Cases reported "Facies"

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1/17. skin eruption as the presenting sign of Hunter syndrome IIB.

    We present a case of Hunter syndrome diagnosed because of skin eruption. A 4-year-old Japanese boy presented with a 3-4-months history of papular lesions on the back and extremities. His growth and development were almost normal. His face was not of coarse appearance. He had multiple, whitish to skin-coloured, papules and nodules symmetrically distributed on the scapular regions and the extensor aspects of the upper arms and thighs. There was no family history of similar symptoms. skin biopsy showed the deposition of a considerable amount of mucin in the dermis. Although physical examinations failed to detect any other signs of Hunter syndrome, x-rays showed the characteristic features of mucopolysaccharidosis: deformities of the vertebral bone, ribs, and pelvis. Mucopolysaccharide analysis of the urine revealed a marked increase in dermatan sulphate and heparan sulphate. The activity of iduronate sulphatase in the lymphocytes was deficient, which was diagnostic for Hunter syndrome. We emphasize that the skin eruption can be the earliest sign of Hunter syndrome, particularly in the mild form presenting with normal development and growth.
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keywords = eruption
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2/17. Oral findings in digeorge syndrome: clinical features and histologic study of primary teeth.

    OBJECTIVE: For the purpose of supplementing the shortage of dental information about digeorge syndrome, we report two cases of the syndrome seen in Japanese boys. STUDY DESIGN: Two cases were compared with respect to orofacial and dental findings; one was a case of complete digeorge syndrome and the other a case of partial digeorge syndrome. Extracted deciduous teeth from the two boys underwent histologic study. RESULTS: Each patient showed systemic developmental delay, hypocalcemia, and slight mental retardation. In the orofacial area, hypertelorism, a short philtrum, thick and reflected lips, and hypoplasia of the nasopharynx were also observed. A dental examination showed delayed formation and eruption of permanent teeth, aplasia of the nasopharynx, and enamel hypoplasia along with enamel hypocalcification. Structural streaks with increased calcification were histologically detected in the deciduous tooth from the patient with complete digeorge syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Common characteristic orofacial and dental findings were noted in the two digeorge syndrome cases. Furthermore, histologic study of the deciduous tooth from the boy with complete digeorge syndrome suggests that there was some relationship between transient relative hypercalcemia and dentinal hypermineralized streaking of the tooth.
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ranking = 2.418515888102
keywords = tooth, eruption
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3/17. Generalized eruptive keratoacanthoma (Grzybowski variant).

    We describe a patient with generalized eruptive keratoacanthoma (KA) of Grzybowski showing the characteristic features of this extremely rare condition. Since the first description by Grzybowski in 1950, only 28 additional cases (including the present one) have been reported. This variety of KA most commonly affects patients during the fifth to seventh decade of life and appears as a generalized eruption of hundreds to thousands of follicular papules. The small pruriginous papules often have a keratotic centre and show microscopic features of KA. Marked facial involvement is characteristic and can lead to masked facies with ectropion, as in our patient. The course of the disease is chronic and the response to therapy is poor.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = eruption
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4/17. Further evidence for autosomal dominant inheritance and ectodermal abnormalities in Kabuki syndrome.

    Most cases with Kabuki syndrome (KS) were reported sporadically. Recently, a few familial cases of KS were reported. This report provides further evidence that the KS is inherited as a dominant trait with variable expressivity. The proposita is an 18-month-old girl with facial findings characteristic of Kabuki syndrome, prominent fingertip-pads, a midsagittal cleft of vertebral body D4, hypotonia, and psychomotor retardation. Her mother had a similar facial appearance, prominent, cup-shaped ears, an abnormal dentition, early breast development, and low-normal intelligence. Because mother and daughter both had evident Kabuki syndrome, we conclude that KS in this family is inherited as a dominant trait. Further family history supports this finding. Microscopic examination of the hair of the proposita shows abnormalities consisting of trichorrhexis nodosa, twisting of the hairshafts, and irregularity of the diameter of the hair, as was described recently in a patient with KS. This could be another occasional finding in this syndrome, but further studies are required. The presence of abnormal hair, nails, and the commonly described tooth abnormalities in KS further suggest ectodermal involvement in this syndrome.
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ranking = 0.75061640714511
keywords = tooth
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5/17. The dentofacial manifestations of XXXXY syndrome: a case report.

