Cases reported "Eye Infections"

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1/30. Post-traumatic endophthalmitis: causative organisms and visual outcome.

    PURPOSE: Post-traumatic endophthalmitis makes up a distinct subset of intraocular infections. The purpose of the present study was to identify the causative organisms and record the visual outcome after infectious endophthalmitis in eyes with penetrating trauma. methods: We reviewed 18 consecutive cases of culture-positive endophthalmitis that developed after penetrating ocular trauma. All cases were treated with pars plana vitrectomy and intravenous and intraocular antibiotics. RESULTS: The 15 males and 3 females ranged in age from 4 to 43 years (mean 25.1 /- 11 years). Nine (50%) had intraocular foreign bodies. A single species was isolated in 16 cases, and multiple organisms in two. staphylococcus epidermidis and gram-negative organisms were the most frequent and were cultured either alone or in association with other organisms in respectively five (27.7%) and four cases (22.2%). clostridium perfringens was isolated in three cases (16.6%). bacillus was not found as a cause of endophthalmitis. Final visual acuity was better than 20/400 in eight cases (44%). In five cases (27.7%), the eye was saved but visual acuity was counting fingers. Two eyes (11%) had no light perception. The remaining three eyes (16.6%) were enucleated or eviscerated. clostridium perfringens was isolated from two eyes and aspergillus niger from one. Postoperative retinal detachment developed in four eyes, which were successfully operated. CONCLUSIONS: Organisms isolated in this series were similar to those in previous reports of post-traumatic endophthalmitis from other parts of the world, except that the frequency of clostridium perfringens isolation was high and no bacillus species were cultured. In view of its devastating outcome, post-traumatic endophthalmitis must be treated promptly with vitrectomy and intravitreal antibiotics. ( info)

2/30. The treatment of pseudomonas keratoscleritis after pterygium excision.

    PURPOSE: To assess the effect of intensive topical and intravenous antibiotics plus oral prednisolone and surgical debridement in pseudomonas keratoscleritis after pterygium excision. methods: We describe three cases of P. aeruginosa-induced keratoscleritis occurring 10 days to 18 months after uncomplicated pterygium excision. Treatment included early conjunctival debridement, topical and intravenous antibiotics, and low-dosage oral prednisolone. RESULTS: All three patients responded to the combined therapy. Microorganisms were eliminated, and ulcers were healed within 8 weeks. Treatment was not extended beyond that, and infection did not recur. No evisceration was required. The patients' best corrected visual acuities are 20/200, 20/400, and 20/120, respectively. CONCLUSION: early diagnosis and prompt, intensive medical and surgical treatment may save a patient's vision and forestall evisceration. ( info)

3/30. Delayed orbital infection after endoscopic orbital decompression for dysthyroid orbitopathy.

    OBJECTIVE: To present a delayed complication of endoscopic orbital decompression that has not been reported previously in the literature. DESIGN: Retrospective non-comparative small case series. PARTICIPANTS: Three patients with dysthyroid orbitopathy. INTERVENTION: The medical records of patients with dysthyroid orbitopathy who underwent endoscopic orbital decompression and subsequently developed orbital infection were reviewed. RESULTS: Three patients with dysthyroid orbitopathy developed orbital infection (cellulitis or abscess) originating from the frontal sinus more than 2 years after their endoscopic orbital decompression surgery. Management required drainage of the abscess, administration of antibiotics, and creation of adequate frontal sinus drainage. CONCLUSIONS: Delayed orbital infection can occur after endoscopic orbital decompression for dysthyroid orbitopathy when the frontal sinus ostium is obstructed by orbital fat or scar tissue. infection within the frontal sinus can cause secondary orbital cellulitis or abscess. Early signs and symptoms of a frontal sinus infection can be easily misdiagnosed as progression of the patient's thyroid eye disease. awareness of this possible complication followed by appropriate early intervention will prevent a potentially blinding condition. Furthermore, ever since this complication was observed, the authors' surgical technique of endoscopic decompression has been modified to leave the most anterosuperior portion of the lamina papyracea to prevent fat prolapse and scar formation into the region of the frontal recess. ( info)

4/30. Polymicrobial keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of polymicrobial infectious keratitis in one eye of a patient who had undergone bilateral simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). methods: A 21-year-old healthy female developed infectious keratitis in her right eye after bilateral LASIK surgery. Material obtained from the infective foci was sent for bacterial and fungal cultures and herpes simplex virus antigen detection, and broad spectrum antimicrobial therapy was instituted. RESULTS: staphylococcus epidermidis and fusarium solani were detected on culture and herpes simplex virus antigen was found to be positive. The patient did not respond to medical therapy and subsequently the ulcer perforated. A therapeutic keratoplasty was performed and the final best-corrected visual acuity was 20/40, 1 month after keratoplasty. CONCLUSION: Polymicrobial infectious keratitis, although rare, is a potential sight-threatening complication of LASIK. ( info)

5/30. Infectious keratitis after laser refractive surgery.

