Cases reported "Esophageal Neoplasms"

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1/71. Stomal recurrence invading the cervicothoracic esophagus and upper mediastinum: resectability and the creation of a safe anterior mediastinal tracheostoma.

    Surgical salvage for stomal recurrence is a for midable problem for head and neck surgeons. The two factors of considerable significance are resectability and establishment of a safe anterior mediastinal tracheostoma. A case of stomal recurrence invading the cervicothoracic esophagus and upper mediastinum is presented. Total esophagectomy and upper mediastinal dissection was performed. The esophagus was reconstructed immediately with a pedicled gastric flap. The omentum on the gastric pedicle was wrapped around the trachea to reduce the likelihood of erosion into the great vessels and to supplement the lateral blood supply to the trachea. No serious postoperative complications were observed. We believe that the total esophagectomy improved the resectability, and that the bulk of the gastric pedicle and the use of the omentum prevented significant postoperative complications associated with an anterior mediastinal tracheostoma.
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2/71. Sclerosing Mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia of the thyroid glands: a case report with clinical manifestation of recurrent neck mass.

    Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is a recently recognized malignant neoplasm of the thyroid gland. About 14 cases of SMECE have been reported and this is the first reported case in korea. A 57-year-old woman presented with right neck mass for 20 years. Total thyroidectomy was performed under the impression of thyroid carcinoma. The resected thyroid gland showed a poorly circumscribed hard mass. Histologically, the tumor consisted of solid nests of large atypical cells with dense fibrous stroma. The tumor cells showed squamoid appearance with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. There were also rare mucin-containing cells within the nests. Within the hyalinized stroma, numerous eosinophils were found. The surrounding thyroid parenchyma displayed Hashimoto's thyroiditis. There was metastasis in a regional lymph node. Two years after initial surgery, she underwent a modified radical neck dissection due to recurrent neck mass. After the radiation therapy for eight weeks, laryngectomy and esophagectomy were performed due to a recurrent carcinoma in the esophageal wall. We report an additional case of SMECE, with metastasis to regional lymph nodes and esophagus. The tumor appears to be more aggressive than previously reported and a correct diagnosis can be rendered by just examining the metastatic lesions.
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3/71. Multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland.

    The occurrence of multiple primary cancers in the aerodigestive tract is a well known phenomenon that has been explained by the concept of 'field carcinogenesis'. Metachronous or synchronous esophageal cancer has usually been identified in patients with head and neck cancer, gastric cancer or colon cancer. The incidence of multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland is very low. We treated four patients with synchronous cancers of the cervical esophagus and the thyroid gland. Histologically, all of the esophageal cancers were squamous cell carcinomas. Thyroid cancers were evaluated as papillary carcinoma or follicular carcinoma. Both the esophageal cancer and the thyroid cancer frequently metastasized to lymph nodes. All patients had multiple lymph nodes metastasis from the esophageal or the thyroid cancer. In one patient, both the esophageal and the thyroid cancers were detected in the same lymph node. Three of four patients died from recurrence of esophageal cancer. The prognosis of these patients was poor. In the treatment of esophageal carcinoma, cancers of other organs including the thyroid gland should be carefully investigated.
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4/71. Esophageal carcinoma following radiotherapy.

    A patient previously irradiated for epiglottic cancer developed an upper esophageal stricture that on biopsy proved to be a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. patients receiving prior radiotherapy for a head and neck cancer are at increased risk of developing a second esophageal cancer and must be followed closely.
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5/71. Severe hypothyroidism in patients dependent on prolonged thyroxine infusion through a jejunostomy.

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Enteral absorption of thyroxine (T4) is variable; the duodenum and jejunum appear to be the most important sites of absorption. Our objective is to demonstrate that T4 infused via a standard jejunostomy may occasionally be poorly absorbed. methods: Two patients underwent esophagolaryngeal resection for carcinoma of the cervical esophagus. The procedure was accompanied by complete removal of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. A neck fistula at the gastropharyngeal anastomosis led to a restriction of oral intake; daily requirements of T4 and nutrients were given via the jejunostomy. T4 plasma levels deteriorated and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels increased and in the third postoperative week, T4 (300 microg) was administered via a nasogastric tube. RESULTS: Although given a high dose (300 microg) of T4, both patients developed severe hypothyroidism. Infusion of T4 through the nasogastric tube precipitated the normalization of T4 and TSH plasma levels. Both patients (cases 1 and 2) resumed oral intake during the fifth and sixth postoperative weeks respectively. CONCLUSION: T4 malabsorption may occur in patients dependent on prolonged T4 infusion via a standard jejunostomy.
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6/71. Video-assisted transsternal radical esophagectomy: three-field lymphadenectomy without thoracotomy for esophageal cancer.

