Cases reported "Epidural Neoplasms"

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1/3. Surgical decompression and radiation therapy in epidural metastasis from cervical cancer.

    spinal cord compression by epidural metastasis is considered an exceptional complication in patients with cervical carcinoma. We report three patients treated for a cervical carcinoma who developed epidural metastasis with spinal cord compression at 9, 25 and 48 months after primary treatment of the uterine malignancy. All patients had poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas with lymphovascular space invasion, and two had lymph node metastasis. All patients underwent emergency decompressive laminectomy followed by radiotherapy and a partial recovery of the neurological function was achieved. In two patients the spinal cord was the only site of recurrent disease, whereas the other had lung and brain metastasis at the time of epidural involvement diagnosis. All three patients, however, died of disseminated disease. Surgical decompression followed by radiation therapy may result in a complete preservation of the neurologic functions in patients with spinal cord compression secondary to metastatic carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Considering the propensity for disseminated disease, long term survival might be achieved only with the use of effective chemotherapy.
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2/3. Idiopathic and glucocorticoid-induced spinal epidural lipomatosis.

    Pathological overgrowth of the epidural fat in the spine has been described and reported nearly exclusively in patients either with Cushing's syndrome or on chronic intake of glucocorticoids for a variety of clinical disorders. The authors report four patients with documented spinal lipomatosis (three pathologically and one radiologically). Only one of these patients received corticosteroids, and none had an underlying endocrinological abnormality. All four patients were adult males with a mean age at onset of symptoms of 43 years (range from 18 to 60 years). The symptoms ranged from simple neurogenic claudication and radicular pain to frank myelopathy. myelography followed by computerized tomography were instrumental in the diagnosis of the first three patients; the fourth was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. The thoracic spine was involved in two cases and the lumbosacral area in the other two. The different treatment modalities were tailored according to the symptomatology of the patients. These included weight reduction of an overweight patient with minimal neurological findings in one case and decompressive laminectomy and fat debulking to achieve adequate cord decompression in the remaining three cases. Two patients improved significantly, the condition of one stabilized, and the fourth required a second decompression at other spinal levels. The various modalities of treatment and their potential complications are discussed.
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3/3. central nervous system involvement secondary to metastatic mixed mullerian tumor of the uterus.

    The central nervous system is traditionally considered an uncommon site for metastatic disease from female genital tract tumors. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman with malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the uterus, who developed spinal cord compression by epidural metastasis a few days after the diagnosis of the uterine malignancy. Emergency decompressive laminectomy was performed and a good recovery of the neurological function was achieved. In the following days, while submitted to extensive staging for the uterine malignancy, the patient complained of headache, confusion and visual disturbance. CT scan revealed multiple brain metastases. No other site of metastatic disease could be detected. The patient refused any further treatment and died 1 month later from progressive cerebral disease. attention should be paid to the possibility of unusual distant metastases associated to uterine sarcoma in order to treat these patients promptly.
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