Cases reported "Eye Infections"

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1/4. Transpalpebral migration of solid silicone explant in a phthisical globe.

    A rare case of transpalpebral migration of a solid silicone explant associated with polymicrobial infection in a pthisical eye is described. The condition resolved completely after surgical removal, wound repair, and antibiotic therapy.
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keywords = wound
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2/4. Spectrum of clear corneal incision cataract wound infection.

    PURPOSE: To describe the presentation, management, and outcome of 5 patients who presented with main-port or side-port wound infection after uneventful clear corneal cataract surgery. SETTING: Ophthalmic Surgery Centre, Chatswood, and Department of ophthalmology, Prince of wales Hospital, Randwick, australia, and Moorfields eye Hospital NHS Foundation trust, london, United Kingdom. methods: This retrospective case series comprised 5 patients who had uneventful clear corneal phacoemulsification surgery and developed either a main-port or side-port wound infection. The clinical features, microbiologic studies, management, and results are reported. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 79 years. Infection of the main-port incision occurred in 3 cases and of the side port in 2 cases. The patients presented from a few days to several weeks after uneventful phacoemulsification. In 2 cases, the bacteria pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus were isolated. In 1 case, the fungus aspergillus was isolated and required extensive medical and surgical treatment. In the other 2 cases; empiric antimicrobial therapy was given because no organism was isolated in 1 case, and in the other milder case, microbiological investigations were not performed. Final visual acuity was 6/4 in 2 cases and 6/5, 6/12, and 6/18 in 1 case each. CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial or fungal wound infection can present within days or even several weeks following clear corneal cataract surgery. patients with ocular discomfort or blurred vision after such surgery should be advised to report promptly. Rapid identification and appropriate management of patients with clear corneal wound infection can result in good visual outcomes.
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ranking = 2736.4441802816
keywords = wound infection, wound
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3/4. incidence of delayed onset infection after trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C or 5-fluorouracil treatment.

    AIMS/BACKGROUND: The introduction of the adjunctive use of antiproliferatives to trabeculectomy has greatly improved the success rate of this operation. trabeculectomy with antiproliferative treatment, however, is usually associated with a cystic and thin walled filtering bleb, which may be more susceptible to infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical findings, and risk factors of delayed onset, bleb related infection after trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C (MMC) or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment. methods: The records of 632 glaucoma patients who underwent 966 trabeculectomies, with and without the use of adjunctive MMC or 5-FU treatment, between January 1985 and February 1995 were analysed. The mean follow up period was 3.5 (2.4) years (range 0.1 to 11.2 years). The mean patient age was 54.8 (18.8) years (range 0 to 88 years). RESULTS: Bleb related infection occurred in one of 76 trabeculectomies that did not receive antiproliferatives (1.3%), three of 228 treated with 5-FU (1.3%) trabeculectomies, and seven of 662 treated with MMC (1.1%). Five eyes developed blebitis; six eyes developed endophthalmitis. Bleb related infection developed an average of 3.1 (1.6) (range 0.4 to 6.0) years after trabeculectomy. All eyes had avascular or hypovascular blebs that were cystic in shape before infection and all eyes had reduced intraocular pressure. Early wound leaks and chronic, intermittent bleb leaks were identified to be risk factors for the bleb related infection. CONCLUSION: The incidence of delayed onset, bleb related infection after trabeculectomy with antiproliferative treatment is similar to that after trabeculectomy without antiproliferatives.
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ranking = 1
keywords = wound
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4/4. Unusual orbital foreign bodies.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of patients with unusual orbital foreign bodies. methods: The clinical histories, preoperative photographs, imaging studies, and surgical pathologic findings of five patients with unusual orbital foreign bodies are presented. Additionally, published reports pertaining to similar cases were reviewed. RESULTS: The five patients treated by the authors had good outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: An orbital foreign body may be overlooked because a small penetrating wound may be accompanied by minimal or no signs of inflammation early in the clinical course. A careful history and physical examination, imaging studies, and a strong suspicion are helpful for establishing the diagnosis of an orbital foreign body.
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ranking = 1
keywords = wound
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