Cases reported "Facial Dermatoses"

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11/123. Refractory facial cellulitis following cosmetic rhinoplasty after cord-blood stem cell transplantation.

    We report a case of a 38-year-old female patient who developed facial cellulitis after cord-blood stem cell transplantation (CBT). The cellulitis was refractory to treatment with antibiotics and antifungal agents. Because facial cellulitis is rare after transplantation, its mechanism could not be determined exactly. On day 40 after CBT, a nurse with expertise in cosmetic surgery attended our rounds and correctly assumed that the patient had received cosmetic rhinoplasty. Although conventional x-rays of the head were normal, a computed tomographic (CT) scan of the brain disclosed the presence of a foreign body over the nasal dorsum. As a result, the patient's symptoms were diagnosed as facial cellulitis associated with foreign material that had been implanted at the time of cosmetic surgery. At a pretransplantation interview, the patient did not mention her history of rhinoplasty. Even after she was shown the head CT scans that revealed the presence of nasal implants, she denied that she had received rhinoplasty before CBT. Unless we realize that patients may have received cosmetic surgery before transplantation, it is difficult to make a diagnosis of infection associated with foreign implants. To our knowledge this is the first report after transplantation of infection associated with cosmetic surgery. Such infections should be included on the list of complications after bone marrow transplantation.
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keywords = nose, nasal
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12/123. Disseminated cryptococcosis presenting as pseudofolliculitis in an AIDS patient.

    We report the case of a 42-year-old man with AIDS and an unusual presentation of disseminated cutaneous cryptococcosis. The eruption was characterized by excoriated papules of the upper body and was initially diagnosed as folliculitis. A pseudofollicular eruption is a rare presentation for disseminated cryptococcosis.
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ranking = 0.712956319916
keywords = nose
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13/123. Four cases of sebopsoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis of the face and scalp successfully treated with 1a-24 (R)-dihydroxycholecalciferol (tacalcitol) cream.

    A 71-year-old woman visited our clinic due to the presence of widespread scaly erythema on her face, scalp, and lower extremities. She was tentatively diagnosed as having seborrheic dermatitis but the symptoms were difficult to distinguish from psoriasis vulgaris. As a result, she was diagnosed as having sebopsoriasis. She was treated topically with an active vitamin D3 compound, 1a-24 (R)-dihydroxycholecalciferol D3 (tacalcitol) cream. She applied tacalcitol cream twice daily for 4 weeks, and her facial eruptions thus cleared up completely. No recurrence was observed for 2 months thereafter, even though the use of tacalcitol cream was stopped. To investigate whether or not tacalcitol cream is generally effective for the treatment of such seborrheic dermatitis-like eruptions, three more patients were treated with tacalcitol cream. All patients exhibited scaly erythematous macules on the face and/or scalp, and their eruptions improved rapidly with tacalcitol cream. Tacalcitol cream was thus found to be effective and useful for the treatment of both sebopsoriasis and even seborrheic dermatitis of the face and scalp.
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ranking = 1.425912639832
keywords = nose
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14/123. Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation: report of 10 cases.

    Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation (IEMP) is a rare disease. IEMP is characterized by asymptomatic, pigmented macules involving the neck, trunk, and proximal extremities. This study describes 10 cases of idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation seen during a 9-year period at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, korea. We present these characteristic consecutive cases to provide more insight into the clinical picture and course of IEMP. skin lesions of 8 patients were multiple brown macules involving the trunk, face, neck, and extremities. In 2 patients, multiple dark brown macules and patches were noted. The age of onset varied from 1 to 20 years. Tentative diagnoses were usually ashy dermatosis (erythema dyschromicum perstans), fixed drug eruption, or mastocytosis. The history of any erythema and drug medication was absent. Darier's sign was absent. skin biopsy specimens showed increased pigmentation of the basal layer in an otherwise normal epidermis. Pigmentary incontinence, melanophages, and mild perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrate in the papillary dermis were also revealed. mast cells could not be found. The lesions gradually disappeared during a period of several months to years. The alleged rarity of IEMP may be partially caused by medical unfamiliarity with this entity, despite its clinical and histopathologic characteristic picture. Treatment of IEMP is unnecessary because spontaneous resolution of the lesions can be expected within several months to a few years.
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ranking = 0.712956319916
keywords = nose
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15/123. Partial unilateral lentiginosis with ocular involvement.

