Cases reported "Facial Dermatoses"

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1/984. Hereditary perioral pigmented follicular atrophoderma associated with milia and epidermoid cysts.

    Eight members of a single family all presented the characteristic changes of facial, especially perioral, pigmented follicular atrophoderma, with numerous milia and epidermoid cysts. For this condition. diagnosis at a glance may be possible because of the perioral cutaneous manifestations. Histopathological examination of follicular atrophoderma revealed proliferation of basaloid cells continuous with the epidermis and coarse collagen fibres, with a decreased density of elastic fibres around the basaloid cells. Two of the eight individuals also showed generalized hypohidrosis. The eight affected persons were the proband, her son, mother, uncle, two younger sisters, cousin and nephew: an autosomal dominant mode of transmission was suggested from this family tree. The patients' symptoms resembled those of Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome, except for the different distribution of the follicular atrophoderma and the absence of basal cell carcinoma and hypotrichosis. This disease may be an entirely new syndrome characterized by perioral pigmented follicular atrophoderma associated with milia and epidermoid cysts. ( info)

2/984. granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions.

    Extrafacial involvement in granuloma faciale (GF) is rather exceptional. We report herein a patient with GF associated with lesions on the trunk and the forearm. Histological studies of facial and extrafacial lesions shared similar characteristics: a mixed inflammatory infiltrate with abundant eosinophils in the superficial and middle dermis with a narrow grenz zone of uninvolved dermis between the epidermis and the infiltrate. Evidence of vasculitis was clearly observed in both biopsy specimens. Treatment with dapsone did not alter the course of the disease. We review the 12 cases of extrafacial GF that have been reported in the English and Spanish literature. In these cases a diagnosis of erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) may be suggested. Although GF and EED may share some pathogenic mechanisms, there are several clinical and histological differences between them that make us consider EED and GF as distinct entities. ( info)

3/984. Repair of a large "coup de sabre" with soft-tissue expansion and artificial bone graft.

    The authors present a case of a "coup de sabre"--a linear form of scleroderma--in an 18-year-old woman treated by means of an expanded forehead and scalp flap, a hydroxyapatite implant, and an autologous iliac bone graft. Hydroxyapatite was implanted to augment a depressive bony deformity. The nasal deformity was repaired with an expanded forehead flap and an autologous iliac bone graft. This is the first reported case in which a deformity of scleroderma was treated with a combination of an expanded skin flap and a hydroxyapatite implant. ( info)

4/984. Nodular fasciitis of the forehead.

    BACKGROUND: Nodular fasciitis is a benign, fibrohistiocytic tumor most commonly arising on the trunk. Histopathologically it can be misdiagnosed as a sarcoma. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of nodular fasciitis on the forehead and to review the clinical and histologic characteristics of the tumor. methods: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: Local excision to completely remove tumor has proven curative at 1 year of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Nodular fasciitis can be encountered on the head and neck and should be regarded as a benign tumor. Either minimal excision or even a "watch and wait" plan can be successful in treating this tumor. ( info)

5/984. blister beetle periorbital dermatitis and keratoconjunctivitis in tanzania.

    Two cases of periorbital dermatitis and one case of keratoconjunctivitis following contact with blister beetle are presented. In tanzania and kenya the commonest blister beetle is known as Nairobi Fly and is of the genus Paederus. Ocular symptoms are common, usually secondary to transfer by the fingers of the toxic chemical involved from elsewhere on the skin. blister beetle keratoconjunctivitis has not previously been described in detail. ( info)

6/984. Prominent hyperkeratotic plantar and palmar warts.

    We report the case of a 28-year-old man who had prominent hyperkeratotic plantar and palmar warts, and flat warts on his face and chest. By dna hybridization, human papillomavirus 1 and/or 2, and 3 dna were detected from the tissues of these skin lesions. Results of laboratory investigations revealed leukopenia, eosinophilia, anti-HBs antigen and anti-hepatitis c virus antibody, and decrease in the OKT4/OKT8 ratio. He had no abnormality in cellular immunity. He was treated with multiple modalities, but was successfully treated with electrocautery to the plantar and palmar warts, and cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen to the flat warts. Nine years after the initial treatment, almost no recurrence was recognized. ( info)

7/984. Facial dermatitis, contact urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis, and asthma induced by potato.

    BACKGROUND: Potato contains multiple heat-labile proteins which can induce immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis have been described in association with potato exposure. OBJECTIVE: A patient with possible airborne facial dermatitis to potato is described. RESULTS: A middle-aged atopic housewife with pre-existent atopic dermatitis suffered from rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, and contact urticaria when pealing raw potatoes, but her main complaint was intense, treatment-resistant dermatitis of the face. The investigations showed a positive prick test, a positive patch test, and positive specific serum IgE to raw potato. Potato avoidance led not only to the resolution of the immediate symptoms, but also of the facial dermatitis, suggesting she had dermatitis due to this vegetable. CONCLUSIONS: Potato may induce contact dermatitis with positive immediate and delayed hypersensitivity tests. ( info)

8/984. Perianal contact dermatitis caused by nail lacquer allergy.

    BACKGROUND: Allergy to nail cosmetics is relatively infrequent compared with other cosmetics. Allergic contact dermatitis from nail lacquer typically affects the eyelids, cheeks, sides of the neck, hands and periungual areas, and less frequently another areas. OBJECTIVE: We report on a patient who developed nail lacquer-related allergic contact dermatitis in an infrequent location, namely the perianal area. methods: A patient with perianal and eyelid pruritus and dermatitis was patch tested with the TRUE tests, cosmetic series, personal cosmetics, plastic and glue series, and personal nail lacquers. RESULTS: A 2 positive allergic response was observed at the sites of the toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and at the sites the patient's nail lacquers at days 2 and 4. CONCLUSION: Nail lacquer allergy may be observed at distant sites, and the perianal area may be involved more frequently than was previously thought. ( info)

9/984. Erythrosis pigmentosa mediofacialis (Brocq) and erythromelanosis follicularis faciei et colli in the same patient.

    Erythrosis pigmentosa peribuccalis (Brocq) (or erythrosis pigmentosa mediofacialis) and erythromelanosis follicularis faciei et colli, have been regarded as different disorders, mainly because the first occurs on the mediofacial area and is common in women and the second mostly occurs pre-auricularly in men. Both conditions show histological signs of abnormal follicular keratinization with teleangiectasia and round cell infiltrate. An increase in the level of melanin has been seen in some patients. We describe here a woman in whom lesions started in the middle of the face and later became evident in the pre-auricular area. This suggests that the two conditions are in fact the same disease. As a neutral term for this not uncommon disorder we propose erythrosis pigmentosa faciei et colli. ( info)

10/984. Photolocalized tinea facialis.

    The case of a 34-year-old white woman with tinea facialis that persisted for nine months prior to diagnosis is presented. The confluent plaquelike erythematous eruption of the face with eyelid lichenification that flared outdoors was thought to represent polymorphic light eruption and was refractory to antibiotics, corticosteroids (topical and systemic), and antimalarials. A KOH preparation was positive when the dermatosis spilled onto the mandibular region, and restaining of the initial skin biopsy revealed fungal hyphae. Complete resolution was accomplished with griseofulvin and MicTin. tinea cab be added to the list of infectious agents that have a photosensitivity component. The fungus possibly "photolocalizes" to sun-damaged areas, ie, areas of increased capillary permeability. This case illustrates the importance of including tinea in considering diagnoses of sun-exposed lesions of the face. ( info)
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