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11/172. Perinephric abscess presenting as chronic diarrhea.

    Perinephric abscess is an uncommon diagnosis with a variable presentation and high mortality. We report an unusual case of a patient with a perinephric abscess who presented with chronic diarrhea and weight loss.
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12/172. Spontaneously infected cephalohematoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Spontaneously infected cephalohematomas are rare occurrences; only five cases have been reported previously. Uninfected cephalohematomas are common and usually resolve without treatment. However, physicians should be aware that cephalohematomas are potential sites for infection and may require aspiration for diagnosis and treatment. Untreated infected cephalohematomas may lead to osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, or subdural empyema. We present a case of a spontaneously infected cephalohematoma with an associated osteomyelitis which was successfully managed with drainage and long-term antibiotics. A review of the literature is also presented.
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13/172. Hepatic abscess formation and unexpected death: a delayed complication of occult intraabdominal foreign body.

    A case of unexpected death in a 65-year-old woman, caused by a migrating foreign body that resulted in multifocal hepatic abscesses, is reported. The foreign body was subsequently identified as a portion of chicken fibula. The prolonged time course of the illness, with relatively nonspecific symptoms and signs, resulted in establishment of the diagnosis only at autopsy.
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14/172. Massive hemoptysis from a lung abscess due to retained gallstones.

    This case report describes a subhepatic abscess from spilled gallstones which eroded through the diaphragm causing a right lower lobe pulmonary abscess and presenting as massive hemoptysis.
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15/172. Behcet's disease complicated by pylephlebitis and hepatic abscesses.

    A 22 year old man presented with fever, abdominal pain, weight loss and diarrhea. Past medical history revealed recurrent aseptic meningitis, uveitis, and erythema nodosum. Further inquiry unveiled a prominent history of oral aphthous ulcers; all features of Behcet's disease. Imaging revealed mesenteric arteritis and pylephlebitis, septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein, a previously unrecognized complication of Behcet's disease, with multiple intrahepatic abscesses. Portal venography demonstrated an extensively diseased, expanded, and obstructed portal venous system. blood cultures and portal vein aspirate yielded polymicrobial flora. Percutaneous intraportal thrombolytic therapy and mechanical thrombectomy were attempted to restore flow to the portal venous system. This distinctly rare manifestation of Behcet's disease, pylephlebitis, may result from ischemic injury and structural compromise of the bowel mucosa, resulting from underlying vasculitis.
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16/172. Ruptured splenic abscess presenting as pneumoperitoneum.

    Spontaneous pneumoperitoneum follows perforation of hollow viscus; rarely, it may arise from pulmonary interstitial emphysema or intestinal inflammatory disease. We report a 30-year-old man with ruptured splenic abscess who presented with acute abdomen and had pneumoperitoneum. He was treated with splenectomy and is asymptomatic 2 months later.
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17/172. psoas abscess associated with infected total hip arthroplasty.

    A 65-year-old man with a left uncemented total hip arthroplasty performed 11 years previously was admitted with a history of progressive low back pain, left hip pain, and sepsis that had begun 6 months earlier. On physical examination, a gross, fluctuant mass was palpated in the left thigh. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 6.5 x 3 cm left retrofascial psoas abscess communicating with the hip joint. The patient underwent irrigation and debridement of the hip with removal of the components. The psoas abscess was drained through the iliopsoas bursa. A residual psoas abscess was drained percutaneously under CT guidance. Cultures isolated escherichia coli, and the patient responded to 6 months of ciprofloxacin therapy. After 1 year, the patient had no evidence of infection. Pathways of infection spread, diagnosis, and treatment of a patient with this rare association are discussed with a review of the literature.
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18/172. Successful iterative drainage and partial hepatectomy for pyogenic liver abscess in a hiv seropositive patient.

    The case of cryptogenic escherichia coli pyogenic liver abscess in a 59-year-old Human Immunodeficiency Virus (hiv) seropositive man is reported. The initial treatment was a percutaneous drainage. As the abscess did not reduce in size, surgical drainage was planned but during surgery a necrosectomy had to be performed resulting in a partial hepatectomy. After nine months of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid treatment, drainage and highly active antiretroviral therapy, the patient recovered completely. It is expected that because of highly active antiretroviral therapy, mortality rates of surgical interventions in patients with hiv infection will decrease. Because of the increased life expectancy in persons with hiv infection, the criteria for considering surgical interventions in these patients should be broadened.
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19/172. Diabetes and infarcted papillary thyroid cancer.

    A young black Jordanian lady who has type one diabetes, chronic diabetic complication and ischemic heart disease, presented with a picture of diabetic keto-acidosis, precipitated by an acute neck swelling. This was suggestive of acute suppurative thyroiditis with abscess formation causing compressive symptoms. This unfortunate patient had an eventful course despite aggressive treatment by antibiotics and surgery and then succumbed of an acute cardiac event. The operative tissue biopsy revealed an abscess in an infarcted papillary thyroid cancer. We believe this is a rare presentation of such an association with a fatal outcome.
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20/172. abdominal wall sinus due to impacting gallstone during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an unusual complication.

    During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, perforation of the gallbladder can occurs in < or = 20% of cases, while gallstone spillage occurs in < or = 6% of cases. In most cases, there are no consequences. gallstones can be lost in the abdominal wall as well as the abdomen during extraction of the gallbladder. The fate of such lost gallstones, which can lead to the formation of an abscess, an abdominal wall mass, or a persistent sinus, has not been studied adequately. Herein we report the case of a persistent sinus of the abdominal wall after an emergent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an 82-year-old woman with gangrenous cholecystitis and perforation of the friable wall in association with an empyema of the gallbladder. The culture of the obtained pus was positive for Escherichia coli. After a small leak of dirty fluid from the wound of the epigastric port site of 4 months' duration, surgical exploration under local anesthesia revealed that the sinus was caused by spilled gallstones impacting into the abdominal wall between the posterior sheath and left rectus abdominalis muscle. The removal of the stones resulted in complete healing. Long-term complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy involving the abdominal wall are rare but important possible consequences that could be avoided.
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