Cases reported "Eye Infections, Viral"

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1/165. Coxsackievirus B4 as a cause of adult chorioretinitis.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and course of chorioretinitis presumed to be secondary to coxsackievirus infection in an adult. METHOD: Case report documented by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: Ophthalmoscopic examination of a symptomatic 34-year-old woman showed several cream-colored parafoveal spots at the level of the retinal pigment epithelium and similar, multiple confluent spots in the midperiphery of both eyes. Titers for coxsackievirus B4 demonstrated a fourfold rise between acute and convalescent sera. CONCLUSION: Coxsackievirus B4 is apparently a rare cause of chorioretinitis but nevertheless should be considered in the appropriate clinical setting. ( info)

2/165. central serous chorioretinopathy and hiv.

    BACKGROUND: Patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) have sudden-onset, painless, uniocular blur that is typically diagnosed via fundus and fluorescein angiographic appearance. The etiology and pathophysiology are not fully understood; however, there may be an association with an infectious etiology. This article presents two cases of hiv-positive patients in whom central serous chorioretinopathy developed and discusses the possible relationship between the two cases. The differential diagnosis, clinical features, angiographic appearance, management options, and proposed etiologies of CSC will be presented. case reports: A 34-year-old black man hiv reported to the eye clinic with decreased vision in his right eye. A diagnosis of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) was made on the basis of the clinical and fluorescein appearance. He is currently being monitored for resolution. A 44-year-old black man with profoundly compromised immunity also came to the eye clinic with CSC and hiv retinopathy. He later progressed to CMV retinitis and subsequently died. CONCLUSION: Although considered in many cases to be idiopathic, central serous chorioretinopathy has been associated with infectious etiologies, one of which could be hiv. ( info)

3/165. Clinical course of HTLV-I-associated uveitis.

    PURPOSE: To define the long-term clinical course and visual outcome of human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated uveitis (HAU). methods: We reviewed the clinical data on 96 eyes of 70 patients, 26 men and 44 women, with HAU, with specific reference to recurrence of the disease and long-term visual outcome. The mean follow-up period was 83 months (range, 12-276 months). RESULTS: The mean age of onset was 42.8 years (range, 7-78 years of age), with men presenting at a significantly younger age. Forty-seven patients had isolated HAU; in 10 patients, HTLV-I-associated myelopathy occurred before or after the onset of HAU; in 14 patients, hyperthyroidism had preceded HAU. A single episode of mild to moderate acute uveal inflammation with resolution in a few weeks or more occurred in 44 (62.9%) patients, and multiple episodes in 26 (37.1%), with a mean interval of 16 months (range, 1-250 months), which affected the same eye, fellow eye, or both. The majority of patients had favorable visual outcome at the last examination, whereas only a few patients suffered poor vision resulting from steroid cataract and retinochoroidal degeneration. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical course of HAU is virtually benign and its visual outcome is favorable, although its recurrence is common. The uveitis is usually isolated and affects a portion of otherwise unremarkable HTLV-I carriers, but it may sometimes be manifest as a symptom of syndromic diseases such as HTLV-I-associated myelopathy or hyperthyroidism. This study describes for the first time cases of HAU that occurred many years before manifestation of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. ( info)

4/165. Conjunctival lymphocytic infiltrates associated with Epstein-Barr virus.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinicopathologic features of two patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated conjunctival lymphocytic infiltrates. DESIGN: Two case reports. methods: The clinical histories and pathologic findings of two patients with salmon-colored conjunctival infiltrates are described. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Clinical observation and pathologic examination of conjunctival biopsy specimens with accompanying immunohistochemical staining, flow cytometric immunophenotyping, and polymerase chain reaction analysis when appropriate. RESULTS: One patient had ipsilateral preauricular lymphadenopathy, elevated serum EBV titers, and a unilateral reactive lymphocytic infiltrate resulting in a conjunctival mass. The other patient had bilateral conjunctival lymphocytic infiltrates causing conjunctival masses. There was an expanded clonal population of B lymphocytes in the conjunctival mass in the second patient. Both patients had EBV antigen in their conjunctival lymphocytic infiltrates. CONCLUSIONS: Conjunctival lymphocytic lesions associated with EBV represent a spectrum of reactive infiltrates to monoclonal populations. ( info)

5/165. HSV-1--induced acute retinal necrosis syndrome presenting with severe inflammatory orbitopathy, proptosis, and optic nerve involvement.