    This paper presents a six-year-old patient with XXXXY syndrome, whose oral findings included a cleft soft palate, hyper- or meso-taurodontism in eight primary molars and in the mandibular permanent first molars, five congenitally missing premolars, and delayed development of the permanent tooth germs. The maxillary and mandibular primary central incisors were in a cross-bite relationship. Cephalometric findings showed a short ramus of the mandible and a short maxilla in the anterioposterior plane. The anteroposterior jaw relationship was in harmony. The cross-bite was considered to be due to the retroinclination of the maxillary primary incisors. This case emphasises the importance of regular dental care, and monitoring of facial growth and dental development in children with XXXXY syndrome.
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ranking = 0.75061640714511
keywords = tooth
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6/17. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: dental, clinical, genetic and dermatoglyphic findings of three cases.

    patients with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) are characterized by the clinical manifestations of hypodontia, hypohidrosis, hypotrichosis and a highly characteristic facial physiognomy. This disorder is inherited as an X-linked trait. This report presents three cases with HED in which the clinical evaluation (intraoral and radiological), genetic findings and SEM examination of hair. Boys 6 to 14 year old and a 11 year old girl were referred to the Marmara University, faculty of Dentistry, complaining of oligodontia in the maxillary and mandibular arches and delay in eruption of other teeth. Peg-shaped teeth have been observed. The dermatoglyphs of the patients were striking. SEM examination of hair demonstrated a distinctly abnormal longitudinal grooving along the entire length of each hair and a desquamation of the surface cuticles. The treatment was planned in a multidisciplinary odontological group involving pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, prosthodontics and oral surgery and maxillofacial radiology of future dental habilitation. A specially designed overdenture, a removable prosthesis and osseointegrated implants were constructed. Periodic recall visits were advised, to monitor the dentures and implants during periods of growth and development, and eruption of the permanent teeth.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = eruption
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7/17. Oral and maxillofacial surgical considerations for a case of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria.

    Hutchinson-Guilford progeria is a rare genetic condition showing the stigmata of accelerated ageing combined with severe growth retardation. patients with this condition show a classical facies and clinical features with an average age of death of 13, usually due to atherosclerotic changes. Craniofacial and dental manifestations include mandibular and maxillary hypoplasia, both vertically and horizontally. Delayed and abnormal tooth eruption and morphology are commonly present. The long-term medical prognosis and eruption potential of individual teeth is important when considering treatment. In addition to this, surgical planning and surgical technique must be modified by the abnormal facial morphology, dermal inelasticity, potential anaesthetic difficulties, and ongoing deterioration in the medical condition. These factors mandate early and definitive intervention for oral surgical conditions. We report the case of a 13-year-old male treated for pericoronitis and oral pain relating to delayed eruption of first permanent molars.
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ranking = 1.2506164071451
keywords = tooth, eruption
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8/17. The Kabuki syndrome: four patients with oral abnormalities.

    The aim of this paper is to report the oral signs and symptoms of four patients with Kabuki syndrome. All had oral abnormalities affecting the palate, teeth, and/or lips, including wide spacing between the teeth, screwdriver-shaped upper incisors, hypodontia, delayed tooth eruption, narrow spacing in the upper canine area, large pulp chambers of the upper incisors and permanent molars, external root resorption of the upper central incisors and permanent molars, a division of the lower third of the root canal in normally one-rooted teeth, tooth retention, retrognathia of the upper jaw, a high palate or cleft lip/palate, and microforms of lower lip fistula.
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ranking = 1.6678994809569
keywords = tooth, eruption
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9/17. Occlusal guidance of two Kabuki make-up syndrome patients: case reports.

    Kabuki make-up syndrome (KMS) has been reported since 1981 by Niikawa et al. Complications of KMS were moderate mental retardation, skeletal and dermatoglyphic abnormalities. A 7 year-old boy, who had severe permanent tooth deficiency, anterior open bite, tongue thrust and mild mental retardation, was referred to our clinic. Oral characters of another patient were an anterior open bite, transposition of maxillary central and lateral incisor. Orthodontic treatment in two patients is reported and suggested future treatment plans in these patients is given.
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ranking = 0.75061640714511
keywords = tooth
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10/17. Crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome.

    Crouzon craniostenosis [MIM 123500], is identified on the basis of the additional phenotypical manifestations of acanthosis nigricans, vertebral changes and cementomas of the jaws. choanal atresia and hydrocephalus are other features. The molecular defect in CDSS is a point mutation in the FGFR3 gene on chromosome 4p, whereas, the mutation in the Crouzon syndrome is in the FGFR2 gene at 10q25.3-26. An affected girl aged 2 years presented at the UWC dental genetics unit with a prior diagnosis of Crouzon syndrome. choanal atresia had necessitated a permanent tracheostomy, and hydrocephalus was managed by a shunt operation. Clinical examination revealed acanthosis nigricans in the axilliary regions, a diagnosis confirmed by a biopsy of the lesion. Eruption of the primary dentition was delayed with only six out of twenty teeth present. Radiographic examination conducted shortly after birth revealed the presence of several tooth buds in both the maxillae and the mandible. The delayed eruption of the teeth will be of significance in future orthodontic and maxillofacial measures for the improvement of the patient's facial Crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome (CDSS) was separated from the classical appearance. Molecular investigations in the girl and her parents are underway. If the specific mutation in FGFR3 is observed, a positive diagnosis of CDSS will be confirmed and the status of her parents and other family members will be determined. On this basis, appropriate genetic management can be offered to the kindred.
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ranking = 0.91728307381177
keywords = tooth, eruption
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