Cases reported "exanthema"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/331. Accentuated viral exanthems in areas of inflammation.

    Types of lesions and patterns of distribution aid in the recognition of viral exanthems. Varicella and hand-foot-and-mouth disease can appear atypically in areas of inflammation. We describe 5 cases of morphologically altered exanthems that localized early and preferentially to areas of inflammation. ( info)

2/331. Successful pregnancy and delivery in a case of systemic lupus erythematosus treated with immunoadsorption therapy and cyclosporin A.

    A 32-year-old woman diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) became pregnant. During pregnancy she was treated with a daily dosage of prednisolone 15 mg. However, because the exanthema became worse, she was hospitalized on January 14, 1997 in order to receive immunoadsorption therapy. Before delivery we implemented the immunoadsorption therapy twice and cyclosporin A (CsA) was administered simultaneously. She gave birth in her 37th week. The baby weighed 2260 g at the time of delivery and had no deformities. The mother also had no side effects. The success of pregnancy and childbirth in our case, without any side effects, shows the possibility that the combination of CsA and immunoadsorption therapy may be considered safe to control a pregnancy complicated by SLE. ( info)

3/331. Positive skin tests in late reactions to radiographic contrast media.

    In the last few years delayed reactions several hours after the injection of radiographic and contrast materials (PRC) have been described with increasing frequency. The authors report two observations on patients with delayed reactions in whom intradermoreactions (IDR) and patch tests to a series of ionic and non ionic PRC were studied. After angiography by the venous route in patient n degree 1 a biphasic reaction with an immediate reaction (dyspnea, loss of consciousness) and delayed macro-papular rash appeared, whilst patient n degree 2 developed a generalised sensation of heat, persistent pain at the site of injection immediately and a generalised macro-papular reaction after 24 hours. The skin tests revealed positive delayed reactions of 24 hours and 48 hours by IDR and patch tests to only some PRC with common chains in their structures. The positive skin tests are in favour of immunological reactions and may help in diagnosis of allergy in the patients. ( info)

4/331. Amoxycillin-induced flexural exanthem.

    We describe a 37-year-old man who developed an acute, inflammatory flexural eruption shortly after taking amoxycillin, then erythema multiforme-like lesions on the palms and soles. The eruption resolved with systemic corticosteroids, and positive patch tests with amoxycillin supported a drug-induced aetiology. A few similar cases have been described as the 'baboon syndrome' or intertriginous drug eruptions. We draw attention to this rare, distinctive drug eruption. ( info)

5/331. Miliary tuberculosis presenting with rigors and developing unusual cutaneous manifestations.

    We report a case of miliary tuberculosis presenting with high fevers and rigors. While undergoing evaluation, the patient developed a diffuse, erythematous, maculopapular eruption coalescing to form erythematous plaques involving the abdomen, trunk, and proximal extremities. Biopsies of the lesions were smear- and culture-negative for mycobacterium tuberculosis. Rigors are an unusual presenting symptom of miliary tuberculosis and have only been reported three times in the (post-antibiotic era) literature. chills have been reported to occur 28% of the time. This symptom can be confusing to the practitioner, leading to delay in diagnosis. The skin lesions were most consistent with a lichenoid tuberculid eruption. The patient had a negative purified protein derivative and non-reactive anergy panel, and the lesions involved only the cutis and healed without scarring. The patient had a dramatic response to antituberculous therapy, with resolution of the fever within 2 days and resolution of the rash within 2 weeks. ( info)

6/331. Crystal deodorant dermatitis: irritant dermatitis to alum-containing deodorant.

    Two patients developed an irritant dermatitis of the axillae shortly after using an over-the-counter "natural deodorant crystal" product containing alum. We discuss this previously unreported, untoward reaction to alum, an ancient agent with newfound popularity as an alternative health product. ( info)

7/331. Dermatological adverse effects with the antimalarial drug mefloquine: a review of 74 published case reports.

    mefloquine is a relatively new antimalarial drug which has been associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including skin reactions. In order to evaluate the range and frequency of mefloquine's dermatological effects, we searched the scientific literature for published case reports of such effects. We found 74 case reports, published between the years 1983 and 1997. pruritus and maculopapular rash are the dermatological effects most commonly associated with mefloquine: their approximate frequency is 4-10% for pruritus, and up to 30% for nonspecific maculopapular rash. Adverse effects associated less commonly with mefloquine include urticaria, facial lesions and cutaneous vasculitis. One case of stevens-johnson syndrome and one fatal case of toxic epidermal necrolysis occurred. Appropriate primary studies of mefloquine use should be carried out to elucidate the epidemiology and aetiology of dermatological and other adverse effects of the drug. ( info)

8/331. What is the cause of a rash after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination?

    Surveillance and laboratory confirmation of measles will increase in importance as australia implements enhanced measles control. We describe a 17-month-old child with fever and rash after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination. Detection of vaccine-strain measles virus in his urine by polymerase chain reaction confirmed the diagnosis of a vaccine reaction rather than wild-type measles. We propose that measles virus should be sought and identified as vaccine or wild-type virus when the relationship between vaccination and measles-like illness is uncertain. ( info)

9/331. acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis induced by chromium picolinate.

    A case of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) due to chromium picolinate is described. This supplemental form of chromium has received a great deal of interest recently because of its possible beneficial effects on both muscle strength and body composition. There have been no previous reports to our knowledge of adverse cutaneous reactions to this agent. Various aspects of AGEP are reviewed. ( info)

10/331. Polymorphous light eruption. A case report and consideration of the hardening mechanism.

    BACKGROUND: Polymorphous light eruption (PLE) is a common form of photodermatosis. The pathogenesis of the disease and the mechanism of the hardening phenomenon, however, have not been clarified. observation: We report a 62-year-old Japanese woman with PLE. Provocation and hardening induction testing revealed that hardening was induced at the sites irradiated by a sufficient dose of UV for reproduction of the lesion. Topical steroid could prevent a positive reaction but not the hardening induction. The expression of adhesion molecules and CD1a was decreased at the hardening site. CONCLUSION: From these results, the hardening phenomenon in our case might be due to immunosuppression by UV exposure supported by the down-regulation of cell adhesion molecule expression and partially due to the depletion of endogenous antigens which cause a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Exanthema'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.