Cases reported "Epilepsy, Reflex"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/18. Nonconvulsive status epilepticus in eyelid myoclonia with absences--evidence of provocation unrelated to photosensitivity.

    A 10-year old girl with eyelid myoclonia with absences (EMA) in whom nonconvulsive status epilepticus developed shortly after awakening is described. A video-polygraphic recording during the status showed the characteristic eye-closure provocation of eyelid myoclonia with upward deviation of the eyeballs and brief absences. Ictal EEG showed generalized polyspikes concomitant with eyelid myoclonia, while absences were accompanied by 3.5 Hz polyspike-wave complexes on EEG. This condition occurred even in total darkness as well as even after seizures precipitated by bright sunlight had been eliminated by medication. The present case suggests that the eye closure mechanism could be a more potent precipitating factor than photosensitivity in the pathophysiology of EMA.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/18. Postoperative seizure outcome after corpus callosotomy in reflex epilepsy.

    Flickering light and color patterns, reading, language, movement, decision making, eating, tapping and touching, hot water immersion and auditory stimulation can induce seizures in some epileptic patients. These are known as the "reflex epilepsies". The mechanism of reflex epilepsy is not clear. Recently, we performed anterior two-thirds corpus callosotomies in two reflex epilepsy patients (ages 12 and 14 years), with follow-up for more than three years. Patient 1 had Lennox-Gastaut syndrome with auditory-induced generalized atonic or tonic seizures (startle epilepsy), which decreased by 60% after callosotomy. Patient 2 had Lennox-Gastaut syndrome with somatosensory-induced generalized tonic seizures (tap epilepsy). He was seizure-free for one year immediately after callosotomy, but his seizures recurred with the same degree and frequency as before surgery. The nonsignificant postoperative seizure outcome suggests that the corpus callosum only plays a partial role in seizure generation. Our report also discusses the possible mechanisms of generation of reflex seizures.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13007741162957
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/18. reading epilepsy in a patient with previous idiopathic focal epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes.

    RATIONALE: reading epilepsy (RE) is a form of reflex epilepsy currently classified as an idiopathic localization-related epilepsy (ILAE, 1989). methods: We describe a 30 year-old right-handed male who suffered since the age of 8 from nocturnal partial motor seizures. Clinical features were typical of BECT. We reviewed the EEG recorded at that time which showed centrotemporal spike and waves. He was seizure-free from the age of 12 to the age of 17 when seizures evoked only by reading appeared. No other stimuli provoked seizures. Neurological and neuroradiological (CT and MR) investigations were normal. Baseline video-polygraphic EEG recordings were normal while reading aloud provoked myoclonic jerks in the facial muscles related to bilateral spike and wave discharges. Therapy with carbamazepine and valproic acid strongly reduced seizure frequency. CONCLUSION: Recent papers have debated the difficulties in classifying RE among the generalized or focal syndromes. literature reports describe an association with RE and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, supporting the hypothesis of an idiopathic generalized form. We report the first documented case with a clear-cut idiopathic localization-related epilepsy evolving to a primary reading epilepsy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.1300774116296
keywords = wave, frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/18. Longterm follow-up of electroencephalographic and clinical findings of a case with Gaucher's disease type 3a.

    Among three recognised clinical phenotypes, type 3a Gaucher's disease is characterised by mild to severe systemic disease, neurological manifestations and myoclonic seizures. We report the long term clinical and electrophysiological follow-up of a 27-year old man with a diagnosis of type 3a Gaucher's disease, which was confirmed by bone marrow biopsy examination and leukocyte glucocerebrosidase level measurement. His neurological examination was normal throughout the follow-up period. EEG examination, recorded five days after the first seizure, revealed generalised nonrhythmic paroxysmal rapid spikes with occipital predominance increased by photic stimulation and normal background activity. The frequency of seizures increased from 3-4/year to 1-2/month within a follow-up period of 12 years and a repeat EEG examination on the eight year of diagnosis revealed additional background slowing. A giant potential was obtained in somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) examination. EEG findings of this case demonstrate a specific pattern with rapid spike activity, photosensitivity, eye closure sensitivity and gradual background slowing.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13007741162957
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/18. Surgical treatment of hypothalamic hamartoma and refractory seizures: a case report and review of the literature.

