Cases reported "Erythema"

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1/151. "Centripetal flagellate erythema": a cutaneous manifestation associated with dermatomyositis.

    We describe 3 patients with dermatomyositis who presented with flagellate erythema. This cutaneous eruption is characterized by erythematous linear lesions on the trunk and proximal extremities. Histologic examination of this eruption in one of our cases revealed an interface dermatitis. review of the literature and records of 183 patients with connective tissue diseases from our institution has shown that this peculiar eruption has been reported only in dermatomyositis. Because of the location of this eruption, we encourage the use of the term "centripetal flagellate erythema" to distinguish this entity from other linear eruptions seen in patients with connective tissue diseases.
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2/151. Atypical erythema toxicum neonatorum of delayed onset in a term infant.

    We describe a 10-day-old term infant who presented to the emergency room with an acute pustular eruption. Laboratory tests and clinical outcome confirmed the diagnosis of erythema toxicum neonatorum. A full septic workup was performed and all cultures were negative. Wright-stained smear of pustular contents showed a predominance of neutrophils with 10% eosinophils. The white blood cell count was 19,000/mm3 with 10% eosinophils. The eruption resolved spontaneously at 15 days of age leaving no sequelae. This is the first fully documented case of erythema toxicum in a term infant occurring as late as 10 days of age. When erythema toxicum presents in an atypical fashion, diagnostic tests are important to exclude other causes of pustular dermatoses of the neonate.
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3/151. Urticarial eruption associated with rheumatic fever in a child.

    The classic description of erythema marginatum is of a few asymptomatic erythematous patches or plaques with a characteristic central clearing which may coalesce and develop a polycyclic configuration. We report a boy with a urticarial eruption without the classic lesions of erythema marginatum in whom the diagnosis of rheumatic fever was subsequently made. histology of the urticarial lesions revealed a mixed, superficial, perivascular infiltrate with prominent eosinophils. rheumatic fever should be considered in children with fever and urticaria-like eruptions even in the absence of the classically described erythema marginatum.
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4/151. Polymorphic light eruption limited to areas of vitiligo.

    Two patients are described with clinical and histological features of polymorphic light eruption (PLE) limited to areas of vitiliginous skin. This phenomenon has not been reported previously and provides evidence for the protective role of melanin in PLE.
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5/151. Bacterial interdigital scaly erythema (Kitamura): a possible new clinical entity.

    Four patients with scaly erythema on their finger webs and sides of their fingers during summer are described. These patients were working in either butcher's shops or a sushi bar, where they handled raw meat, chicken or fish for many hours. The eruptions first appeared as scaly erythema, sometimes accompanied by small pustules, on the second, third and fourth finger webs, and later the erythema extended to the sides of the fingers and palms. Maceration and/or shallow erosion sometimes appeared on the finger webs. Symptoms were usually mild; the patients complained of slight itching, irritation or pain. Direct examination of specimens stained with Parker blue-black ink containing KOH revealed scales containing bacterial granules or filaments. Several species of bacteria were cultured including corynebacterium sp. Fungus was not detected in either KOH specimens or in cultures. The lesions responded rapidly to topical or oral antibiotics; however, they recurred frequently during hot and humid weather. Hitherto a similar condition has not been described and is possibly a new clinical entity. copyright (R) 2000 S.Karger AG, Basel
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6/151. erythema gyratum repens-like psoriasis.