    OBJECTIVE: To present a unique case in which orbital inflammation, proptosis, and optic neuritis were the initial symptoms of acute retinal necrosis (ARN). The clinical presentation of ARN, as well as the currently recommended diagnostic procedures and guidelines for medical treatment of ARN, are summarized. DESIGN: Interventional case report. TESTING: polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques were made on the vitreous for cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus, and toxoplasmosis. A full laboratory evaluation was made together with HLA-typing and serologic tests measuring convalescent titers for HSV and other micro-organisms. magnetic resonance imaging scan, computed tomography (CT) scan, and fluorescein angiographic examination were performed. The patient was treated with acyclovir and oral prednisone. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The patient was evaluated for initial and final visual acuity and for degree of proptosis, periocular edema, and vitreitis. RESULTS: The first symptoms and signs of ARN were eye pain, headache, proptosis, and a swollen optic nerve on CT scan. Other than increased c-reactive protein, all blood samples were normal. PCR was positive for HSV-type I in two separate vitreous biopsies. The patient had the strongly ARN-related specificity HLA-DQ7. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of HSV-induced ARN presenting with inflammatory orbitopathy and optic neuritis. polymerase chain reaction for HSV-1 was positive more than 4 weeks after debut of symptoms, which is a new finding. The combination of severe vitreitis and retinal whitening, with or without proptosis, should alert the clinician to the possibility of herpes infection and treatment with intravenous acyclovir started promptly. ( info)

6/165. Epstein-Barr virus dacryoadenitis.

    PURPOSE:To describe the clinical features of lacrimal gland inflammation associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. methods:The clinical records, laboratory data, and radiographs of patients who had inflammation of one or both lacrimal glands that had begun less than 4 weeks previously were reviewed.RESULTS:Sixteen patients with dacryoadenitis were encountered between 1980 and 1996, a cumulative frequency of approximately one case per 10,000 new ophthalmic outpatients. Six individuals had serologic or other evidence of recent Epstein-Barr virus infection and were distinguished by the presence of regional lymphadenopathy, no purulent discharge, and a duration of symptoms of 6 weeks. CONCLUSION:Epstein-Barr virus is a probable cause of unilateral and bilateral dacryoadenitis in young adults. ( info)

7/165. Monofocal outer retinitis associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by coxsackievirus.

    PURPOSE: To report symptoms and signs from an otherwise healthy man with photopsia and monofocal outer retinitis occurring 3 days after the onset of hand, foot, and mouth disease. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: Ophthalmic examination revealed a single circumscribed area of pigment epithelial mottling in the left eye and a corresponding nonarcuate absolute scotoma. fluorescein angiography demonstrated attenuation of the retinal pigment epithelium. serologic tests at 1 month after the onset disclosed serum antibody to enterovirus. CONCLUSION: The close association between the cutaneous eruption and the onset of visual symptoms suggests that the retinal lesion was caused by coxsackievirus infection. ( info)

8/165. Progressive outer retinal necrosis caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To identify the etiologic agent of rapidly progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) in a 32-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), who had retinitis developed from cytomegalovirus (CMV). Multiple yellowish spots appeared in the deep retina without evidence of intraocular inflammation or retinal vasculitis, diagnosed clinically as PORN. death occurred after failure of multiple organs. DESIGN: Case report. methods: Both globes were taken at autopsy, fixed in formalin, and examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically to identify causative agents in the retinal lesions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: All layers of the retina were severely damaged and contained focal calcification. Cytomegalic inclusion bodies were found in cells in the damaged retina of the right eye. Immunohistochemical studies for herpesviruses revealed the presence of CMV antigens in the right retina at the posterior pole and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specific antigen in the periphery of both retinas. No varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antigen was detected in either retina. CONCLUSIONS: PORN has been described as a variant of necrotizing herpetic retinopathy, occurring particularly in patients with AIDS. Although the etiologic agent has been reported to be VZV, HSV-1 can be an etiologic agent. ( info)

9/165. Presumed parvovirus B19-associated retinal pigment epitheliopathy.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient with a white dot syndrome associated with acute erythema infectiosum. methods: A patient with a clinical history of erythema infectiosum and multifocal punctate white lesions at the level of the retinal pigment epithelium was followed up for an 8-month interval. serum was tested for immunoglobulin m (IgM) and IgG antibodies to parvovirus B19 at the time of the initial evaluation and during convalescence using an indirect immunofluorescence antibody technique. Serial photographs and fluorescein angiograms were obtained. RESULTS: IgM and IgG antibodies to parvovirus were detected in the serum at the time of initial evaluation; IgM antibodies had disappeared but IgG antibodies persisted in serum obtained at 1-month follow-up. Fundus evaluation revealed clinical disappearance of some lesions, with increased pigmentation of others over the course of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The authors have identified an adult patient who presented with a white dot syndrome associated with acute erythema infectiosum documented by serologically proved parvovirus B19 infection. ( info)

10/165. Paediatric chiasmal neuritis--typical of post-Epstein-Barr virus infection?

    A case of chiasmal neuritis with bilateral, asymmetric optic nerve involvement is presented. association with recent Epstein-Barr virus infection is suggested. The clinical picture, possible aetiological factors, and causative relation to Epstein-Barr virus are presented. ( info)
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