    Partial unilateral lentiginosis (PUL) is an unusual pigmentary disorder characterized by numerous lentigines grouped within an area of normal skin; the pigmented macules are often in a segmental distribution with a sharp demarcation at the midline. We report the first case of ocular involvement in a patient with this diagnosis. The patient, a 30-year-old Peruvian woman, had multiple brown macules on the left upper face in primarily a V1 and V2 distribution with a sharp demarcation at the midline of the forehead. The lesions first appeared near the hairline when she was 5 years of age, and then began to extend onto the face. She also had a discrete area of brown pigmentation on the left lateral bulbar conjunctiva. Because the patient had been previously diagnosed by several dermatologists as having either a speckled lentiginous nevus or a nevus of ota, we draw attention to the entity PUL and the possibility of ocular involvement.
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ranking = 0.712956319916
keywords = nose
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16/123. Facial purpura.

    OBJECTIVES: patients with facial purpura can have acute and dramatic illnesses. For this reason, the clinician must be aware of certain diagnoses that can present as facial purpura and know how to initiate treatment efficiently. According to our review of the literature, no paradigm currently exists for the diagnosis and management of facial purpura Our goal is to develop a schema for the identification and management of facial purpura. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. methods: A case series of five cases is presented followed by a systematic development of a differential diagnosis based on etiology of the lesion. RESULTS: Facial purpura can be classified into conditions that are primarily or secondarily vasculitic, thrombocytopenic, neoplastic, infectious, toxic, and miscellaneous, which encompasses episodic reports that do not fit into the other categories. A paradigm to diagnose patients with facial purpura is developed based on clinical presentation and etiology. To demonstrate the utility of our algorithm, the five cases presented are re-examined using the algorithm. To our knowledge, this represents the first reported series of facial purpura in the modern English literature. A flow chart based on our diagnostic paradigm is presented. CONCLUSION: Clinicians caring for patients with facial purpura must recognize the acute conditions that require emergent medical intervention. Once these diagnoses have been considered, the clinician can employ a systematic approach to the diagnosis based on etiology. This study provides a useful reference for the otolaryngologist when encountering a patient with facial purpura.
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ranking = 2.138868959748
keywords = nose
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17/123. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis affecting the nasal cavity. A mucosal variant of the skin lesion granuloma faciale.

    Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is an unusual fibrotic condition affecting the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, of which there have been eight reported cases. The condition is thought to be associated with the rare skin disorder granuloma faciale, which is histologically identical, and was present in two cases of EAF. We report the third case where EAF and granuloma faciale occurred together, to highlight this type of intranasal fibrosis as a distinct pathological entity.
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ranking = 0.71760920020999
keywords = nasal
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18/123. Epstein-Barr virus-associated peripheral T-cell lymphoma in adults with hydroa vacciniforme-like lesions.

    We describe two Korean adult patients who had necrotizing papulovesicles mainly on their faces. skin biopsy specimens showed perivascular and periadnexal infiltrate of atypical lymphoid cells with vasculitis in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. in situ hybridization demonstrated a latent infection of Epstein-Barr virus in the majority of lymphoid cells in the dermis. These patients were diagnosed as having T-cell lymphoma. Interestingly, large granular lymphocytosis was found in the peripheral blood of Case 2.
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ranking = 0.712956319916
keywords = nose
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19/123. Nodular amyloidosis: case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: amyloidosis refers to a group of depositional diseases that are classified into two main types: systemic and localized. Large nodules of localized cutaneous amyloidosis of the nasal ala and surrounding skin are rare and the treatment is often unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of rapidly enlarging, localized, nodular cutaneous amyloidosis of the nose and the surrounding skin with a brief review of the current literature regarding treatment of this rare disease. CONCLUSION: Nodular amyloidosis can be treated successfully with cold steel excision in combination with carbon dioxide laser. Close followup of these patients is warranted, as nodular amyloidosis may be the precursor to systemic amyloidosis.
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ranking = 0.856478159958
keywords = nose, nasal
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20/123. Multiple neutrophilic dermatoses in myelodysplastic syndrome.

    A 72-year-old woman developed three consecutive processes that showed characteristics of different neutrophilic dermatoses. First, she developed a picture resembling granuloma faciale, followed by a Sweet's syndrome-like eruption, and then by a superficial pyoderma gangrenosum. She was later diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome. This case demonstrates that neutrophilic dermatoses form a spectrum of entities that do not necessarily occur in isolation.
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ranking = 0.712956319916
keywords = nose
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