Cases reported "Epiglottitis"

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1/130. Fulminant meningococcal supraglottitis: An emerging infectious syndrome?

    We report a case of fulminant supraglottitis with dramatic external cervical swelling due to associated cellulitis. blood cultures were positive for neisseria meningitidis. The patient recovered completely after emergency fiberoptic intubation and appropriate antibiotic therapy. We summarize five other cases of meningococcal supraglottitis, all reported since 1995, and discuss possible pathophysiologic mechanisms. ( info)

2/130. Radiological findings in acute adult epiglottitis.

    Acute epiglottitis is a rare but life-threatening disease that commonly occurs in children, and also rarely in adults. The symptoms may be mild and non-specific before a rapid onset of airway obstruction occurs. early diagnosis is essential, as delayed treatment is associated with a high rate of complications including death. We present the clinical and radiological findings of this unusual condition in an adult. ( info)

3/130. Acute epiglottitis despite vaccination with haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.

    We present the case of a 20-month-old child who required admission to the intensive care with a presumptive diagnosis of acute laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis, for the management of acute upper airway obstruction. This child had received a complete course of haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine. Subsequent events showed that the diagnosis was not laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis but acute epiglottitis. We propose that a full course of vaccination is no guarantee against a subsequent illness with Hib and may actually lead to the wrong diagnosis and possibly life-threatening consequences. ( info)

4/130. Viral supraglottitis in an adult: a case presentation and literature update.

    Viral epiglottitis (supraglottitis) is a rare entity but its presentation can mimic that of bacterial epiglottis. Regardless of the causative agent, supraglottitis is a serious disease mostly affecting children and rarely seen in adults. Early suspicion and proper evaluation are mandatory to prevent a life-threatening crisis. In both children and adults the infectious aetiology in supraglottitis is predominantly bacterial while viruses are rare, especially in adults. We describe a case of supraglottitis in an adult in which the symptoms were insidious and blood indices suggested a bacterial aetiology. However, laryngoscopic examination revealed an ulcer over the left aryepiglottic fold and serology was positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV) IgM. Because supraglottitis due to HSV is a rare entity with few reported cases in the literature, this case is presented to highlight the viral involvement in this disease and its management. ( info)

5/130. Post-varicella epiglottitis and necrotizing fasciitis.

    Varicella is a nearly ubiquitous acquired childhood disease. Infectious complications of varicella can be life- or limb-threatening. These complications appear 3 to 4 days after the appearance of varicella exanthem and are heralded by fever, pain, and erythema of the overlying skin. Airway complications of varicella are rare, rapidly evolving, and, unfortunately, difficult to visualize. We report a child who presented with a unique combination of varicella-induced airway complications-acute epiglottitis and subsequent necrotizing fasciitis of the head and neck. varicella, epiglottitis, necrotizing fasciitis, group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus, nasopharyngoscopy. ( info)

6/130. Acute epiglottitis as a cause of airway obstruction in an adult patient.

    epiglottitis in adults is a dangerous infectious disease with a rising incidence and potential fatal complications as illustrated in this case report. Like in children, skilled and aggressive airway protection with appropriate antibiotic therapy have been effective in reducing mortality. ( info)

7/130. Non-infectious epiglottitis in children: two cases report.

    Two young children who suffered from thermal injuries to the epiglottis after swallowing corrosive agent and hot water respectively. Findings, clinically and radiologically, in both children were similar to acute infectious epiglottitis. Both recovered quickly with close observation and parenteral antibiotics. Although haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is the major pathogen of epiglottitis, in areas with low incidence of Hib infection and high vaccination rates, non-infectious epiglottic swelling should be considered first. ( info)

8/130. Acute epiglottitis presenting as the sensation of a foreign body in the throat.

    A 49-year-old man presented with dysphagia and the sensation of a foreign body in the throat, after he had swallowed chicken meat that contained bones during the previous evening. There were no respiratory symptoms. A plain lateral soft-tissue X-ray of the neck and oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a grossly swollen epiglottis. His condition improved rapidly with intravenous antibiotic therapy. As acute epiglottitis may be a sudden life-threatening condition, a high index of suspicion should be maintained for patients who present with an obstructive sensation in the throat. ( info)

9/130. adult epiglottitis: an under-recognized, life-threatening condition.

    epiglottitis in the adult can be fatal and should be treated with the same degree of concern and suspicion in respect of airway patency as in children. We present three cases of adult epiglottitis in which the airway was lost prior to or during the intervention of an anaesthetist. We suggest that an emphasis on conservative management is distracting and belies the serious nature of this disease. ( info)

10/130. Acute epiglottitis: a presentation of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.

    The incidence of acute epiglottitis in children has declined with the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae b vaccine in 1992. We report a case of acute epiglottitis in a child secondary to an immunocompromised state. We suggest that when acute epiglottitis is diagnosed in a child we should ensure there is no underlying predisposing condition. ( info)
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