Cases reported "Facial Dermatoses"

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1/24. Repair of a large "coup de sabre" with soft-tissue expansion and artificial bone graft.

    The authors present a case of a "coup de sabre"--a linear form of scleroderma--in an 18-year-old woman treated by means of an expanded forehead and scalp flap, a hydroxyapatite implant, and an autologous iliac bone graft. Hydroxyapatite was implanted to augment a depressive bony deformity. The nasal deformity was repaired with an expanded forehead flap and an autologous iliac bone graft. This is the first reported case in which a deformity of scleroderma was treated with a combination of an expanded skin flap and a hydroxyapatite implant.
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2/24. Follicular B-cell pseudolymphoma.

    A 60-year-old woman presented with a 3-week history of a pruritic papulo-nodular eruption on the face and trunk after a bee sting. Histological examination showed a predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate with follicular centres and tingible body macrophages. Immunohistochemically, positive staining for both kappa and lambda light chains was noted. The eruption settled with oral antihistamine and topical corticosteroid. These findings support the diagnosis of follicular B-cell pseudolymphoma.
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ranking = 137.55230566786
keywords = macrophage
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3/24. Primary pachydermoperiostosis: a case report.

    Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP), a rare genodermatosis, occurred in a 38-year-old Indian male. He presented with progressive thickening of the skin on the face and scalp of 15 years duration. Widening of his wrists and ankles and broadening of the fingers and toes had also developed since then. He was born of a consanguineous marriage and had no family history of a similar disorder. He had the typical findings of complete form of PDP including cutis verticis gyrata, coarse facial features, clubbing of the digits in the skin, and periostosis and cortical thickening at the distal ends of long bones of the extremities and small bones of the hands and feet. PDP has two different forms--primary and secondary. These two entities are differentiated by family history and presence or absence of a primary lesion, usually in the lungs. Clinically, in secondary PDP, the cutaneous findings (pachydermia, seborrhoea, oiliness) are less severe than primary PDP; osteoarthropathy is more severe and painful in secondary PDP, especially with congenital heart disease. The present case was suffering from primary PDP that had expressed itself in its complete form.
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keywords = bone
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4/24. Refractory facial cellulitis following cosmetic rhinoplasty after cord-blood stem cell transplantation.

    We report a case of a 38-year-old female patient who developed facial cellulitis after cord-blood stem cell transplantation (CBT). The cellulitis was refractory to treatment with antibiotics and antifungal agents. Because facial cellulitis is rare after transplantation, its mechanism could not be determined exactly. On day 40 after CBT, a nurse with expertise in cosmetic surgery attended our rounds and correctly assumed that the patient had received cosmetic rhinoplasty. Although conventional x-rays of the head were normal, a computed tomographic (CT) scan of the brain disclosed the presence of a foreign body over the nasal dorsum. As a result, the patient's symptoms were diagnosed as facial cellulitis associated with foreign material that had been implanted at the time of cosmetic surgery. At a pretransplantation interview, the patient did not mention her history of rhinoplasty. Even after she was shown the head CT scans that revealed the presence of nasal implants, she denied that she had received rhinoplasty before CBT. Unless we realize that patients may have received cosmetic surgery before transplantation, it is difficult to make a diagnosis of infection associated with foreign implants. To our knowledge this is the first report after transplantation of infection associated with cosmetic surgery. Such infections should be included on the list of complications after bone marrow transplantation.
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keywords = bone
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5/24. Miliary osteoma of the face: a report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    osteoma cutis (OC) is a rare disorder characterized by compact bone formation in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It is classified in primary and secondary forms according to the presence or absence of previous cutaneous lesions. Miliary osteoma of the face (MOF) is a form of primary OC that generally occurs in middle-aged and older adult women. We report 3 cases of typical MOF and one additional case in a black patient, which to our knowledge has not been described previously.
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6/24. Cutaneous sarcoidosis successfully treated with topical tacrolimus.

    sarcoidosis is a disorder characterized by macrophage- and T-cell-mediated responses to as yet unidentified infectious antigens or autoantigens. We describe a 62-year-old woman with a 10-year history of orange-yellow plaques of sarcoidosis on her face. Her cutaneous lesions responded to topical tacrolimus ointment after unsuccessful treatment with topical and systemic corticosteroids. No adverse effects were noted with topical tacrolimus in this patient. We discuss the mode of action by which this immunosuppressive agent may act against sarcoidosis.
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ranking = 137.55230566786
keywords = macrophage
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7/24. Treatment of multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face with local application of tretinoin (all-trans-retinoic acid): a case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face represents primary extra-skeletal bone formation that arises within the skin of the face. methods: A 60-year-old woman with multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face was treated by application of 0.05% tretinoin (all-trans-retinoic acid) cream nightly. RESULTS: After 3 months of therapy there were fewer papules and a decrease in size of remaining lesions. In a literature search, it was found that local application of tretinoin was successful and achieved a decrease in the number of papules over the face in all patients with multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face; however, the length of time to achieve response varied from a few weeks to 6 months. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that local application of tretinoin cream should be considered in the therapy of multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face, particularly when the lesions are small and superficial.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = bone
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8/24. Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia. Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia is a rare childhood disorder. The condition affects bone growth and maturation and causes maldevelopment of the ipsilateral teeth and gingiva. Lips and skin also may be affected. The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of segmental odontomaillary dysplasia and summarize the clinical and radiographic findings if the entity after a thorough review of the English literature.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = bone
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9/24. Oral factitious injuries.

    The subject of oral factitious injuries is reviewed and four cases are reported. It is noted that self-inflicted oral injuries are not limited to the soft tissue but may result in destruction of bone and tooth structure. While children are more often the subjects of self-injurious behavior about the oral cavity, adults may also exhibit similar conduct. Emotional problems are often co-existent with self-inflicted oral injuries, however, in some cases there does not seem to be a readily descernible emotional disturbance. Since factitious injuries often pose diagnostic problems for the dentist, some diagnostic suggestions are included.
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keywords = bone
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10/24. Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis.

    Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis DCL is a condition rarely seen in the middle east. We report a case of disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis in a 60-years-old lady. The patient first presented 1996 with an initial lesion, which started on the butterfly area of the face and spread, probably due to immunosuppression, to involve the whole face. The lesions consisted of nodules, which did not ulcerate. The histology showed abundance of macrophages filled with amastigotes L-D bodies. The patient was started on oral zinc sulphate 10 mg/kg in 3 divided doses daily. The condition showed gradual improvement. Repeated biopsies showed upgrading of the histopathological picture. After 6-months of treatment there was complete clearance of the condition. The patient was followed up for 6-years with no recurrence. However, she presented with a new lesion on the butterfly area again in February 2003. The biopsy again showed abundance of macrophages filled with amastigotes L-D bodies. A 4-months course of zinc sulphate 10 mg/kg in 3 divided doses daily resulted in complete clearance of the lesions. zinc sulphate might represent a new treatment for this condition that has no adequate treatment until now.
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ranking = 275.10461133571
keywords = macrophage
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