Cases reported "erythema nodosum"

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1/199. erythema nodosum secondary to meningococcal septicaemia.

    We report a case of erythema nodosum (EN) secondary to neisseria meningitidis infection in a 77-year-old woman. histology of two biopsy specimens from two different lesions showed characteristic features of EN. Blood culture showed neisseria meningitidis group C. ( info)

2/199. erythema nodosum of dental origin.

    This paper describes the case of a patient who had erythema nodosum which disappeared following teeth extraction. ( info)

3/199. erythema nodosum after smoke inhalation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia.

    bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and erythema nodosum are immunologic diseases that have not been reported to occur together. We report the case of a lady who developed bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and erythema nodosum simultaneously, several weeks after smoke inhalation in a house fire. ( info)

4/199. sarcoidosis presenting in infancy: a rare occurrence.

    sarcoidosis is infrequent in children. Clinical features of sarcoidosis occurring in children 8-15 years old include pulmonary, lymphnodes and ocular involvement. The picture is similar to that of adult-sarcoidosis. sarcoidosis in infants, however, is rare and it differs from the adult disease. sarcoidosis occurring in infancy has features clinically similar to that of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The case presented here is that of an infant who developed sarcoidosis at the age of 3 months. Her illness had all the features of a multisystem illness except for the hilar or parenchymal lung involvement. Because of the complicated and unusual illness the diagnosis of sarcoidosis was not established till the child was five years old. She received corticosteroids and immunosuppressive treatment in varying doses for a long time. Now at the age of 18, the patient's disease seems to have undergone a complete remission. ( info)

5/199. Achilles tendinitis as the presentation form of Lofgren's syndrome.

    Lofgren's syndrome is characterised by bilateral hilar adenopathy arthritis and erythema nodosum. Achilles tendinitis as the presentation form of Lofgren's syndrome is very unusual. Herein we present a case of bilateral achilles tendinitis as the presentation form of Lofgren's syndrome. ( info)

6/199. Lymphocytic hypophysitis. Case report.

    Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a very unusual disease typically observed in the peripartum period but found also in non-pregnant women or in men. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman with a five-year history of erithema nodosus for which was treated with variable doses of steroids. One year before admission the patient began to complain of headache, amenorrhea and rapidly progressive hypopituitarism. magnetic resonance imaging showed an expanding sellar mass with homogeneous contrast enhancement while lacking the hyperintense signal of posterior lobe. The MRI findings and the history of autoimmune disease raised the suspicion of hypophysitis. The growth of the lesion and its unresponsiveness to the prolonged steroid therapy made surgery, which is both diagnostic and therapeutic, mandatory. The pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of this unusual clinical condition are discussed. ( info)

7/199. A case of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma mimicking erythema nodosum: the importance of multiple skin biopsies.

    BACKGROUND: Intravascular lymphoma is a rare disease characterized by the proliferation of neoplastic monuclear cells within the lumens of small blood vessels. The neoplastic cells are usually of B-cell origin, and rarely of T-cell or histiocytic origin. Although this clinicopathological entity of lymphoma has not been listed in general pathological classifications such as REAL classification or the Working Formulation, it is recently in the WHO classification scheme, which is essentially an updated REAL scheme, and the EORTC classification scheme. methods: In this report, a 62-year-old woman with intravascular large B-cell lymphoma was observed by clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular methods. RESULTS: A 62-year-old woman presented with large erythematous macules on the bilateral thighs and lower legs. The lesions were accompanied with hard, tender, intradermal or subcutaneous nodules mimicking erythema nodosum. Histopathological examination in the first biopsy revealed non-specific panniculitis compatible with erythema nodosum. The second biopsy revealed emboli of atypical lymphocytes within many of the dilated and proliferated vessels in the deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue. These cells were positive for L-26 and kappa light chain, and negative for lambda light chain, factor viii-related antigen, CD30, CD34, CD68 and UCHL-1. These findings confirmed the diagnosis of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma. A laboratory examination showed a high level of LDH and abnormal cells in the bone marrow. An MRI of the brain and computed tomographic (CT) scans of the chest and abdomen revealed no evidence of malignancy. Before the treatment, the size of the nodules decreased spontaneously by about 50% in one month and significantly in two months. Although combination chemotherapy, which consisted of CHOP, brought her partial remission, she experienced neurological symptoms 6 months after the initial treatment and died of brain metastasis 9 months after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This is a unique case for two following reasons: 1) the first biopsy revealed non-specific findings compatible with erythema nodosum; and 2) before the treatment, the nodules regressed spontaneously. Dermatologists should take multiple skin biopsies for EN lesions with the non-specific histopathological findings not to refute the existence of this disease. ( info)

8/199. erythema nodosum associated with antiphospholipid antibodies: a report of three cases.

    erythema nodosum is a dermatologic condition characterized by painful, erythematous nodules on the anterior surfaces of the lower extremities. Its association with a variety of conditions has been previously described. We present three cases of erythema nodosum in patients with elevated anticardiolipin antibodies. In one patient, a temporal relationship was seen in the simultaneous detection of antibodies and skin lesions. We propose an association between erythema nodosum and the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). ( info)

9/199. Epithelioid granuloma in the iris of a lepromatous leprosy patient; an unusual finding.

    This case report depicts a case of histopathologically confirmed polar lepromatous (LL) leprosy with a bacterial index of 4 . He experienced recurrent episodes of erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) in the first 5 years after diagnosis. skin smears became negative after 6 years of dapsone monotherapy and have remained negative since that time. At 23 years after diagnosis, the patient had developed cataracts and underwent intracapsular cataract extractions with broad-based iridectomies. In one of the iris specimens, histopathologic examination revealed a focal granuloma composed of epithelioid cells. Subsequently a lepromin skin test showed a positive Mitsuda reaction with a borderline tuberculoid histopathology. This clearly illustrates the immunological upgrading of a polar lepromatous patient, perceived first in the iris tissue. ( info)

10/199. Concurrence of sarcoidosis and aortitis: case report and review of the literature.

    takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare manifestation of systemic large vessel vasculitis which affects predominantly the aorta and its main branches, but often remains unrecognised owing to delayed diagnosis and non-characteristic clinical features. sarcoidosis, too, is a systemic inflammatory disease which can affect virtually any organ system. Reports about the coincidence of both diseases have appeared. The case presented here is characterised by a significant time lag between detection of TA and appearance of clinical signs of sarcoidosis. The woman, now 39 years old, had erythema nodosum, circumscript alopecia, and recurrent uveitis, which dated back to 1980 and was attributed to sarcoidosis. At least 12 years later aortic valve insufficiency with progressive cardiac failure developed. histology performed at the time of aortic valve prosthesis in 1997 disclosed a diagnosis of TA, which was confined to the aortic root. Incidentally, sarcoidosis was diagnosed in adjacent lymph nodes. A thorough check up failed to detect further manifestations of TA; thus, possibly, the patients had aortitis similar to, but not identical with, TA.Several related cases previously reported are discussed, suggesting that both diseases may be inherently related as they are characterised by certain non-specific, immunoinflammatory abnormalities. This case report suggests that the prevalence of TA, or related forms of arteritis, may be higher than expected and should be considered, especially in younger patients with non-characteristic cardiovascular symptoms and suspected systemic inflammatory disease. Moreover, the association with sarcoidosis in this and other previously described cases suggests that the two diseases may be related and that TA or TA-like vasculitis may even be a complication of sarcoidosis. ( info)
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