Cases reported "Exanthema"

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1/21. Positive skin tests in late reactions to radiographic contrast media.

    In the last few years delayed reactions several hours after the injection of radiographic and contrast materials (PRC) have been described with increasing frequency. The authors report two observations on patients with delayed reactions in whom intradermoreactions (IDR) and patch tests to a series of ionic and non ionic PRC were studied. After angiography by the venous route in patient n degree 1 a biphasic reaction with an immediate reaction (dyspnea, loss of consciousness) and delayed macro-papular rash appeared, whilst patient n degree 2 developed a generalised sensation of heat, persistent pain at the site of injection immediately and a generalised macro-papular reaction after 24 hours. The skin tests revealed positive delayed reactions of 24 hours and 48 hours by IDR and patch tests to only some PRC with common chains in their structures. The positive skin tests are in favour of immunological reactions and may help in diagnosis of allergy in the patients.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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2/21. Amoxycillin-induced flexural exanthem.

    We describe a 37-year-old man who developed an acute, inflammatory flexural eruption shortly after taking amoxycillin, then erythema multiforme-like lesions on the palms and soles. The eruption resolved with systemic corticosteroids, and positive patch tests with amoxycillin supported a drug-induced aetiology. A few similar cases have been described as the 'baboon syndrome' or intertriginous drug eruptions. We draw attention to this rare, distinctive drug eruption.
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3/21. dermatitis following systemic prednisolone: patch testing with prednisolone eye drops.

    Although positive reactions to topical corticosteroids can occur in over 1% of a patch-test population, systemic reactions to oral corticosteroids are uncommon. A 45-year-old woman who gave a clear history of the generalization of a cutaneous eruption following oral prednisolone was positive on patch testing using prednisolone eye drops.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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4/21. Localized pustulosis induced by betalactams.

    Localized forms of pustular drug eruptions related to antibiotics are uncommon and their mechanism is still unknown. We describe herein a patient who developed numerous pin-head pustules without erythema in the peribuccal area after ingestion of ceftibuten and amoxicillin. The relationship with these drugs was confirmed by single-blind oral challenges. The following tests were performed: prick and intradermal tests with benzylpenicilloyl polylysine, minor determinant mixture, benzylpenicillin and amoxicillin; patch tests were also carried out with benzylpenicillin, amoxicillin, cloxacillin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, cefazolin, ceftibuten and cefaclor. All cutaneous tests were negative. Controlled single-blind challenge tests were performed with amoxicillin, cefadroxil, ceftibuten, cefuroxime, cefaclor, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. All betalactam antibiotics tested gave a positive reaction, with good tolerance of other antibiotics; this would appear to indicate a specific mechanism of hypersensitivity and not an unspecific reaction to wide spectrum antibiotics.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = patch test, patch
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5/21. A systemic reaction to patch testing for the evaluation of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis.

    BACKGROUND: patch tests are considered safe but adverse reactions have been reported. OBSERVATIONS: A case of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) provoked by a patch test with acetaminophen is described. Of special interest are the negative patch test results obtained with the offending drug. The case is discussed against the background of the putative mechanisms of AGEP and the reported systemic reactions to patch testing for AGEP. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English-language literature of a generalized AGEP-like reaction caused by patch tests carried out to determine the drug eliciting AGEP.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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6/21. Systemically induced allergic exanthem from mercury.

    Cutaneous reactions to mercury can manifest themselves in different forms. Apart from contact dermatitis, flare-up reactions, disseminated exanthem as well as skin symptoms in previously unaffected skin are known. Regarding systemic allergen application, 2 separate clinical patterns, namely acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) and symmetric flexural exanthem 'baboon syndrome' have been described. Systemic allergic reactions to mercury are most commonly provoked by the inhalation of metallic mercury vapours from a broken thermometer, often after previous sensitization to mercury compounds, e.g. Mercurochrome. Patch testing with mercurials yields positive reactions in approximately 80% of patients. We report 3 patients, 2 with flexural exanthem, and 1 presenting with AGEP, respectively. Positive patch tests to mercury derivatives could be demonstrated in all of them. Furthermore, non-toxic serum mercury levels were detected in 2 of the patients. The present review provides a survey of the literature on systemic allergic exanthem to mercury. However, plausible explanations for the distribution pattern of the skin manifestations in AGEP and flexural exanthem are still lacking.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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7/21. acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis caused by celecoxib.

    acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rapidly evolving, febrile, widespread, non-follicular pustular eruption mainly provoked by drugs. Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor containing a sulfonamide substitute, is now clinically widely used due to its advantage of lower rate of gastrointestinal irritation. We report a case of AGEP in a 61-year-old woman who presented with fever, widespread maculopapules, vesicles, bullae, tiny pustules and leukocytosis soon after the ingestion of celecoxib. The condition resolved rapidly within 10 days. AGEP was diagnosed based on clinical and histopathological findings. Skin patch testing showed positive reaction to 1% celecoxib without cross-reactivity to 1% sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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8/21. Cutaneous and oral eruption from oral exposure to nickel in dental braces.

    Oral eruptions due to nickel allergy are rare. A common presentation of intraoral contact dermatitis is the presence of lichenoid plaques on the buccal mucosa adjacent to the offending antigen. We report an unusual case of cutaneous and mucosal nickel allergy arising after placement of dental braces. An 11-year-old boy was referred by his orthodontist to the University of minnesota Occupational and Contact dermatitis Clinic to be evaluated for a possible metal allergy. The patient developed an itchy rash on his abdomen and under his wristwatch 1 week after dental braces were placed. He was diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis from nickel. The patient avoided cutaneous nickel exposure and had a minimal resolution of his symptoms. One year later, the patient developed swelling and burning of the lips. Secondary to extreme discomfort, the braces, which contained nickel, titanium, and zinc, were removed. The patient underwent standard patch testing; the final reading at 96 hours showed a reaction to nickel, palladium, cobalt chloride, and neomycin. The patient experienced relief of his oral symptoms after removal of the braces. No current relevance to palladium, cobalt, or neomycin has been found.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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9/21. acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis induced by bleomycin and confirmed by patch testing.

    acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis is a potentially severe disease caused by drugs in about 90% of cases. To the best of our knowledge, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis following use of bleomycin has not been previously reported. Here we report a case of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis induced by bleomycin, which was confirmed by patch testing.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = patch test, patch
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10/21. Cutaneous reactions due to diltiazem and cross reactivity with other calcium channel blockers.

    BACKGROUND: The spectrum of cutaneous eruptions in association with calcium channel blockers is extensive, varying from exanthemas to severe adverse events. Reactions due to diltiazem occur more frequently than with other calcium channel blockers. Patch testing has been used as confirmatory testing in patients with extensive cutaneous reactions. Cross-reactivity among these drugs have not been established. MATERIAL: We present 3 patients: 1) A 54-year-old man developed a generalized erythema-multiforme-like reaction followed by erythrodermia and exfoliative dermatitis 6-7 days after starting on diltiazem. The drug was stopped and remission was obtained with emollients and systemic corticosteroids and antihistamines within 12 days. 2) A 80-year-old woman experienced a pruritic exanthematous eruption on her trunk which evolved to generalized erythrodermia and superficial desquamation. This reaction appeared 10 days after taking diltiazem, and gradually improved in 10-12 days after discontinuation of this drug. 3) A 79-year-old man presented with erythema and pruritus initially on the back, and then affecting thorax, extremities and face. He had started treatment with diltiazem three days before. diltiazem was stopped and steroid and antihistamine therapy was given. His skin condition improved, but 3 days later the patient received verapamil with worsening of previous situation. He recovered within 7 days. methods AND RESULTS: Two to six months after the reaction, we carried out epicutaneous tests with calcium channel blockers from different groups. diltiazem proved positive (at 48 and 96 hours) in the three patients; nifedipine was also positive in patient 2, and verapamil in patient 3. Controlled administration of verapamil was well tolerated in patient 2 after the reaction, and the patient 1 has taken nifedipine without problems. CONCLUSIONS: 1) We report 3 cases of cutaneous reactions due to diltiazem. 2) Epicutaneous tests have been useful for diagnosis. 3) As one of patients had positive patch tests to diltiazem and nifedipine, and other one with diltiazem and verapamil, more studies are needed to demonstrate cross reactions among calcium channel blockers.
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keywords = patch test, patch
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