Cases reported "Eye Neoplasms"

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1/143. Iridocorneal melanoma associated with type 1 neurofibromatosis: a clinicopathologic study.

    OBJECTIVE: A clinicopathologic study of an iridocorneal melanoma associated with type 1 (peripheral) neurofibromatosis is presented. DESIGN: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation. PARTICIPANT: A 32-year-old white woman with type 1 neurofibromatosis presented with long-standing blindness of her right eye due to diffuse intrastromal brown corneal discoloration. INTERVENTION: The patient underwent penetrating keratoplasty and the corneal button was inspected. RESULTS: Histopathologic evaluation of the corneal button after penetrating keratoplasty revealed an intrastromal mixed-type malignant melanoma, which stained positively with HMB-45 and S-100 protein and spared the corneal epithelium and limbus. The corneal graft remained transparent, with best-corrected visual acuity of 20/30. Twenty-two months after surgery, the tumor involved the anterior chamber angle and the iris. Three years later, it caused refractory glaucoma necessitating enucleation. The iris tumor did not extend beyond the iris-lens diaphragm and showed the same cytologic features as the corneal stromal tumor. CONCLUSION: To our best knowledge, this is the first report of iridocorneal melanoma associated with peripheral neurofibromatosis. The location of the tumor in the deep corneal stroma, without initial macroscopic involvement of the angle or iris, may suggest that the corneal portion of the tumor may have developed "in situ" rather than as an extension of iris melanoma. The common origin of melanoma cells and schwann cells from the neural crest and the proliferation of the schwann cells in neurofibromatosis provides additional support for this hypothesis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
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2/143. Malignant melanoma of the choroid in neurofibromatosis.

    A 60-year-old white woman with generalized neurofibromatosis and multiple melanocytic hamartomas of the iris developed an unusual choroidal mass, with secondary sensory retinal separation in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopically the tumor had a peculiar donut configuration that was caused by a large focus of central necrosis within a spindle B melanoma.
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ranking = 0.50828858331505
keywords = melanoma
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3/143. listeria monocytogenes endophthalmitis with a black hypopyon.

    A 68-year-old woman had a marked decrease in visual acuity, increased intraocular pressure, and acute iridocyclitis. She developed a pigmented hypopyon simulating an occult intraocular melanoma. Two anterior chamber paracenteses showed growth of listeria monocytogenes. The patient received systemic intravenous penicillin, topical fortified gentamicin sulfate drops, and intraocular injections of cephaloridine. On discharge from the hospital after a two-week stay, visual acuity had improved and intraocular pressure had decreased.
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ranking = 0.10165771666301
keywords = melanoma
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4/143. blindness as a consequence of a paraneoplastic syndrome in a woman with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.

    BACKGROUND: paraneoplastic syndromes are rare conditions associated with cancer that result in serious disease states at unique sites. In 1982, a report of bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation associated with nonocular cancers which resulted in blindness was reported. We present a case of a woman with recurrent ovarian cancer who developed this paraneoplastic syndrome. CASE: A 55-year-old woman had been diagnosed in 1990 with an ocular melanoma of her right eye and in 1994 with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. With recurrence of ovarian cancer, new eye lesions were identified in both eyes. After enulcleation of her right eye, an ocular melanoma and diffuse bilateral melanocytic proliferation (BDUMP) were found. The sight in her left eye continued to deteriorate as other signs of BDUMP occurred in the eye. Within 1 month of diagnosis, the patient was blind. She subsequently succumbed to progression of ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Recurrent ovarian cancer is usually an intraabdominal disease that results in gastrointestinal dysfunction. This case illustrates a rare paraneoplastic syndrome associated with ovarian cancer that mimics metastatic disease to the eye, but has a different pathophysiology.
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ranking = 0.20331543332602
keywords = melanoma
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5/143. Proton irradiation of malignant melanoma of the ciliary body.

    This is our first case of malignant melanoma of the ciliary body treated with proton beam irradiation, a technique that we developed for irradiating choroidal melanomas. After 21 months of follow-up no growth of the tumour has been observed, and shrinkage of the tumour was noted on the follow-up photographs and by ultrasonography. The 32P uptake test, which was positive before treatment, turned negative 14 months after irradiation. The described technique of proton beam irradiation might offer an alternative for the treatment of ciliary body melanomas when the present techniques of iridocyclectomy cannot be applied because of the size of the lesion.
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ranking = 1.1370067668056
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
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6/143. adenoma of the pigmented ciliary epithelium: ultrastructural and immunohistochemical findings.

