Cases reported "Facial Neoplasms"

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1/23. Microcystic adnexal carcinoma arising in the setting of previous radiation therapy.

    While there are several reports of microcystic adnexal carcinoma developing in patients within sites of previous therapeutic irradiation, this relationship is not well described in the dermatologic literature. We report a case of a 42-year-old man with a remote history of therapeutic irradiation following surgical resection of periorbital rhabdomyosarcoma. Subsequently, he developed multiple basal cell carcinomas and a microcystic adnexal carcinoma within the field of irradiation. The histologic features were those of a classic microcystic adnexal carcinoma, with well differentiated nests and cords of keratinocytes displaying follicular and ductular differentiation infiltrating diffusely into the reticular dermis. Dense fibrosis was present surrounding the neoplastic keratinocytes. Nuclear atypia and mitotic figures were not identified. A carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) stain demonstrated glandular differentiation. It is important for dermatologists to be aware of the apparent relationship between the rare microcystic adnexal carcinoma with its innocuous scar-like clinical appearance and prior local radiation therapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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2/23. Tissue-specific expression of SV40 in tumors associated with the li-fraumeni syndrome.

    Inactivation of wild-type p53 tumor suppressor function is the primary mechanism of tumor initiation in li-fraumeni syndrome (LFS) individuals with germline p53 mutations. Tumors derived from LFS patients frequently retain the normal p53 allele, suggesting that alternative mechanisms in addition to gene deletion must be involved in inactivating wild-type p53 protein. dna tumor viruses, such as SV40, target p53 for inactivation through the action of viral oncoproteins. We studied the probands from two unrelated LFS families, each of whom presented with multiple malignant neoplasms. Patient 1 developed an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and a choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC), while patient 2 developed a CPC and subsequently presented with both an osteosarcoma (OS) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We utilized DNA sequence analysis and immunohistochemistry to determine p53 gene status in the germline and tumors, as well as evidence for SV40 T-antigen oncoprotein expression. Each patient harbored a heterozygous germline p53 mutation at codons 175 and 273, respectively. In patient 1, the normal p53 gene was lost while the mutant p53 allele was reduced to homozygosity in the RMS. Both normal and mutant genes were maintained in the CPC. In patient 2, normal and mutant p53 alleles were retained in both the CPC and RCC. Both specific PCR and immunostaining detected SV40 T-antigen in both CPCs and the RCC. In addition to chromosomal alterations, epigenetic mechanisms may disrupt p53 function during tumorigenesis. In two LFS patients, we found SV40 DNA sequences and viral T-antigen expression that could account for inactivation of the normal p53 protein. Inactivation of p53 or other tumor suppressors by viral proteins may contribute to tumor formation in specific tissues of genetically susceptible individuals.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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3/23. Alveolar soft-part sarcoma of the cheek.

    Alveolar soft-part sarcoma is a rare malignant tumour of uncertain histogenesis, the two main sites of which are the lower extremities in adults and the head and neck in children. We know of only three case reports of intraoral locations without tongue involvement. Here, we describe the first case of an alveolar soft-part sarcoma of the cheek which presented in a patient over 30 years old and had an extremely rapid and eventually fatal evolution. We have also reviewed hypotheses about its aetiology.
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ranking = 0.0064062243883719
keywords = alveolar
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4/23. Orofacial rhabdomyosarcoma in neonates and young children: a review of literature and management of four cases.

    rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an aggressive malignant skeletal muscle neoplasm arising from embryonal mesenchyme. It accounts for over 50% of all pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. The head and neck region is the most common site for this tumor in children. Neonatal presentation of this tumor is rare. We present the management of one neonatal case and three additional cases of orofacial RMS in children under the age of 7 years. All four patients were seen in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery at Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center (CHRMC) in Seattle between 1992-2000. Three of the four cases were alveolar RMS and one was botryoid sub-type of embryonal RMS. Three patients were treated with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation, while the patient with botryoid RMS was treated with surgery and chemotherapy only. The patient with congenital RMS died at 2.5 years of age due to recurrent metastatic disease. The other three patients are alive without evidence of recurrent with a mean follow up was 5.5 years (range 2.5-8.5 years). We discuss the current management, diagnosis, biological behavior, histopathology, prognosis and survival of head and neck RMS in neonates and young children.
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ranking = 4.0064062243884
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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5/23. Spindle-cell rhabdomyosarcoma with 2q36 approximately q37 involvement.

