Cases reported "Facial Dermatoses"

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1/124. Photolocalized tinea facialis.

    The case of a 34-year-old white woman with tinea facialis that persisted for nine months prior to diagnosis is presented. The confluent plaquelike erythematous eruption of the face with eyelid lichenification that flared outdoors was thought to represent polymorphic light eruption and was refractory to antibiotics, corticosteroids (topical and systemic), and antimalarials. A KOH preparation was positive when the dermatosis spilled onto the mandibular region, and restaining of the initial skin biopsy revealed fungal hyphae. Complete resolution was accomplished with griseofulvin and MicTin. tinea cab be added to the list of infectious agents that have a photosensitivity component. The fungus possibly "photolocalizes" to sun-damaged areas, ie, areas of increased capillary permeability. This case illustrates the importance of including tinea in considering diagnoses of sun-exposed lesions of the face.
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2/124. Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis like drug eruption: a case report.

    We report a 54-year-old male patient who developed an unusual form of generalized drug eruption. He had pain and breathlessness on the left chest wall. He had history of taking several drugs at private clinics under a diagnosis of herpes zoster. Two weeks later he had a generalized skin eruption. Examination showed multiple variable sized, mild pruritic, erythematous macules and papules on the face and upper extremities. skin lesions take the form of a clinically consistent with disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP). methylprednisolone 16 mg, astemisole 10 mg, oxatomide 60 mg was prescribed. Topical corticosteroid cream was applied. Within two months, his eruption had cleared almost completely. The pathogenetic mechanisms of this case are unclear, but drug and UV light have been considered.
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3/124. pseudolymphoma syndrome due to carbamazepine.

    We described a 29-year-old Japanese woman with a pseudolymphoma syndrome due to carbamazepine. physical examination revealed a diffuse erythematous papular eruption over almost all of her body with generalized lymphadenopathy. Histopathologic examination disclosed histology compatible with the nodular pattern of pseudo-T-cell lymphoma. The Southern blot analysis did not disclose the monoclonality of the gamma T cell recepter gene. We consider that it is very important to recognize this pseudolymphoma syndrome due to carbamazepine to avoid possibly subjecting the patient to unnecessary chemotherapy.
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4/124. Recalcitrant acne vulgaris secondary to a dental abscess.

    This case report describes a middle-aged man with acne that was recalcitrant to numerous medications, including three courses of isotretinoin. His condition cleared after an infected tooth was removed and recurred when another tooth became carious. acne vulgaris is associated with several immunologic responses including the production of antibodies against propionibacterium acnes, the gram-positive bacteria found in acne lesions. We believe that the presence of our patient's dental infections provoked a follicular inflammatory response resulting in his recalcitrant acne.
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keywords = tooth
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5/124. Follicular B-cell pseudolymphoma.

    A 60-year-old woman presented with a 3-week history of a pruritic papulo-nodular eruption on the face and trunk after a bee sting. Histological examination showed a predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate with follicular centres and tingible body macrophages. Immunohistochemically, positive staining for both kappa and lambda light chains was noted. The eruption settled with oral antihistamine and topical corticosteroid. These findings support the diagnosis of follicular B-cell pseudolymphoma.
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6/124. Allergy to lichen acids in a fragrance.

    A 48-year-old clerical officer with a recurrent facial eruption had positive patch test reactions to nickel, fragrance mix and lichen acid mix. On testing to individual ingredients of fragrance mix and lichen acid mix, she had 2 reactions to oak moss, which is thought to be the main allergen in fragrance mix, and to usnic acid, which is one of a number of lichen acids comprising oak moss. Avoidance of fragrance use resulted in clearing of the eruption but, subsequently, an acute vesicular flare on her face and hands occurred after exposure to lichen on garden shrubs.
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7/124. Keratosis lichenoides chronica: marked response to calcipotriol ointment.

    Keratosis lichenoides chronica (KCL) is a rare dermatosis characterized by a distinctive seborrheic dermatitis-like facial eruption, together with violaceous, papular, and nodular lesions on the extremities and trunk, typically arranged in a linear and reticulate pattern. KLC is resistant to therapy, although spontaneous remission has been reported. We describe a 35-year-old woman with KLC who had the typical features of widespread violaceous, reticulate, and striae-like eruptions with a prominent keratotic component over a nine-year period and who responded well to treatment with calcipotriol ointment. The immunohistochemical profiles are presented in addition to typical histopathologic features.
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keywords = eruption
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8/124. Solid facial edema in a patient with rosacea.

    We report a 53-year old man with symmetrical nonpitting edema, conjunctivitis, and acneiform eruptions on the face. Histopathological examination showed perifollicular lymphohistiocytic infiltration and telangiectasias in the upper dermis. Loosely aggregated non-caseating granulomas were scattered through the dermis; some of them were seen in the perifollicular regions. The patient was treated with fleroxacin (100 mg/day, orally) for two weeks with a marked reduction of both solid facial edema and periorbital edema.
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9/124. dermatitis following systemic prednisolone: patch testing with prednisolone eye drops.

    Although positive reactions to topical corticosteroids can occur in over 1% of a patch-test population, systemic reactions to oral corticosteroids are uncommon. A 45-year-old woman who gave a clear history of the generalization of a cutaneous eruption following oral prednisolone was positive on patch testing using prednisolone eye drops.
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10/124. A cautionary tale. Case report.

    A healthy 26 year old female underwent unsuccessful surgery for an incorrectly diagnosed sebaceous cyst in the cheek. Eventually the problem was traced to a non-vital tooth 24. When the tooth was treated endodontically, the situation resolved in one week.
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ranking = 0.0092292146272036
keywords = tooth
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