Cases reported "Eye Infections, Bacterial"

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1/585. Infectious crystalline keratopathy and endophthalmitis secondary to mycobacterium abscessus in a monocular patient with stevens-johnson syndrome.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and laboratory features of infectious crystalline keratopathy and endophthalmitis secondary to mycobacterium abscessus in a patient with stevens-johnson syndrome. METHOD: Case report. A 19-year-old man with a history of stevens-johnson syndrome and multiple corneal transplants developed white crystalline corneal infiltrates. RESULTS: anterior chamber aspirate disclosed acid-fast bacilli. A repeat corneal transplant was performed and antibiotic therapy begun. Histopathology showed focal acute inflammation surrounding collections of acid-fast bacilli, which were speciated as M. abscessus. CONCLUSIONS: M. abscessus is a cause of infectious crystalline keratopathy and endophthalmitis. risk factors include ocular surface disease, corneal transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy. ( info)

2/585. bartonella henselae infection associated with peripapillary angioma, branch retinal artery occlusion, and severe vision loss.

    PURPOSE: To report atypical clinical features of bartonella henselae neuroretinitis treated with combination antibiotics. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old man with a positive B. henselae titer developed a unilateral neuroretinitis, a large peripapillary angiomatous lesion, branch artery occlusion with ischemic maculopathy, and vision loss that failed to improve with clindamycin. Treatment with doxycycline and rifampin led to rapid clinical improvement. The severe vision loss in this case is atypical. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular findings associated with B. henselae infection may include retinal angiomatous lesion and branch retinal artery occlusion. doxycycline and rifampin were successful in treating the infection. ( info)

3/585. Late bleb-related endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C.

    To present two cases of delayed-onset postoperative endophthalmitis following trabeculectomy combined with mitomycin C for secondary glaucoma after penetrating keratoplasty. We retrospectively evaluated two patients with late endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy combined with intraoperative mitomycin C application. Both patients underwent trabeculectomy for uncontrolled glaucoma following penetrating keratoplasty and they developed thin-walled cystic blebs. intraocular pressure was normal, and grafts remained clear postoperatively. Severe endophthalmitis with hypopyon developed at 3 and 7 months postoperatively. Both patients had concomitant bleb infection. They underwent vitreous sampling and intravitreal injection of vancomycin and amikacin and were given topical fortified and systemic antibiotic therapy. Intravitreal injection was repeated once in both patients. Cultures grew streptococcus pneumonias in one and staphylococcus aureus in the other. Although the treatment of endophthalmitis was successful in both patients, only one of them achieved useful vision (20/40). For the other patient who had been infected with S. pneumoniae, vision was light perception. Delayed-onset endophthalmitis following trabeculectomy with mitomycin C application is a severe and vision threatening complication. It seems that the development of thin cystic filtering blebs secondary to intraoperative mitomycin C application may be a predisposing factor for bleb-related late endophthalmitis. ( info)

4/585. Antibiotic-induced endotoxemia in a patient with endogenous endophthalmitis.

    PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to describe a case of suspected endotoxin-induced uveitis associated with septic endogenous endophthalmitis followed by antibiotic-induced endotoxemia. methods: The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing of peripheral leukocytes was studied by lymphocytotoxicity technique. Histological and immunohistochemical studies of paraffin embedded specimen were conducted. RESULTS: Findings of HLA typing revealed positive reaction for B 51, Cw 3, DR 8, DR 11, DQ 3. The vitreous body of an eviscerated eye was occupied by the non-specific granulomatous tissue, composed of fibroblast, plasma cells, and sudan black staining positive foamy cells, including melaniferous phagocytes, identified as CD 68 positive macrophage. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that antibiotic-induced endotoxemia of a patient with septic endogenous endophthalmitis produced endotoxin-induced uveitis under an upregulation of HLA and endotoxin activated macrophages may release cytokines, followed by fibrin formation and subsequent granuloma. ( info)

5/585. Late infection of hydroxyapatite orbital implants.

