Cases reported "Eye Infections, Parasitic"

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1/6. South American cutaneous leishmaniasis of the eyelids: report of five cases in Rio de Janeiro State, brazil.

    PURPOSE: To describe American cutaneous leishmaniasis of the eyelids and highlight the main clinical and diagnostic features of lesions, which are rare in this location. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series methods: Leishmanin skin test, touch preparations, histopathologic analysis, and culture in appropriate media were used for clinical confirmation and parasitologic diagnosis. Positive cultures were identified by the iso-enzymes technique. All patients were treated with pentavalent antimony applied intramuscularly. RESULTS: Leishmanin skin test was positive in all five patients. touch preparations, histopathologic analysis, and culture were performed in four patients. touch preparations were positive (presence of Leishman's bodies) in two patients; histopathologic analysis showed a granulomatous infiltrate in four patients and parasite was present in two patients; culture was positive in three patients, and in two the parasite was identified as Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. Therapy was effective for all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Cutaneous leishmaniasis of the eyelids is uncommon in the americas. The disease may present diagnostic difficulties when appearing in nonendemic areas. The clues for diagnosis are the clinical aspect of lesions, the epidemiologic data, and a positive Leishmanin skin test. Demonstration of parasite is not always possible. Pentavalent antimonial compounds are the therapy of choice. Formerly, transmission of leishmaniasis occurred only when humans penetrated forested areas and became an incidental host. Now, eyelid lesions are part of the changing pattern in the transmission of the disease. With the increase in ecotourism, these lesions may begin to be seen in air travelers returning to other parts of the world.
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keywords = leishmaniasis
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2/6. Successful treatment of ocular leishmaniasis.

    PURPOSE: To report successful treatment of a case of ocular leishmaniasis with combined stibogluconate and allupurinol. METHOD: A 32-year-old physician developed a non-tender reddish chalazion like lesion in his right lower lid, associated with conjunctivitis and nodular episcleritis. biopsy of the lesion in his eyelid and conjunctiva disclosed a dense inflammatory response including histiocytes containing typical leishmania organisms. RESULT: Therapy with stibogluconate, both intralesional and intramuscular, was initiated with some improvement. However recurrence of the lesion occurred. Systemic retreatment with combined stibogluconate and allupurinol led to complete healing of the lesion. CONCLUSION: Ocular leishmaniasis is a rare and potentially blinding disorder. Combined stibogluconate and allupurinol may be an effective therapy in such cases.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = leishmaniasis
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3/6. Concurrent cutaneous, visceral and ocular leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in a kidney transplant patient.

    Although cases of leishmaniasis co-infection have been described in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients as well as those who have undergone organ transplants, to our knowledge, the present report is the first documented case of simultaneous cutaneous, visceral and ocular leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in a transplant patient. The patient had been using immunosuppressive drugs since receiving a transplanted kidney. The first clinical signs of leishmaniasis included fever, thoracic pain, hepatosplenomegaly, leucopenia and anemia. The cutaneous disease was revealed by the presence of amastigotes in the skin biopsy. After three months, the patient presented fever with conjunctive hyperemia, intense ocular pain and low visual acuity. parasites isolated from iliac crest, aqueous humor and vitreous body were examined using a range of molecular techniques. The same strain of L. (V.) braziliensis was responsible for the different clinical manifestations. The immunosuppressive drugs probably contributed to the dissemination of Leishmania.
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keywords = leishmaniasis
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4/6. Intraretinal hemorrhage associated with leishmaniasis.

    A 39-year-old man presented with sudden loss of visual acuity caused by two retinal hemorrhages with no choroidal neovascularization (confirmed by fluorescein angiography). The patient was hospitalized for malaise, progressive pancytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, progressive anemia, and perianal inflammation. Positive serologies were obtained for toxoplasmosis (IgG) and Leishmania (1/160). A diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis was made, and the patient was treated with pentavalent antimonials. Two months later, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25, with no residual scotoma. Indirect ophthalmoscopy showed complete resolution of the hemorrhages. This patient was an otherwise healthy immunocompetent adult who presented frank visceral leishmaniasis and retinal hemorrhages as the only ocular or systemic hemorrhagic findings, with spontaneous resolution after improvement of platelet levels. This rare cause of macular hemorrhage should be considered in areas where Leishmania is endemic.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = leishmaniasis
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5/6. Two cases of ocular leishmaniasis.

    Two cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis with ocular involvement are presented. The diagnostic difficulty, the possible complications and the importance of a correct diagnosis of such cases is discussed in the light of the cases presented and of previous similar case reports.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = leishmaniasis
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6/6. Bilateral ptosis and lower eyelid ectropion secondary to cutaneous leishmaniasis.

    A 73-year-old white woman had a 14-month history of an extensive, disfiguring facial lesion involving the cheeks, nose, and eyelids, resulting in exposure keratopathy. A biopsy of the facial lesion established the diagnosis of cutaneous leishmania, and the lesion responded to treatment with itraconazole.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = leishmaniasis
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