogen in human infectious diseases. We report the first case of a human infected by the pathogen B. popilliae, which presented as endocarditis involving the bicuspid aortic valve and complicated with prolonged (> 30 days; to our knowledge, the longest in the literature) complete heart block. Although surgery may be warranted by previous reports, the patient was successfully managed by medical treatment instead, because of the absence of evidence from various approaches that support the existence of perivalvular extension of infection.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/81. Infective endocarditis and septic embolization with ochrobactrum anthropi: case report and review of literature.

    ochrobactrum anthropi, previously known as CDC group Vd, is an aerobic, Gram-negative bacillus of low virulence that occasionally causes human infection. We describe a case of infective endocarditis with O. anthropi complicated by septic embolization. A review of all the literature reported cases of O. anthropi infection is presented and categorized into 'Central line related', 'Transplant related' and "Other pyogenic infections". mortality appears to be related to the underlying disease state, rather than the organism.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/81. bacteremia and possible endocarditis caused by moraxella phenylpyruvica.

    moraxella phenylpyruvica, a gram-negative coccobacillus, is usually considered a nonpathogenic bacterium. Only a few cases of invasive disease caused by this organism were reported in the 1970s. We report a well-documented case of bacteremia and possible endocarditis due to M phenylpyruvica in a previously healthy man.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/81. stenotrophomonas maltophilia endocarditis of prosthetic aortic valve: report of a case and review of literature.

    stenotrophomonas maltophilia (previously known as xanthomonas maltophilia and pseudomonas maltophilia ) is an aerobic, nonfermenting, gram-negative bacillus, which has emerged as a serious nosocomial pathogen in patients with compromised immunity. It is a rare cause of endocarditis with only 20 cases previously reported in medical literature. The risk factors associated with S maltophilia endocarditis include intravenous drug abuse, dental treatment, previous cardiac surgery, and infected intravascular devices. S maltophilia is resistant to multiple antibiotics, which leads to frequent therapeutic failures. Although the optimal antibiotic treatment for S maltophilia endocarditis remains unknown, most of the patients received 2 or more antibiotics. We report a case of S maltophilia endocarditis of prosthetic aortic valve, associated with a painless aortic dissection, that responded well to a combination of ciprofloxacin and chloramphenicol. The literature is reviewed to elaborate the disease characteristics, the treatments used, and the prognosis of the S maltophilia endocarditis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/81. streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis in an hiv-positive patient.

    streptobacillus moniliformis is the causative agent of rat bite fever, with endocarditis being a rare but well-documented complication. We report the case of an hiv-positive man who acquired S. moniliformis endocarditis through a rat bite. No predisposing cardiac lesion was known. He was treated with ceftriaxone 2 g/day i.v. for 3 weeks, gentamicin 120 mg/day i.v. for 2 weeks and penicillin 24x10(6) units/day for 1 week. At the end of the antibiotic therapy he suffered a generalized candida albicans infection, which was treated with fluconazole for 1 week. He was subsequently discharged in a satisfactory condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/81. lactobacillus rhamnosus endocarditis complicating colonoscopy.

    We report the first case of endocarditis caused by Lactobacillus after an uneventful colonoscopy. The initial empiric treatment with the standard regimen of penicillin-aminoglycoside failed; subsequent treatment with a combination of antibiotics, selected according to the in vitro studies, was successful.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/81. endocarditis by lactobacillus rhamnosus due to yogurt ingestion?

    A young man who ate large quantities of probiotic yogurt developed endocarditis and septic arthritis caused by lactobacillus rhamnosus. The pathogenic isolate could not be distinguished from the yogurt microflora using methods routinely used in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Only by using more appropriate methodology, including PCR, the pathogen could be distinguished from the yogurt isolate.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/81. Lactobacillus endocarditis: a case report of outpatient management.

    A case of infective endocarditis due to Lactobacillus is presented. The diagnosis was established by positive blood cultures and transesophageal (but not transthoracic) echocardiography. The patient was cured with outpatient ceftriaxone therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/81. Two episodes of stenotrophomonas maltophilia endocarditis of prosthetic mitral valve: report of a case and review of the literature.

    stenotrophomonas maltophilia (previously named xanthomonas maltophilia) is an aerobic, non-fermentive, Gram-negative bacillus that is wide spread in the environment. It was considered to be an organism with limited pathogenic potential, which was rarely capable of causing diseases in human other than those who were in debilitated or immunocompromised state. More recent studies have established that stenotrophomonas maltophilia can behave as a true pathogen. endocarditis due to this organism is rare, and only 24 cases of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endocarditis have been reported in the medical literature. Most cases were associated with risk factors, including intravenous drug abuse, dental treatment, infected intravenous devices, and previous cardiac surgery. We present a case with two episodes of stenotrophomonas maltophilia endocarditis after mitral valve prosthesis implantation, which was treated with antibiotics initially, and a combination of antibiotics and surgery later. To our knowledge, this is the first case of repetitive endocarditis due to stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/81. Bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis associated with infective endocarditis: case report.

    Bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare condition initiated by infection by microbes in the bloodstream, such as those arising from a foci of infective endocarditis. We report a case and discuss the diagnostic aspects and the clinical outcome of a patient with characteristic findings of the disease. The patient was a 49 year old white male who had a metallic aortic valve implanted 7 months previously, and who presented to the hospital with 10 days of fever, cough and dyspnea, then diarrhea and mental confusion. On the second day of hospitalization, he experienced sudden loss of vision in both eyes. A Gram-positive coccobacillus was isolated from the bloodstream, he was treated with fluoroquinolone with disappearance of fever, decreased ocular inflammation, and improvement in his vision to light perception. He later underwent valve replacement surgery but died during the procedure. We review the occurrence of ocular signs and symptoms and their importance in patients with endocarditis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Endocarditis, Bacterial'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.