    A 28-year-old man was admitted to our department for investigation in 1992. He presented with a red, scaly, centrifugally spreading eruption, which had appeared in 1990, beginning on the neck and thorax, and later extending to the trunk and limbs. The cutaneous lesions, located mainly on the trunk and proximal upper limbs, were arranged in rings, with a slightly raised prominent scaling edge (Fig. 1a). The characteristic feature was the presence of rings or waves within already existing rings, whereas the central part was flattened, with the texture of normal skin. The concentric figurate lesions resembled a wood grain pattern (Fig. 1b). The clinical picture was strikingly similar to tinea imbricata; there was, however, no itching, and repeated mycologic studies did not disclose trichophyton concentricum. The histology was not characteristic. The epidermis, which was slightly edematous, was covered with a heavy crust. In the dermis, a sparse inflammatory infiltrate, somewhat more pronounced in the subpapillary areas, was composed of lymphocytes with some eosinophils. periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and other stains for mycotic infection were negative. The general condition was not affected and laboratory studies did not show any abnormalities, except for low serum protein (5.1 g/L) and decreased gamma globulins (10.5%). Cell-mediated immunity was preserved. Immunofluorescence studies (direct and indirect) were negative. In spite of repeatedly negative mycotic examinations and due to the striking similarity to tinea imbricata, we applied various antimycotic therapies (terbinafine, itraconazole), with no effect. The figurate pattern, with normal skin in between, altered from day to day, while new concentric rings appeared within the cleared skin. The migrating rate was about 2-3 cm per 2 weeks. The patient had undergone a thorough search for internal malignancy. During the follow-up period of 1992-98, cutaneous involvement slowly became almost generalized (1996), and the confluent lesions formed large plaques, but still with pronounced concentric rings. Transitional blood eosinophilia (27% in 1993 and 11% in 1996) regressed with no therapy. Since 1995, antibodies to HBs and HBc have been present with no clinical symptoms of liver disease. The blood proteins increased to 7.0 g/L, and gamma globulins to 17.2% (normal). The histology, studied repeatedly, started to display some signs of psoriasis from 1996 and, in 1998, was already consistent with the disease (Fig. 2). RE-PUVA (0.8 mg/kg acitretin and UVA 0.8 J/cm2 ) was applied for 2 weeks before the patient interrupted the therapy. In spite of this, there was further improvement and, in 1999, the patient was almost free of lesions with some abortive rings left. From time to time, single vesicles appeared within the elevated borders of the rings. The histology of such vesicles was consistent with abortive pustular psoriasis (Fig. 3).
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7/151. erythema gyratum repens.

    BACKGROUND: erythema gyratum repens is a rare, clinically specific, and distinctive paraneoplastic syndrome. It is associated with internal malignancy in 82% of patients. OBJECTIVE: A 58-year-old man with erythema gyratum repens is described. On diagnosis of his eruption, a malignancy work-up revealed a 9-mm pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Removal of the carcinoma resulted in clearing of the erythema. RESULTS: erythema gyratum repens is most commonly associated with bronchial, esophageal, and breast cancer. It has also rarely been reported in patients without evidence of malignancy. The histopathologic findings are nonspecific. Direct immunofluorescence has sometimes revealed C3, C4, or immunoglobulin g at the basement membrane zone. CONCLUSION: The etiology of erythema gyratum repens is unknown, although an immune response is postulated. Treatment involves treating the underlying malignancy.
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8/151. Flexural erythematous eruption following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: a study of four cases.

    Autologous bone marrow transplantation and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT) are alternative therapeutic options in the treatment of various malignancies. We describe four patients undergoing APBSCT for malignancies; they developed a cutaneous eruption characterized by confluent erythematous and hyperpigmented patches within the flexural areas during the first month after transplantation. The lesions were poorly circumscribed without epidermal changes such as scaling, xerosis, erosions or atrophy. The skin patches were treated with topical corticosteroids and resolved within a few days with discoloration. Histopathological findings were characterized by focal vacuolar degeneration of the basal layer with epidermal dysmaturation. We believe that these cutaneous eruptions are consistent with an interplay of high-dose chemotherapy and local factors such as friction, local skin temperature and eccrine gland distribution, which could explain the constant location of this eruption in the axillae and genital area.
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9/151. erythema gyratum repens and acquired ichthyosis associated with transitional cell carcinoma of the kidney.

    Both erythema gyratum repens (EGR) and acquired ichthyosis are distinctive dermatoses which have strong associations with internal malignancy. EGR usually precedes the diagnosis of malignancy whereas acquired ichthyosis commonly manifests after the detection of malignancy. We report a patient who initially presented with a figurate eruption of EGR which later developed into a widespread ichthyosis with disappearance of the serpiginous rash. Further investigations revealed an underlying transitional cell carcinoma of the kidney, an association which has not previously been reported with either EGR or acquired ichthyosis. The occurrence of two paraneoplastic skin disorders in the same patient may be explained by tumour cell secretion of transforming growth factor alpha, which has been shown to be mitogenic for keratinocytes.
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10/151. erythema gyratum atrophicans transiens neonatale.

    An unknown dermatosis was observed in an infant girl. During the newborn period, she had a generalized, patchy, erythematous eruption of about 60 round erythematous patches on the trunk, thighs, head, labial mucosa, and palate. After a few weeks, the lesions became whitish, atrophic, and depressed, and they were surrounded by an erythematous and slightly infiltrated border, which was occasionally lobulated. Histologically, the lesions demonstrated a thin epidermis overlying an edematous dermis. Around the border of the lesions the collagen bundles were infiltrated with mononuclear cells. Granular deposits of IgG, C'3, and C'4 were found at the dermoepidermal junction and around the superficial capillaries. The lesions healed completely and spontaneously within a year.
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