1/1. pneumocephalus and presumed meningitis following inconspicuous penetrating periocular trauma.PURPOSE: To report a case of serious intracranial complications in an adolescent youth following a seemingly trivial periocular injury. methods: An adolescent youth was examined and discharged after a small penetrating injury to his left medial canthus. He later presented with blurred vision, nausea and mild pyrexia and underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan of the head and orbits as well as a lumbar puncture. RESULTS: The CT scan revealed a fracture in the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone and the medial orbital wall, as well as pneumocephalus. The lumbar puncture revealed 3000 white cells/mm3 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). After treatment with meningitic doses of intravenous antibiotics, a significant improvement was noted. CONCLUSIONS: A CT scan, instead of an ordinary head radiograph, may be considered as a first-choice mode of diagnosis in evaluating even inconspicuous penetrating periocular wounds. Early administration of meningitic doses of antibiotics may significantly improve prognosis.
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keywords = puncture
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