    PURPOSE: To report two cases of infectious keratitis, one fungal after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and the other bacterial after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). DESIGN: Two interventional case reports. PARTICIPANTS: Case 1 is a male who was seen 3 weeks after PRK with a corneal ulceration. Case 2 involves a female who was seen 7 weeks after LASIK with interface granularity. RESULTS: Cultures in case 1 were identified as scopulariopsis species, and despite intensive treatment, a therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (PK) was eventually performed. Case 2 had cultures identified as mycobacterium chelonae and also ultimately required a therapeutic PK. CONCLUSIONS: Two unusual infectious keratitides are reported after different laser refractive surgery techniques. ( info)

6/30. Diagnostic yield of vitrectomy in eyes with suspected posterior segment infection or malignancy.

    PURPOSE: To determine the yield of diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy in eyes with suspected posterior segment inflammation or malignancy when clinical examination and systemic laboratory testing did not yield a specific diagnosis. DESIGN: Non-comparative interventional case series PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients (90 eyes) who underwent diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy from 1989 through 1999. INTERVENTIONS: Vitreous samples were analyzed in a directed manner based on the preoperative clinical examination and systemic laboratory testing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnosis from each test performed on the vitreous samples. RESULTS: Diagnostic vitrectomy was performed alone in 6 eyes (7%) and as part of a therapeutic procedure in the remaining 84 eyes. The diagnostic tests performed most frequently included cytopathology (83%), microbiologic culture and sensitivity (43%), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (36%), and intraocular antibody levels for T. canis (14%). Of these, intraocular antibody testing and PCR had the highest positive yield, 46% and 39%, respectively. overall, directed vitreous analysis identified a specific cause in 35 eyes (39%). Of the 65 cases in which an underlying infection was suspected preoperatively, the procedure yielded a specific diagnosis in 27 (42%). When intraocular malignancy was considered preoperatively (71 eyes), a diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma was obtained in seven (10%). This difference between these diagnostic yields was significant (P = 0.02, Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic vitrectomy with directed vitreous fluid analysis yields a specific cause and guides subsequent therapy in a high percentage of cases. This procedure is a valuable adjunct in cases that cannot be diagnosed by less invasive methods. ( info)

7/30. smallpox vaccine adverse events among civilians--united states, February 25-March 3, 2003.

    During the civilian smallpox vaccination program, CDC, the food and Drug Administration, and state health departments are conducting surveillance for vaccine-associated adverse events. In the first stage of the program, active surveillance is being conducted for potentially life-threatening, moderate-to-severe, and other serious adverse events and for vaccinia transmission to contacts of vaccinees (Table). Nonserious events are reported through passive surveillance and are expected to be underreported. This report summarizes smallpox vaccine adverse events reported among civilians vaccinated as of February 28, 2003, and among contacts of vaccinees, received by CDC from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) as of March 3. ( info)

8/30. Acquired lacrimal drainage obstruction: an etiologic classification system, case reports, and a review of the literature. Part 1.

    The cause of acquired lacrimal drainage obstruction may be primary or secondary. Primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction results from inflammation of unknown cause that eventually leads to occlusive fibrosis. Secondary acquired lacrimal drainage obstruction, the theme of this report, may result from a wide variety of infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, traumatic, or mechanical causes. An etiologic classification system for acquired lacrimal drainage obstruction is proposed, and it is illustrated by representative patients from the author's practice and discussed with reference to published reports. ( info)

9/30. Periorbital swelling: the important distinction between allergy and infection.

    orbital cellulitis and abscess formation are rare complications of sinusitis, however acute orbital inflammation is secondary to sinusitis in about 70% of cases. Delay in diagnosis must not occur to avoid serious complications such as blindness and life threatening intracranial sepsis. A case is reported in which despite late referral, emergency surgical intervention was sight saving. ( info)

10/30. Bacillary angiomatosis with cytomegaloviral and mycobacterial infections of the palpebral conjunctiva in a patient with AIDS.

    We report the clinical and histopathologic findings of bacillary angiomatosis involving the palpebral conjunctiva with concomitant infection by cytomegalovirus and Mycobacterium species in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. After debulking, the conjunctival tissue was studied with the use of light and electron microscopy; stains for bacteria, acid-fast bacilli, and bartonella species; and immunohistochemical studies for cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus. We observed the typical histopathologic findings of bacillary angiomatosis, the presence of bacilli stained by the Steiner and Steiner method, and the electron microscopic demonstration of bacilli consistent with bartonella species. immunohistochemistry confirmed infection with cytomegalovirus, which had been suggested by characteristic cytologic abnormalities. Acid-fast bacilli were also found in the excised tissue. patients with bacillary angiomatosis of the conjunctiva may have infections with multiple additional microorganisms. ( info)
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