    The cytogenetic analysis of a spindle-cell variant of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), presenting as a cheek mass in an 18-year-old girl, is reported. The tumor cells showed an abnormal karyotype 46,XX,der(2)t(2;7)(q36 approximately q37;q3?),del(14)(q24),der(16)t(1;16)(q21;q13), with a tetraploid range of chromosome number in a subpopulation of cells. By fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, the tumor cells were negative for FKHR-disrupting translocations specific for alveolar type of RMS and for NMYC gene amplification.
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ranking = 5.0064062243884
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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6/23. Alveolar soft part sarcoma on the glabella.

    OBJECTIVE: To present a paediatric case of alveolar soft part sarcoma on the glabella. CASE: A 10-year-old female patient with a slowly growing painful and pruritic mass between her brows. During surgical excision of the mass, it was seen that the mass was firmly adherent to the periosteum. Extended surgical removal with the underlying periosteum was carried out. The pathological result was alveolar soft part sarcoma which was immunohistochemically positive for vimentin and showed focal desmin positivity. The patient had no evidence of distant metastases on screening. CONCLUSION: Total surgical excision of the tumour in due time before metastases should be the mainstay of treatment. A high index of suspicion, both during diagnosis and surgery, should be maintained by the clinician.
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ranking = 0.012812448776744
keywords = alveolar
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7/23. A neonate with malignant ectomesenchymoma.

    Malignant ectomesenchymoma is a rare tumor reported in head-neck, abdomen and perineal regions. It consists of mesenchymal and neuroectodermal elements. In this tumor group, neoplastic cells are differentiated into neuronal cells. It also has at least one malignant mesenchymal element, generally rhabdomyosarcoma. In this report we present a neonate with ectomesenchymoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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8/23. The first case of li-fraumeni syndrome in Bosnia and Herzegovina: case report.

    li-fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a very rare autosomal dominant and highly penetrant cancer syndrome characterized by early-onset primary tumours, including soft tissue and bone sarcoma, breast cancer, leukemia, brain tumours and adrenocortical carcinoma. Here we report the first evidence-based case of LFS in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the whole Balkan region. A ten year-old girl developed multiple primary tumours (rhabdomyosarcoma) during a period of eight years, as well as fibroadenoma of the breast. Sequential analysis revealed a germ line mutation of TP53 in exon 8, a common mutation in patients with LFS, in both the patient and her mother.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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9/23. Chondroid syringoma: case report and review of the literature.

    An 84-year-old man presented with an enlarging bluish, painless subcutaneous nodule on the glabella. The lesion had been excised 4 years prior and was diagnosed as chondroid syringoma, but had gradually regrown. The recurrent lesion was treated by surgical re-excision. Histopathological examination was again consistent with chondroid syringoma, and showed the following: 1) a chondroid matrix, 2) tubuloalveolar structures lined by a double epithelium, 3) ductal structures lined by a single epithelium, 4) nests of polygonal cells, and 5) the presence of keratinous cysts. Chondroid syringoma is a rare mixed tumor of the skin that was first described by Hirsch and Helwig. Characteristically, it is composed of a proliferation of epithelial cells set in a myxoid and chondroid matrix. Although chondroid syringomas are predominantly benign, malignant forms have been reported.
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ranking = 0.0064062243883719
keywords = alveolar
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10/23. Cutaneous embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma presenting as a nodule on cheek; a case report and review of literature.

    We report a case of primary cutaneous rhabdomyosarcoma, solid embryonal type, presenting as a rapidly enlarging nodule on the right cheek of a 7-year-old boy. This lesion had begun as a pea-sized nodule 8 months previously, and, with suspected abscess, had been incised. It recurred 2 months later; at that time, incisional biopsy was consistent with malignant round cell tumor. Wide local excision of the tumor was then completed. Subsequent immunohistochemical staining with desmin and myoglobin confirmed embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient underwent radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy and continues to be disease free at 14 months after his wide local excision. rhabdomyosarcoma presenting as a dermal nodule is rare. It usually presents as an asymptomatic papule without distinctive clinical features and therefore may result in delayed diagnosis unless a biopsy is performed.
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ranking = 6
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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