    We report the clinical and histological findings in a tumor of the pigmented ciliary epithelium. The tumor was detected because it had caused a unilateral cataract, and it was removed by local resection because a malignant melanoma could not be excluded. The diagnosis was established by light microscopy, and additional immunohistochemical and detailed ultrastructural studies were performed. The so-called foam cells which are considered typical of these adenomas appear to be mostly light microscopic artifacts and had no ultrastructural equivalent in the sections examined from our tumor. Our results also strongly support the hypothesis that no true glandular elements are formed and that, apart from the neoplastic tissue architecture, most of the pathological findings are related to melanosomes.
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ranking = 0.18673826669592
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
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7/143. Compound nevus of the cornea simulating a foreign body.

    PURPOSE: To report a corneal nevus, without conjunctival involvement, that clinically simulated a metallic foreign body. methods: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation. RESULTS: A 22-year-old man developed a superficial pigmented lesion of his left cornea. It was suspected to be a chronically retained foreign body, but a melanocytic neoplasm could not be excluded. The lesion was removed by lamellar keratectomy and proved histopathologically to be a compound nevus of the cornea, without conjunctival involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Melanocytic nevus can rarely occur in the cornea. Involvement of the cornea by a melanocytic lesion does not necessarily imply a malignant melanoma.
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ranking = 0.18673826669592
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
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8/143. Amelanotic corneal melanoma after a blast injury.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of a corneal melanoma after trauma. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 68-year-old man sustained an ocular injury from a blast furnace explosion in 1958. In 1998, he underwent a penetrating keratoplasty for a corneal scar. Histologic examination and cell markers of the host button revealed intrastromal and subepithelial melanoma. No clinical or microscopic evidence of adjacent conjunctival or uveal melanoma was found. CONCLUSION: melanoma of the cornea can present as a stromal opacity after trauma.
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ranking = 0.71160401664107
keywords = melanoma
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9/143. Two cases of primary malignant melanoma of the lacrimal sac.

    BACKGROUND: Malignancy of the lacrimal sac is rare, and primary malignant melanoma in this region is extremely rare. methods: We report two cases of malignant melanoma of the lacrimal sac presented with epiphora and a palpable mass in the medial canthal area. We performed radical surgery and radiation therapy. RESULTS: The light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic studies confirmed the diagnosis. One of the patients, a 65-year-old-woman, has no evidence of recurrence or distant metastasis 3 years after surgery and radiotherapy, whereas another patient, a 56-year-old man, died of distant metastasis 6 months after surgery and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: We present two cases of malignant melanoma of the lacrimal sac that masqueraded as chronic dacryocystitis. head and neck surgeons should be aware of this disease entity when encountered with patients with epiphora and mass in the medial canthal area.
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ranking = 1.3071678668714
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
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10/143. Sentinel node biopsy for orbital and ocular adnexal tumors.

    PURPOSE: To describe a technique for sentinel node mapping and biopsy in patients with orbital or adnexal tumors. methods: Five patients with orbital and adnexal tumors were studied. Two patients had malignant eyelid melanomas (one of the skin and one of the conjunctiva), one with orbital invasion. Two patients had sebaceous gland carcinoma, and one patient had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva; 500 microCi of technetium-99m sulfur nanocolloid (Nycomed Amersham, Princeton, NJ) diluted to 1.0 mL was injected intradermally at the lateral canthus. The patients were positioned as they would be during surgery. lymphoscintigraphy was performed by means of anterior, lateral, and oblique views. The tracer was followed to the first lymphatic basin, and the sentinel node was identified. Cutaneous markers were placed to denote the site. During surgery, lymphoscintigraphy scans and a hand-held gamma probe were used to locate the sentinel node. Once excised, the sentinel node was sent for histopathology. Frozen sectioning confirmed the presence of lymphoid tissue. Permanent sections with immunohistochemical markers were performed to examine for metastatic disease. RESULTS: The sentinel node biopsy technique was applied to 5 patients with orbital and adnexal tumors. All lymph nodes were free of tumor on histopathologic examination. CONCLUSIONS: Sentinel node mapping and biopsy are possible for orbital and adnexal tumors. The morbidity of elective lymph node dissection and adjuvant radiotherapy can be avoided. Our results are preliminary, and further work must be done to identify the lymphatic basins of the orbit and ocular adnexa.
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ranking = 0.10165771666301
keywords = melanoma
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