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1/6. Citrobacter sepsis and severe newborn respiratory failure supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    An infant with fulminant Citrobacter sepsis and respiratory failure is presented. The severity of respiratory failure and the need for systemic heparinization on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation delayed the opportunity of initial lumbar puncture to rule out meningitis. The infant was successfully treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and long-term antibiotics. Repeated cranial computed tomography scans remained negative for intracerebral abscesses, and the infant is within normal limits for growth, neurologic status, and developmental status.
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2/6. morganella morganii causing fatal sepsis in a platelet recipient and also isolated from a donor's stool.

    Bacterial contamination of blood products causes significant patient morbidity and mortality. Contaminated platelet transfusion is a frequent cause of bacteraemia and sepsis because of the storage conditions of platelets. A fatal case of morganella morganii platelet transfusion associated with sepsis is described, along with procedures traced back to the isolation of M. morganii from a donor's stool. molecular typing was performed, and the same M. morganii strain was found in blood and post-mortem organ cultures of platelet recipient and platelet bag and in the donor's stool. The route of contamination is unknown. The contamination could be due to either insufficient venipuncture site disinfection or the donor's transient bacteraemia. Patient died 5 days after the transfusion.
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3/6. Infectious discitis caused by enterobacter cloacae.

    The case is reported of a patient who developed a vertebral osteomyelitis caused by enterobacter cloacae. The organism was isolated in cultures of blood and vertebral puncture biopsy samples. The patient was satisfactorily treated with trimethroprim and sulphamethoxazole. enterobacter cloacae, a Gram negative organism, has been confirmed as the cause of bacteremia in patients with burns, urinary infections, in adults with pneumonia, and in children with joint infections. Spondylodiscitis caused by enterobacter cloacae has not previously been described.
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4/6. Successful treatment of neonatal citrobacter freundii meningitis with ceftriaxone.

    Citrobacter meningitis is an uncommon enteric gram-negative infection that afflicts neonates and young children. Approximately 30 percent of children treated or untreated die from the infection. We report a case of C. freundii meningitis that was resistant to ampicillin and was successfully treated with ceftriaxone, a third-generation cephalosporin. A 13-day-old, full-term baby was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever up to 38.8 degrees C. On admission the infant had a temperature of 39.2 degrees C, pulse of 140 beats/min, and a respiratory rate of 32 breaths/min. Except for a slightly bulging fontanelle, the rest of the physical examination was within normal limits. Complete blood count revealed a white blood cell (WBC) count of 12.5 x 10(9)/L, with 0.66 polymorphonuclear cells, 0.10 bands, 0.18 lymphocytes, and 0.06 monocytes. A stat lumbar puncture showed 10 WBCs per high-power field with gram-negative rods. Empiric therapy with ampicillin 225 mg q12h and gentamicin 11 mg q8h was started. Both antibiotics were discontinued after culture and sensitivity results were positive for C. freundii in the blood and spinal fluid. The patient was successfully treated with nine days of ceftriaxone 250 mg q12h.
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5/6. serratia marcescens infected silk suture rejected by combined acupuncture, moxibustion and low-power laser therapy from the abdominal fascia.

    Upper abdominal pains lasting 12 years after cholecystectomy, were improved in an 82-year-old woman following the rejection of indigestable silk surgical sutures induced by combined therapy of acupuncture, moxibustion and low-power laser beam irradiation directed to an old post-cholecystectomy scar. An inflammatory reaction followed by granulation tissue mass was developed. Embedded in the granulation tissue were the above mentioned silk sutures which finally were expelled through the skin at the operation scar. A surgical procedure suggested to the patient, in case of acupuncture therapy failure, was obviously avoided. Serratia-marcescens infection of the expelled material was bacteriologically defined.
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6/6. Bifocal cervical spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter diversus.

    Spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter diversus is rare. An unusual case of bifocal cervical spondylodiscitis following transurethral prostatectomy is reported. C. diversus was detected by urinary cultures and locally by intervertebral disc puncture. Satisfactory recovery occurred after treatment with imipenem and amikacin, and then imipenem alone. Citrobacter infections are still rare in adults but are increasing in immunocompromised patients and sometimes occur in healthy subjects following surgery.
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