    Refractory gelastic seizures are often associated with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH). Presurgical evaluation in such children often points to a distinct cortical region as the source of the seizures. A case of a child with HH and refractory seizures is presented. Video-EEG monitoring revealed a well-defined epileptic focus in the left frontal region. In accordance with the current understanding of the nature of hamartoma-related seizures, the hamartoma was resected. Follow-up evaluations revealed a marked improvement in seizure frequency and global functioning.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13007741162957
keywords = frequency
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/18. Musicogenic epilepsy with ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT): could these cases contribute to our knowledge of music processing?

    Musicogenic epilepsy has a strong correlation with the temporal lobe with a right-sided preponderance. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman whose seizures began at the age of 32 years. Her prenatal, natal and childhood histories were unremarkable and her family history was negative for epilepsy. She had typical complex partial seizures with chewing automatisms. Cranial computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and interictal SPECT showed no abnormality. Interictal EEG showed paroxysmal bitemporal sharp wave discharges predominant on the right side. Ictal EEG showed a combination of high voltage sharp and slow sharp waves and spikes that originated from the right temporal leads and then became generalized. Ictal activity on EEG started 4-5 min after the music stimulus. For the ictal SPECT study, i.v. injection of 20 mCi of HMPAO was administered approximately 30 s after the ictal activity started. Ictal SPECT demonstrated a right anterior and mesial temporal hyperperfusion. These results seem to support the dominant role of the right temporal lobe and the possible relation of mesial temporal structures to the affective content of music in musicogenic epilepsy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/18. Symptomatic epilepsy with facial myoclonus triggered by language.

    We report on a patient with a left frontal lesion who, many years after an injury, developed non-fluent aphasia and facial myoclonic jerks triggered by speaking and listening to spoken language. At age 57, the patient first noted that he would begin to stutter when delivering lectures at conferences. The stuttering would worsen if he continued talking. The video-polygraphic EEG recording shows brief paroxysms of spikes and polyspikes, followed by a slow wave, more evident in the left fronto-temporal region. The myoclonic jerks originating from the submental area correlate with EEG abnormalities. Clinically, these jerks determined a form of stuttering. The triggering factors were reading, speaking and listening to spoken language. This case had several characteristic features: facial myoclonus was the only seizure type experienced by the patient; the seizures and language impairment had a very late onset--about 50 years after the traumatic event that produced a dramatic lesion in the left fronto-polar region. (Published with videosequences.)
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/18. reflex seizures induced by defecation, with an ictal EEG focus in the left frontotemporal region.

    We report a 9-year-old boy with seizures induced by defecation. The episodes occurred 1-2 min after passing a bowel action and consisted of initial staring, gagging, and drooling followed by a secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The interictal EEGs were normal, but an ictal EEG with concurrent video monitoring demonstrated a polyspike wave discharge in the left frontotemporal region. There was no evidence of syncope, and the seizures did not occur while straining to empty his bowels or immediately on standing afterward. His magnetic resonance imaging scan was normal. This is the first reported case in which ictal EEG monitoring has demonstrated reflex seizures induced by defecation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/18. eating epilepsy characterized by periodic spasms.

    seizures induced by eating are generally considered rare. eating epilepsy is a kind of reflex epilepsy. We report two patients aged 11 and 16, with seizures provoked by eating. The eating-provoked seizures in both patients were a series of tonic spasms. Both ictal EEGs showed a periodic pattern characterized by diffuse high voltage slow wave. These findings were consistent with periodic spasms described by Gobbi et al. The ECD were widely distributed in both patients, although that of Patient 1 was partially clustered in the right frontal region. This is the first report of patients with periodic spasms induced by eating.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/18. reflex myoclonic epilepsy in infancy: a benign age-dependent idiopathic startle epilepsy.

    reflex myoclonic epilepsy of infancy is an idiopathic epileptic disorder characterized by myoclonic attacks, with onset in the first 2 years of life precipitated exclusively by unexpected tactile or auditory stimuli. We report on a 9 month-old infant with myoclonic attacks, which consisted of frequent clusters of up to 10 symmetric jerks affecting mainly the arms and the head occurring as reflex responses to unexpected auditory stimuli. There was no family history of epilepsy or febrile convulsions. Ictal EEG demonstrated a typical 3 Hz spike-wave pattern, while there were no abnormalities, either in wakefulness or during sleep. The neurodevelopmental examination was unremarkable and MRI of the brain was normal. The attacks disappeared 3 weeks after initiating sodium valproate, and have not reappeared since then (follow-up 3 years and 3 months); today, at 4 years of age, the patient has normal psycho-motor development. RMEI should be considered as an age-dependent, idiopathic, generalized epileptic syndrome with an apparently good prognosis[Published with video sequences].
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = wave
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Epilepsy, Reflex'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.