Cases reported "Esophageal Cyst"

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1/31. Successful thoracoscopic surgical treatment of oesophageal cyst.

    The authors report a video-thoracoscopically successfully treated case of oesophageal cyst. The symptomatic lesion was diagnosed by swallowing, X-ray, oesophagoscopy, chest CT scan and endoscopic ultrasonography. The benign tumour was removed by a videothoracoscopic method using selective intubation. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications. The patient was discharged on the fifth postoperative day. The videothoracoscopic technique is safe, involves little pain and permits a rapid return to normal activity. It is a preferred method for removing benign lesions of the oesophagus.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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2/31. A case of isolated esophageal cyst in the posterior mediastinum.

    We report a rare case of posterior mediastinal esophageal cyst associated with pulmonary anomaly that had no connection with the proper esophagus, on either CT or MRI, and suggest including this entity in the differential diagnosis of posterior mediastinal masses.
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keywords = esophagus
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3/31. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from a congenital duplication cyst of the esophagus in a young adult.

    Squamous cell carcinomas arising from the congenital anomalies in the esophagus are rare. One such case of an 18-year-old man, with an associated history of ventricular septal defect, who developed an epithelial malignancy within the duplication cyst extending to involve the lower third of esophagus is presented here. He responded well to radical treatment using concurrent chemo-irradiation, and continues to be free of disease after a follow-up of 14 months.
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ranking = 6
keywords = esophagus
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4/31. Intramural squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.

    A case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from an esophageal intramural squamous epithelial cyst is reported. review of the literature reveals no previous reports of malignant transformation of esophageal cysts, although there have been reports of approximately 64 cases of benign esophageal cysts, and 35 cases of carcinoma arising in esophageal diverticula. In the present case, there was a history of increasing dysphagia for 2 months. Esophagram demonstrated a 4.5-cm concentric narrowing of the proximal esophagus just below the superior esophageal ring. Esophagoscopies revealed an esophageal stricture with intact mucosa, and bronchoscopy showed the lesion to be producing tracheal deviation. Multiple esophageal biopsies revealed mild mucosal hyperplasia with deep submucosal inflammatory changes suggesting an underlying lesion. Despite lack of histologic proof of malignancy, the patient underwent radiation therapy and bleomycin chemotherapy on the basis of the highly suggestive radiographic findings, but died with bilateral bronchopneumonia 6 months after admission. autopsy demonstrated a 1.5-cm long intramural esophageal squamous epithelial cyst, from which arose a locally invasive squamous cell carcinoma, without mucosal involvement or metastases. There was no demonstrable evidence of any associated esophageal diverticulum.
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ranking = 5
keywords = esophagus
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5/31. life threatening complications caused by bronchogenic and oesophageal duplication cysts in a child.

    An 11-year-old girl presented with severe respiratory distress, fever and septic manifestations. Computed tomography scan (CT) of the chest showed 2 separate superior and posterior mediastinal cysts, the upper one causing severe extrinsic compression of the trachea, and the oesophagus, while the lower cyst was at the subcarinal region compressing the 2 major bronchi. Emergency thoracotomy was performed permitting complete resection of intra-mural oesophageal enteric cyst, and a subcarinal bronchogenic cyst. The postoperative course was uneventful.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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6/31. Case report: Squamous carcinoma in an oesophageal foregut cyst.

    cysts within the oesophageal wall may represent inclusion cysts, retention cysts or developmental cysts. Foregut duplications are developmental anomalies, which occur as a result of abnormal canalization of the foregut during intrauterine life. Malignant transformation is an extremely rare event occurring within oesophageal cysts, adenocarcinoma being the most common histology. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising within an oesophageal cyst affecting the upper third of the oesophagus. The malignant cyst was not amenable to primary surgical resection and hence was treated using chemo-radiotherapy. The treatment gave good disease control, at the expense of a high oesophageal stricture. Chemo-radiotherapy is an alternative treatment modality to achieve long-term disease control in squamous cell carcinoma complicating oesophageal foregut cyst when primary surgical resection is not possible.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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7/31. Infected esophageal duplication cyst simulating empyema.

    Duplications of the esophagus are the second most common duplication of the gastrointestinal tract. The children with esophageal duplication cyst usually present with respiratory distress or as asymptomatic thoracic mass found on incidental chest x-ray. We report a case of infected esophageal duplication cyst initially confused with empyema in a two years old boy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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8/31. Laparoscopic resection of intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst.

    Esophageal duplication cysts are frequently encountered in the mediastinum and rarely in the abdomen. A case of laparoscopic resection of an intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cyst is reported. An incidental 4.5 x 4.0 x 3.5-cm, well-circumscribed, homogenous mass anterior to the intra-abdominal esophagus was detected on staging CT examinations for breast cancer in a 51-year-old woman. Laparoscopic resection of the lesion was performed after completion of breast-conserving surgery and whole breast irradiation. The defect of the muscular layer of the esophagus caused by the complete removal of the lesion required repair with muscular sutures. It was helpful to inspect the integrity of the esophageal wall repair by examining the exterior wall of the esophagus laparoscopically while insufflating air into the esophageal lumen through a fiberoptic esophagoscope. A laparoscopic approach utilizing intraoperative esophagoscopy is easy and safe for removal of intra-abdominal esophageal duplication cysts.
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ranking = 3
keywords = esophagus
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9/31. Sequestration of the lung in children.

    Nine cases of sequestration of the lung were seen in children. bronchopulmonary sequestration of the lung is a distinct congenital anomaly and clinical entity that can be distinguished from other congenital abnormalities of the lung. Such a congenital anomaly must be considered in children who, on roentgenologic examination, are found to have an opacity in the lower lung fields. Intralobar bronchopulmonary sequestration often is associated with recurrent pulmonary sepsis, whereas extralobar sequestration is less likely to be symptomatic and usually exhibits no abnormal physical findings. In a unique case, we found an extralobar sequestration associated with an esophageal duplication that communicated with the sequestered lobe but not with the esophagus. This situation represents a transitional stage in embryonic development of extralobar sequestration. Intralobar and extralobar forms of sequestration show many common characteristics indicating a common embryogenesis. Surgical excision, consisting of lobectomy or segmentectomy, is safe and effective and may be accomplished without morbidity or mortality.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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10/31. Oesophageal duplication cyst causing neonatal haemoptysis.

    Duplication anomalies of the alimentary tract often present with myriad clinical symptoms and signs. There have been no reports of haemoptysis as the presenting feature and oesophageal duplication cyst is not considered as a cause for haemoptysis. An infant presented with this unusual manifestation. Chest X-ray showed persistent right upper zone haziness and contrast enhanced computed tomographic scan showed a multiloculated mass on the right side of the chest. The cystic mass was excised via a right thoracotomy and dense adhesions were noted with the oesophagus. The postoperative period was uneventful and histopathological examination revealed it to be a duplication cyst with ectopic gastric mucosa. Thus, the diagnosis was made retrospectively.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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