    BACKGROUND: Exposure and minor complications of hydroxyapatite orbital implants are common. infection appears to be rare and fibrovascular ingrowth into hydroxyapatite implants may make infection and extrusion less likely than with other types of orbital implant. methods: We describe three cases of chronic low-grade infection of hydroxyapatite implants, occurring late after apparently uncomplicated surgery, with tiny or inapparent areas of conjunctival loss or exposure. RESULTS: Two of the three cases grew Staphylococcus oureus on culture. All three implants ultimately needed to be removed. A characteristic histological pattern was seen, with abrupt transition between vascularized and abscessed implant. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic infection of hydroxyapatite implants can occur late, in the absence of large conjunctival defects, or other obvious risk factors.While exposure of the implant to pathogens through a breach in the conjunctiva may have been a factor, it appeared that the infection may have arisen in an avascular portion of the implant prior to the conjunctival breakdown in one or more of these cases. ( info)

6/585. alcaligenes xylosoxidans endophthalmitis 8 months after cataract extraction.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of alcaligenes xylosoxidans endophthalmitis and to increase awareness of its potential as an intraocular pathogen. methods: An 80-year-old woman in good general health developed A. xylosoxidans endophthalmitis 8 months after an uncomplicated cataract extraction performed at another institution. Eventually, vitrectomy with removal of the intraocular lens and capsule was performed because of recurrent disease after intravitreal antibiotic injections. RESULTS: Microbiologic examination of the vitreous biopsies and capsule disclosed A. xylosoxidans, a motile, gram-negative rod resistant to many antibiotics. CONCLUSION: A. xylosoxidans should be considered as a cause of low-grade endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. ( info)

7/585. Recurrent anterior uveitis associated with streptococcal pharyngitis in a patient with a history of poststreptococcal syndrome.

    PURPOSE: To provide additional evidence that anterior uveitis can be a manifestation of poststreptococcal syndrome. METHOD: A case report providing follow-up information on a previously described patient. RESULTS: An adolescent girl in whom anterior uveitis was the only manifestation of poststreptococcal syndrome subsequently developed recurrent anterior uveitis after another episode of streptococcal pharyngitis. CONCLUSION: Anterior uveitis can recur in a manner similar to other manifestations of poststreptococcal syndrome after reinfection with group A streptococci. ( info)

8/585. A case of an intraocular foreign body due to graphite pencil lead complicated by endophthalmitis.

    We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with an intraocular foreign body composed of graphite pencil lead. The patient had been accidentally poked in the right eye with a graphite pencil. Primary care consisted of corneal suturing and lens extraction. Two pieces of the pencil lead remained in the vitreous cavity following surgery, and 2 days later the patient developed endophthalmitis. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed immediately and the intraocular foreign bodies were removed through the scleral wound. Cultures of the vitreous fluid revealed no bacterial organisms. X-ray fluoroscopic analysis of the vitreous detected 1 ppm of aluminum (a constituent of the pencil lead). Although the clinical presentation indicated probable bacterial endophthalmitis, the detection of elemental aluminum within the vitreous cavity also suggested the possibility of further retinal toxicity due to some dissolving of the pencil lead. ( info)

9/585. Streptococcal keratitis after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis.

    A 24-year-old healthy male underwent uncomplicated laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in left eye. One day after the surgery, he complained of ocular pain and multiple corneal stromal infiltrates had developed in left eye. Immediately, the corneal interface and stromal bed were cleared, and maximal antibiotic treatments with fortified tobramycin (1.2%) and cefazolin (5%) were given topically. The causative organism was identified as 'streptococcus viridans' both on smear and culture. Two days after antibiotic therapy was initiated, the ocular inflammation and corneal infiltrates had regressed and ocular pain was relieved. One month later, the patient's best corrected visual acuity had returned to 20/20 with -0.75 -1.00 x 10 degrees, however minimal stromal scarring still remained. This case demonstrates that microbial keratitis after LASIK, if treated promptly, does not lead to a permanent reduction in visual acuity. ( info)

10/585. Exposure of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene-wrapped hydroxyapatite orbital implant: a report of two patients.

    PURPOSE: Hydroxyapatite (HA) spheres used to replace volume after an enucleation are often wrapped with autologous tissue before orbital implantation. Man-made materials are less expensive and pose no risk for viral transmission. The use of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) to wrap HA spheres was evaluated. methods: The medical records of 2 consecutive patients who underwent uncomplicated implantation of an HA sphere wrapped in ePTFE were reviewed. RESULTS: An unusual reaction to the ePTFE material that was nonresponsive to topical or systemic antibiotic therapy developed in these 2 patients. Eventual wound erosion and bacterial infection of the implant necessitated its removal. CONCLUSIONS: Although well tolerated in other surgeries, ePTFE, when used to wrap HA spheres and placed into the orbit, may cause persistent conjunctival discharge, pyogenic granuloma formation, and eventual wound erosion. Therefore, the use of this material to wrap HA spheres is not recommended. ( info)
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