Cases reported "Esophageal Neoplasms"

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1/1314. Hodgkin's disease of the esophagus: report of a case.

    Most esophageal malignancies are either squamous carcinomas or adenocarcinomas arising in the background of Barrett's esophagus. We describe a case of an 85-yr-old woman in whom the diagnosis of esophageal malignancy was difficult to confirm despite its endoscopic appearance and previous biopsies. This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing Hodgkin's disease of the esophagus. Despite the rarity of this entity, if clinically indicated by symptoms, large, deep biopsies by rigid esophagoscopy should be considered.
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2/1314. Giant fibrovascular polyp of the esophagus: CT and MR findings.

    We present a case of giant fibrovascular polyp of the esophagus with predominant fat contents. Both computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of this rare tumor are reported. The employment of CT and MRI in the presurgical evaluation of fibrovascular esophageal polyp is suggested.
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3/1314. Metastatic esophageal carcinoma to the orbit.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of esophageal adenocarcinoma and areas of gastric differentiation in the esophagus (barrett esophagus) metastatic to the orbit. methods: A 47-year-old man with a history of esophageal carcinoma developed turgescence around his left eye. He underwent a biopsy and histologic examination of a left orbital mass. RESULTS: Histopathology of the orbital tumor was consistent with metastatic adenocarcinoma from the esophagus. CONCLUSIONS: This metastatic adenocarcinoma to the orbit likely arose in barrett esophagus.
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4/1314. Pedunculated esophageal leiomyosarcoma: a case report.

    We report a case of esophageal leiomyosarcoma that possibly arose from the muscularis mucosae, thereby showing a particularly unusual appearance. A large polypoid intraluminal lesion in the distal esophagus was found on an endoscopic examination of a 68-year-old man with a 3-month history of dysphagia. Although the histological examination of biopsy specimens clearly revealed leiomyosarcoma, the absence of an exophytic component on computed tomography (CT) scan caused us to suspect that the tumor was carcinosarcoma. The tumor was resected by a subtotal esophagectomy. Microscopic evaluation revealed no involvement in the layer of the muscularis propria and no component of carcinoma. Clinical features of the pedunculated esophageal leiomyosarcoma shown in this case and three additional cases previously reported in the literature are reviewed.
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5/1314. Synovial sarcoma of the esophagus simulating achalasia.

    Synovial sarcoma is a rare malignancy occurring mainly in the extremities. Only seven cases have been described arising in the esophagus. All of them presented as a polypoid mass involving the upper third of the esophagus. A case of infiltrating synovial esophageal sarcoma simulating achalasia in a 63-year-old woman is reported. According to the literature, the location and the clinical pattern of this tumor are exceptional. The clinical features, pathologic findings, differential diagnosis, and management of this condition are discussed.
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6/1314. Squamous cell papillomatosis of esophagus following placement of a self-expanding metal stent.

    The esophageal self-expanding metal stent has gained widespread acceptance for the management of tracheoesophageal fistulas and the palliative management of malignant esophageal strictures. The complications associated with its use can be classified as either immediate or delayed. The most frequent delayed complications include tumor ingrowth, stent migration, reflux of gastric contents, bleeding, and perforation. This case report illustrates an otherwise unrecognized delayed complication of a self-expanding metal stent. Near complete ingrowth of the stent by squamous mucosal hyperplasia occurred within six weeks of the metal stent's placement. This finding supports the hypothesis that mucosal injury and regeneration underlies the etiology of esophageal squamous cell papilloma formation.
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7/1314. A case of advanced esophageal cancer showing a long-term complete response with chemotherapy with nedaplatin alone.

    We describe a case of advanced esophageal cancer treated successfully by chemotherapy with nedaplatin alone. A 60-year-old male with type 2 advanced esophageal cancer, which was located in the upper part of the esophagus and had invaded adjacent organs, was treated with nedaplatin 150 mg/body (100 mg/m2) given intravenously every 4 weeks from January 6, 1991. He achieved a partial response (PR) and was discharged in March 1991. Subsequently, he received nedaplatin 75 mg/body in an out-patient setting almost every month until August 1992. Toxicities were tolerable and included mild thrombocytopenia and nausea/vomiting. From serial evaluation in October 1993, the esophageal tumor was not observed. After 7 years since initial chemotherapy was administered, he still survives without the disease.
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8/1314. endosonography in the diagnosis of "blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome": an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal tract bleeding.

    Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple angiomatic lesions of the skin. These are associated with similar lesions in other organs, namely in the gastrointestinal tract, causing anemia through chronic bleeding. We describe the case of a 72-year-old woman with microcytic anemia. A barium study revealed irregular lacunae in the distal esophagus. A subsequent endoscopy showed blue nodular lesions similar to angiomas of the esophagus and stomach fundus. endosonography confirmed its angiomatic nature. Exploration of other organs, using magnetic resonance and cranial computed tomography, did not reveal the presence of this type of lesion. In physical examination, two angiomatic lesions were observed on the face and lips, respectively. These were blue in color and compressible, leaving an empty wrinkled sac that rapidly refilled, typical of angiomas.
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9/1314. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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10/1314. Primary esophageal T cell lymphoma.

    A 60 year-old woman with primary esophageal T-cell lymphoma in clinical stage I(E)B is presented. Immunohistologic examination showed tumor cells to be positive for anti-LCA, anti-UCHL-1, anti-MT-1, anti-CD3 antibodies, and negative for anti-L26 antibody. Disappearance of dysphagia and improvement in esophageal findings were noted after 65 Gy of irradiation, and biopsy specimens from the esophagus revealed no malignancy. Primary esophageal lymphoma is extremely rare, and this T-cell lymphoma is only the fourth case reported in the literature.
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