Cases reported "Eyelid Diseases"

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1/831. magnetic resonance imaging of acquired Brown syndrome in a patient with psoriasis.

    PURPOSE: To report the occurrence of acquired Brown syndrome and associated magnetic resonance imaging findings in a patient with psoriasis. methods: A 42-year-old woman with a history of psoriasis developed pain, double vision, and limited elevation of her left eye in adduction. An orbital magnetic resonance image with gadolinium enhancement was obtained. RESULTS: Orbital magnetic resonance image disclosed abnormal enhancement of the left trochlea/tendon complex. The patient's symptoms resolved with corticosteroid therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired Brown syndrome may be associated with psoriasis. The inflammation of the trochlea/tendon complex that can cause acquired Brown syndrome can be demonstrated on magnetic resonance image. ( info)

2/831. blister beetle periorbital dermatitis and keratoconjunctivitis in tanzania.

    Two cases of periorbital dermatitis and one case of keratoconjunctivitis following contact with blister beetle are presented. In tanzania and kenya the commonest blister beetle is known as Nairobi Fly and is of the genus Paederus. Ocular symptoms are common, usually secondary to transfer by the fingers of the toxic chemical involved from elsewhere on the skin. blister beetle keratoconjunctivitis has not previously been described in detail. ( info)

3/831. Eyelid pruritus with intravenous morphine.

    The cause of eyelid pruritus (itching) may be difficult to determine, particularly in preverbal children. Tearing, photophobia, or eye rubbing may be the first manifestation of leukemic infiltration or graft-versus-host disease, necessitating early appropriate therapy. We report a child in whom persistent eye rubbing developed after bone marrow transplantation for leukemia. morphine administration was found to be the cause of this symptom. ( info)

4/831. Congenital upper eyelid retraction.

    This report describes a six-year-old boy born with a unilateral upper eyelid retraction resulting in mild exposure keratopathy. The fissure on that side was 4 millimeters larger and lagophthalmos was present. At the time of levator recession surgery, the muscle was found to have a restriction at the medial and lateral horns preventing downward excursion. This condition has some of the features of congenital orbital fibrosis and is postulated to have been due to an intrauterine infection or inflammation. ( info)

5/831. Congenital, paradoxical lower eyelid retraction on upgaze.

    PURPOSE: Active lower eyelid retraction on upgaze is a rarely described finding. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and operative findings in two patients with this unique eyelid movement disorder. methods: The authors identified active, unilateral lower eyelid retraction on upgaze in two patients who had no other ocular or systemic abnormalities. RESULTS: Surgical extirpation of the lower eyelid retractor complex was carried out in both cases. During one of the procedures, performed under local anesthesia, the lower eyelid retractors were observed to retract actively on upgaze. Postoperatively, lower eyelid retraction on upgaze was not present in either case. CONCLUSIONS: The authors are aware of only one other case report describing active, paradoxical lower eyelid retraction on upgaze. The mechanism of eyelid retraction in this previous report and in the two patients described herein is not known. The authors postulate that these unique cases may represent a previously unrecognized form of congenital, aberrant innervation of the oculomotor nerve. ( info)

6/831. Nodular fasciitis of the lower eyelid in a pediatric patient.

    PURPOSE: To describe a 14-year-old boy with a 1-month history of a rapidly growing, nontender, lower eyelid mass. methods: The specimen was studied using light microscopy. RESULTS: Although magnetic resonance imaging suggested a chronic vascular lesion, histopathologic analysis after excisional biopsy was consistent with nodular fasciitis. CONCLUSIONS: Nodular fasciitis is a relatively common soft-tissue lesion and represents a benign, reactive process. Lesions in the head and neck develop more frequently in children and adolescents than in adults, but periorbital lesions are uncommon. This is the first reported case of nodular fasciitis of the lower eyelid in a pediatric patient. ( info)

7/831. Adverse periocular reaction after blood transfusion.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient with an acute conjunctival and periocular reaction after blood transfusion. methods: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 67-year-old woman sustained a self-limited periocular reaction characterized by bilateral turgescence and redness of the conjunctiva and eyelids after blood transfusion. More than 100 similar reactions of this type have been reported by the Centers for disease Control and Prevention. CONCLUSIONS: The cause of this periocular transfusion reaction is unclear, but this type of reaction is being investigated by the Centers for disease Control and Prevention. This case suggests that mild transfusion complications, even if unusual, may be under-reported. ( info)

8/831. Bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos associated with oculocutaneous albinism.

    PURPOSE: To document a case of bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos associated with oculocutaneous albinism. methods: We describe a 13-year-old female patient with blond skin and hair who had anomalous face and eyes first noted at birth. RESULTS: The patient had fair hair and complexion, bilateral anomalous wedge of scalp hair, upper eyebrow and eyelid deformities, cup-shaped ears, broad based nose with depressed bridge and midline groove, iris transillumination and diffuse hypopigmentation and foveal hypoplasia in fundus examination. CONCLUSION: Based on the clinical and laboratory findings, the reported case represents tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism together with bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos. The oculocutaneous albinism can either be an entirely new criterion to the whole syndrome of cryptophthalmos, or, more probably, the condition can be due to a double affliction which is primarily related with consanguinity of the parents. The importance of ante-natal diagnosis and genetic counseling are emphasized in such cases where the two recessive genes for two different conditions coexist. ( info)

9/831. Kimura's disease of bilateral upper eyelids: a case report.

    We present a rare case of Kimura's disease of bilateral upper eyelids. A 41-year-old Chinese male had multiple masses over retroauricular, submandibular regions and bilateral upper eyelids since 13 years previously. Tumor recurred after each surgical excision, chemotherapy and Co 60 radiotherapy. eosinophilia and elevation of blood immunoglobulin e (IgE) were noted in this admission. We operated on left upper eyelid to relieve the blocking of vision. A diffuse infiltration with numerous fibrotic bands was noted. Histological section showed a lymphoid hyperplasia, remarkable infiltration of eosinophils and proliferation of capillaries. Oral prednisolone 60 mg was given postoperatively. The patient had a satisfactory appearance and a relief of visual block. ( info)

10/831. Chronic dacryoadenitis misdiagnosed as eyelid edema and allergic conjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a 2-year history of episodic upper eyelid swelling and nonspecific complaints, who was diagnosed as having allergic conjunctivitis. methods: A complete ocular examination, orbital computerized tomographic (CT) scans followed by complete physical and systemic examinations. RESULTS: The results of physical and systemic examinations were unremarkable for systemic lymphoma and a primary focus of cancer. The results of the ocular examination were normal. CT scans demonstrated well-defined lesions bilaterally with a homogeneous internal structure in the lacrimal gland fossa, which suggested a diagnosis of chronic dacryoadenitis. The differential diagnosis included lymphoma and orbital metastases. The patient refused a biopsy and was started on a tapering dose of 60 mg oral prednisolone daily. The follow-up CT scans 1 month after cessation of 6-week oral corticosteroid treatment showed near complete resolution of the orbital lesions. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that orbital inflammation can be misdiagnosed as refractory allergic conjunctivitis. ( info)
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