    To reduce the invasiveness of radical esophagectomy, we developed a new approach: video-assisted transsternal radical esophagectomy (VATRE). This article presents the operative techniques and our initial results. In our new procedure, cervical U-shaped and longitudinal sternoabdominal incisions are made, and a complete midline sternotomy is carried out. Lymph node clearance from the neck to the upper mediastinum and from the lower mediastinum to the upper abdomen is performed under direct vision. In the middle mediastinum, a video-assisted technique is used to dissect the lymph nodes. After esophageal resection and three-field lymphadenectomy, reconstruction is performed. one-lung ventilation is unnecessary. We have performed this procedure in two cases. These patients had no major complications and recovered more rapidly than patients undergoing conventional transthoracic esophagectomy. Our initial experience shows that VATRE is a technically feasible and less invasive procedure for cancer surgery, and it enables us to easily perform three-field lymphadenectomy.
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7/71. Oesophageal rhabdomyoma.

    Extracardiac rhabdomyomas are rare benign tumours showing striated muscle differentiation. Seventy percent of these lesions occur in the head and neck region. The most common sites for these lesions are the larynx, pharynx, and the floor of the mouth. There has been only one previous report of a rhabdomyoma of the oesophagus; two further cases are described.
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8/71. esophagectomy and laparoscopic gastric mobilization with minilaparotomy for tubulization and esophageal replacement.

    Several alternatives for esophageal resection and replacement with laparoscopic, thoracoscopic, video-assisted, or completely endoscopic techniques have been reported. All of these have advantages and disadvantages according to the indications, instrumental requirements, cost, and feasibility. Here we report a new alternative procedure, performing the gastric mobilization and transhiatal esophageal dissection by laparoscopic approach and preparation of the gastric tube through a midline 5-cm minilaparotomy. In this manner we handled the GIA staplers outside of the abdomen, avoiding prolongation of the operating time and the excessive increase of the cost of the procedure. Further, this procedure may help to prevent the risk of postoperative leak of the stapler suture line by reinforcing this suture with a invaginating continuous manual 3-0 reabsorbable suture (Monocryl, Johnson & Johnson, Cincinnati, OH, U.S.A.). A left anterolateral cervicotomy was done to complete the dissection of the esophagus, and the gastric tube was ascended through a retrosternal tunnel to the neck for esophagogastroanastomosis. We operated on a 73-year-old woman, who had a T1 squamous carcinoma of middle third of the esophagus. The operation was performed with no intraoperative complications as a result of the procedure. After surgery, pneumonia with a pleural effusion developed and was evacuated. The patient was discharged from the hospital with no symptoms. We believe that this is a safe, inexpensive, and easy procedure for the transhiatal laparoscopic esophagectomy and its replacement by a gastric tube.
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keywords = neck
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9/71. Primary adenocarcinoma of the cervical esophagus arising from heterotopic gastric mucosa.

    Most esophageal malignancies are either squamous cell carcinomas or adenocarcinomas arising from Barrett's esophagus. We report a case of adenocarcinoma of the upper esophagus (cervical esophagus) that was derived from heterotopic gastric mucosa. In a 73-year-old man cervical esophagectomy was performed, followed by pharyngectomy, laryngectomy, and palliative dissection of lymph nodes on both sides of the neck, after an accurate diagnosis has been made by esophagography and endoscopy. The resected tumor was smoothly elevated (2.5 cm x 2.0 cm) and was microscopically identified as a well differentiated adenocarcinoma with invasion to the submucosa. The origin of the carcinoma was found to be a heterotopic gastric mucosa, by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), immunohistochemical, and enzyme histochemical staining. To our knowledge, only 18 similar cases have been reported previously.
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keywords = neck
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10/71. Perforating oesophageal carcinoma presenting as necrotizing fasciitis of the neck.

    A patient with a history of schizophrenia was admitted to our hospital in an already severe stage of necrotizing fasciitis of the neck, complicated with mediastinitis and gangrene. Later on, he also developed a vena cava superior syndrome and sepsis. In the few cases and small series described in the literature, necrotizing fasciitis of the neck is usually associated with surgery or trauma. Less frequently, an orodental or pharyngeal infection, often innocuous, is the underlying cause. None of these causes could be identified in our patient. Initially, on computer-assisted tomography (CT) scan, a tracheal rupture was suspected, but this diagnosis could not be confirmed on bronchoscopic examination. On gastroscopy, a stenotic oesophageal segment was discovered. biopsy of this segment showed a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The patient died in sepsis. autopsy confirmed the presence of a large proximal oesophageal tumour with perforation. As far as we know, no case of a necrotizing fasciitis of the neck caused by perforation of a formerly unknown oesophageal carcinoma has been reported. Even mediastinitis, with or without gangrene, is rarely associated with oesophageal cancer, and in the few cases reported it is always due to fistulization after surgery.
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ranking = 7
keywords = neck
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