Cases reported "Ethmoid Sinusitis"

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1/35. Sinusitis with contiguous abscess involvement of the clivus and petrous apices. Case report.

    A wide spectrum of diseases may involve the clivus, such as primary neoplasms, metastatic disease, and inflammatory, vascular, hematopoietic, and infectious processes. Of these, osteomyelitis of the skull base and/or clival-petrous abscess are unusual, but may occur as a result of contiguous spread from the paranasal sinuses, namely, the posterior ethmoid and sphenoid, as was demonstrated by this patient. In this case report we discuss the pertinent anatomy, imaging studies, pathogenesis, and medical and surgical management of this case.
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keywords = nasal
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2/35. Isolated intracranial mucocele.

    Intracranial mucoceles have been previously reported as direct extradural extensions of mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses. We describe a patient with 2 silent mucoceles isolated within the parenchyma of the frontal lobe of the brain. The patient had undergone multiple previous intranasal polypectomy and ethmoidectomy procedures, and the unsuspected mucoceles were discovered on a computed tomographic scan obtained to evaluate recurrent rhinosinusitis symptoms. craniotomy was required for removal of the mucoceles.
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keywords = nasal
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3/35. breast cancer metastasis presenting as ethmoiditis.

    Metastasis from primary tumours to the paranasal sinuses is infrequent. We report an unusual case of breast cancer metastasis presenting as ethmoiditis in MRI. MRI changes are unspecific and sometimes inflammatory lesions can not be distinguished from neoplastic lesions. Inflammatory changes in the paranasal sinuses are also frequently noted on MRI even in normal persons without disease. A high index of metastasis suspicion in any patient with breast cancer must be kept in mind.
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ranking = 2
keywords = nasal
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4/35. Detection of sinus-induced orbital mycosis with standardized orbital ultrasonography: a case report.

    Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host, and it can become life-threatening if it is not diagnosed. Although the definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture, imaging is of vital importance in the clinical workup and in planning treatment. We present a case of fulminant ethmoidal sinusitis caused by aspergillus flavus with orbital involvement in an immunocompromised patient. Standard computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses was complemented by the use of standardized orbital ultrasonography, which was able to identify the intraorbital extension. We discuss the role of standardized orbital ultrasonography as a complementary imaging modality in the diagnosis of fungal sinusitis and in the assessment of local extension. To the best of our knowledge, the role of SOU in diagnosing an orbital extension of a fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses has not been previously discussed in the literature.
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ranking = 3.1514043111744
keywords = nasal, nose
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5/35. Sinonasal tuberculosis associated with osteomyelitis of the ethmoid bone and cervical lymphadenopathy.

    Sinonasal tuberculosis is a rare disease; its association with osteomyelitis of surrounding bone and cervical lymphadenopathy has been reported rarely. In this article, we report a case of sinonasal tuberculosis that was complicated by osteomyelitis of the ethmoid bone and cervical lymphadenopathy. infection of the bone was demonstrated by biopsy and (99m)Tc-MDP bone single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and cervical lymphadenopathy was confirmed by histology. This case will be discussed with specific emphasis on the imaging characteristics.
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ranking = 6
keywords = nasal
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6/35. Symmetrical ethmoidal metastases from ductal carcinoma of the breast, suggesting transcribrosal spread.

    Symmetrical ethmoidal metastases from ductal carcinoma of the breast, suggesting transcribrosal spread. While half of breast cancers develop metastases, the appearance of metastatic disease in paranasal sinuses from this origin is very rare. Eighteen other cases were found in the literature, dating from 1939 till now. A case of metastatic breastcancer presenting as a subacute therapy-resistant pansinusitis is described. The perfect symmetry was misleading. Bilateral ethmoidal biopsies were compatible with metastases from a ductal adenocarcinoma. Further investigation revealed meningeal carcinomatosis in the supra-orbital region and locoregional recurrence in the mastectomy scar and axilla. Comparing these 19 cases in chronological order, it was noticed that symptoms at time of diagnosis shift from those of space occupying lesions to those suggestive for sinusitis. This shift could be explained by earlier diagnosis. High index of suspicion is the key to diagnosis. Earlier diagnosis does not result in longer survival since in most cases patients have already widespread disease and die within one year. Most authors mention the role of the vertebral venous plexus in hematogeneous spreading of tumor cells. Another pathway of hematogenous spread is via (occult) lung metastases. This case prompts the hypothesis of transcribrosal spread from meningeal involvement.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nasal
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7/35. Nasal septal abscess: an unusual complication of acute spheno-ethmoiditis.

    Nasal septal abscess complicating acute sinusitis is rare. There have been very few reports in the literature of this condition. We present a 12-year old-male with a nasal septal abscess complicating acute pansinusitis.
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keywords = nasal
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8/35. Two cases of Aspergillus sinusitis with bone destruction.

    We experienced the clinical courses of two cases of destructive Aspergillus in paranasal sinuses in which an Aspergillus fungus ball was formed, and which caused bony destruction are described. The case in which a nidus could not be completely surgically removed and with intervening diabetes had an unfavorable prognosis. It is recommend to perform an early expanded operation as well as to administer a sufficient amount of antifungal drugs for the treatment of destructive Aspergillus in paranasal sinuses.
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ranking = 2
keywords = nasal
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9/35. Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy associated with a systemic necrotizing vasculitis.

    PURPOSE: The authors present a case of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) associated with a systemic necrotizing vasculitis with mixed features of wegener granulomatosis and polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 29-year-old woman developed a severe nosebleed, followed by a low-grade fever, night sweats, and a productive cough. One month later, she began experiencing high fevers, headache, myalgia, neck stiffness, and abdominal pain as well as bilateral blurred vision from APMPPE. Systemic evaluation revealed nasal ulcerations, bilateral pleural effusions, and a bilateral maxillary and ethmoid sinusitis, consistent with wegener granulomatosis. However, ANCA testing was negative, and a renal and mesenteric angiogram showed aneurysmal dilatations suggestive of PAN. Her ocular and systemic symptoms markedly improved with systemic corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: The cause of APMPPE is unknown. This case of APMPPE associated with systemic necrotizing vasculitis provides support for the choroid as being primarily involved by a diffuse vasculitic process that interrupts choroidal perfusion and causes the characteristic fundus findings in APMPPE.
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ranking = 1.1514043111744
keywords = nasal, nose
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10/35. Replacement therapy in a patient with congenital prekallikrein deficiency undergoing surgery.

    A patient with congenital prekallikrein (PK) deficiency underwent left endonasal radical ethmoidectomy and nasal polypectomy after receiving a transfusion of 6 ml/kg body weight of fresh frozen plasma (FFP). His plasma PK activity was under 1% before transfusion, and 46% after transfusion. The patient had no bleeding tendency during operation, but bled extensively from the wound 7 days after operation. At that time, his plasma PK activity was 3%. Since the bleeding could not be stopped simply by plugging his nasal cavities with tampons, he was given 3 ml/kg body weight of FFP. As a result, his nasal bleeding rapidly decreased. No clinical sign of thrombotic complication was observed throughout the clinical course.
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ranking = 4
keywords = nasal
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