Cases reported "Endometriosis"

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1/16. Oral contraceptives: therapeutic uses and quality-of-life benefits--case presentations.

    Numerous studies have shown that oral contraceptives (OC) provide protection against a wide variety of illnesses and conditions, including loss of bone density, ovarian cysts, menstrual cycle irregularities, dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, benign breast disease, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer. How OC can be used not only for contraception but also to improve health among women throughout their reproductive years is illustrated by four case presentations: an adolescent with menstrual problems; a 25-year-old mulligravida who wishes to delay childbearing; a 35-year-old who has completed her family and requests tubal ligation; and a 45-year-old with perimenopausal symptoms. In view of their numerous health benefits, OC are to reproductive-age women as hormone replacement therapy is to menopausal women.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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2/16. Recovery of spermatogenesis and successful conception after bone marrow transplant for acute leukaemia: case report.

    A case is presented of a young adult male diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia who was treated with busulphan and cyclophosphamide, but not total body irradiation, with subsequent bone marrow transplantation. After surviving for 5 years, he and his wife experienced a period of infertility. Interestingly, the problem was found to be with the female partner and the man's sperm evaluation seemed normal. A successful pregnancy ensued following the surgical removal of a large endometrioma and treating a luteal phase deficiency. Though this may be the fifth case of proven parentage in cases of bone marrow conditioning and bone marrow transplantation in a male for control of leukaemia, we believe it is the first documented case showing a normal semen analysis despite treatment. Further studies are needed to see if chemical conditioning with busulphan and cyclophosphamide preserve the chances of sperm production better than total body irradiation.
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ranking = 7
keywords = bone
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3/16. A case of hemorrhagic cyst of the pancreas resembling the cystic endometriosis.

    A 47-year-old Japanese woman with a history of epigastric pain and a recent episode of acute pancreatitis (back pain, nausea, and vomiting) and anemia was found to have a pancreatic cyst of the tail on CT-scan and ultrasonography. Especially, ultrasonography revealed the papillary solid lesion in the cyst. With the tentative diagnosis of a cystic neoplasm, distal pancreatectomy was performed. Histological examination of sections showed massive hemorrhage, surrounded fibrous connective tissue, and numerous macrophages with hemosiderin deposits; these histological findings resembled cystic endometriosis. The clinicopathological features and pathogenesis of the pancreatic endometrial cyst are discussed.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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4/16. Xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis: a case report and review of the literature.

    A case of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis in a 47-year-old woman is presented. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon form of chronic inflammation that is destructive to affected organs; it is characterized by the presence of lipid-filled macrophages with admixed lymphocytes, plasma cells, and neutrophils. Only a few cases of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis have been reported to date. The case presented here is associated with escherichia coli infection, endometriosis, and an intrauterine device.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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5/16. Cytomorphological spectrum in scar endometriosis: a study of eight cases.

    OBJECTIVE: endometriosis due to ectopic endometrial tissue that responds to hormonal stimulation and is extremely rare in a surgical scar appearing in 0.1% of women who have undergone Caesarean section. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can be a valuable diagnostic aid in the evaluation of these subcutaneous abdominal masses. methods: We present the cytomorphological spectrum in eight cases of abdominal wall endometriosis diagnosed by FNAC over a 6-year period (June 1998-June 2004) in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital (kuwait). The patients ranged from 27 to 56 years of age. Seven had a prior Caesarean section and one had a hysterectomy for fibroid. They presented 3-8 years later with nodules in/near the abdominal scar. Five cases presented with a painful nodule, fluctuant with the menstrual cycle. RESULTS: Cytological findings comprised epithelial clusters and fusiform stromal cells with numerous haemosiderin-laden macrophages. Mild to moderate epithelial atypia was observed in three cases. A diagnosis of endometriosis was rendered in all the eight cases and tissue was available in four cases. CONCLUSIONS: Endometriotic nodules need to be differentiated from other benign/malignant masses and evaluated for possible malignant transformation. FNAC provides a safe and effective tool for diagnosis thereby obviating the need for other procedures.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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6/16. diagnosis of endometriosis by fine-needle aspiration cytology.

    endometriosis is a fairly common disease found in a variety of extrauterine locations. It primarily affects reproductive age women and has symptoms varying from occult to more specific complaints. Occasionally the lesions produce solid nodules and/or cysts that are clinically palpable and easily evaluated by fine needle aspiration (FNA). We describe three cases of endometriosis diagnosed by FNA. The patients ranged in age from 32 to 38 and reported cyclic symptoms of pain, bleeding, or change in mass size. Two patients presented with subcutaneous masses (one along the upper pubic ramus, the other in the lower abdomen) and had ultrasonically guided FNA. The third patient had a vaginal cuff mass sampled by transvaginal FNA. All cytologic smears contained characteristic sheets of epithelial cells and fragments of loosely arranged spindled stroma. One case also showed mild epithelial atypia and plump stromal cells. hemosiderin-laden macrophages were found in only one case. The cytologic diagnoses were confirmed by tissue in all patients. Endometriotic nodules must be evaluated for possible malignant transformation and differentiated from other benign and malignant masses, especially when clinical symptoms are vague. FNA offers a safe and effective tool for identification of endometriosis and obviates the need for diagnostic surgical procedures in some patients.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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7/16. Ovarian abscess arising within an endometrioma.

    Ovarian abscess is a rare gynecologic entity; only 120 cases have been reported in the world literature. In contrast to the more commonly encountered tubo-ovarian abscess, tubal involvement is absent in the ovarian abscess. This report describes a case of an ovarian abscess arising de novo within an endometrioma. The woman presented with a 20-cm pelvic-abdominal mass with paracaval adenopathy and bilateral ureteral obstruction. Treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics was unsuccessful. The surgical specimen revealed endometrial glands, stroma, hemosiderin-laden macrophages, and evidence of abscess formation.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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8/16. Sarcoid-like lesions associated with epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma.

    A woman with poorly differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the ovary had sarcoid-like lesions in the bone marrow. Sarcoid-like lesions may be misinterpreted as metastatic disease, resulting in inappropriate modification of therapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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9/16. Peritoneal endometriosis. Report of a case with cytologic, cytochemical and histopathologic study.

    The cytologic and histochemical data in a case of extensive peritoneal endometriosis are presented. The presence of macrophages heavily laden with blue and dark pigment (as demonstrated by May-Grunwald-Giemsa, Perls and Fontana stains) and scattered non-neoplastic endometrial cells in hemorrhagic ascitic fluid indicated a diagnosis of peritoneal endometriosis. Metabolized hemoglobin material was related to both recent and older hemorrhages.
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ranking = 1694.557225
keywords = macrophage
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10/16. Giant cell tumor of the ovary.

    A 31 year old woman with primary sterility was found, at operation, to have endometriosis of the fallopian tubes and a giant cell tumor of the ovary, histologically indistinguishable from giant cell tumor of bone. The tumor is considered to be primary and benign, with a follow-up period of 4 1/2 years and no signs of recurrence or malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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