Cases reported "Factor XII Deficiency"

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21/47. thromboembolism and bleeding tendency in congenital factor xii deficiency--a study on 74 subjects from 14 Swiss families.

    In order to assess the clinical implications of hereditary F XII deficiency, all available members of Swiss families with F XII deficiency were investigated. Based on the F XII:C values and the family pedigree, the 74 subjects, aged 8-82 years, were classified as homozygotes/double heterozygotes for F XII deficiency (n = 18), as obligatory (n = 20) or possibly (n = 25) heterozygotes, respectively, and as normals (n = 11). None of the 18 subjects with F XII:C less than 0.01 U/ml and only one possibly heterozygous woman had an abnormal bleeding tendency, confirming the notion that Hageman trait generally does not result in a hemorrhagic diathesis. Two of the 18 subjects with severe F XII deficiency had suffered from venous thromboembolic disease at age less than 40 years. One heterozygous woman had a leg ulcer probably due to venous thrombosis. Thus, whereas homozygous F XII deficiency may be associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolic disease, partial F XII deficiency is not, by itself, a strong risk factor for thrombosis. Whereas 17 of the 18 subjects with F XII:C less than 0.01 U/ml had no detectable F XII:Ag, one cross reacting material-positive F XII deficient subject (F XII:Ag = 0.11 U/ml) was identified. The dysfunctional F XII, present in this subject's plasma and tentatively called F XII Bern, is the fourth abnormal F XII molecule identified so far.
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22/47. Superficial migratory thrombophlebitis and factor xii deficiency.

    A patient with painful migratory erythematous nodules for 7 years is presented. The nodules, which were localized on the lower and upper extremities, progressed to palpable cords. Multiple venograms showed no evidence of deep vein thrombosis. skin biopsy specimens were diagnostic of superficial thrombophlebitis. There was no evidence of internal malignancy. Extensive evaluation for an underlying hypercoagulable state was remarkable for a factor XII level 17% of normal. The patient was unresponsive to a wide range of treatments. The recalcitrant nature of his disease and lack of deep venous involvement are unique. An underlying hypercoagulable state should be considered when the diagnosis of superficial migratory thrombophlebitis is considered.
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23/47. Clinical implications of factor xii deficiency.

    A patient with known factor xii deficiency underwent extraction of four impacted third molars. Significant preoperative laboratory values included a partial thromboplastin time (PTT) of greater than 100 seconds and a factor XII level of less than 1%. The third molars were removed without any significant intraoperative or postoperative bleeding. Factor XII not only has an important function in the initiation of the intrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade, but it also plays a significant role in complement activation, kinin generation, and fibrinolysis. It would seem that a deficiency in this factor would have widespread clinical implications. In fact, the only clinical significance seems to be a predisposition to thromboembolism in factor XII deficient patients.
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24/47. Factor XII gene alteration in Hageman trait detected by TaqI restriction enzyme.

    A cDNA for coagulation factor XII has been used to investigate the presence of gene lesions and restriction fragment length polymorphisms in two brothers with Hageman trait and their family. A TaqI polymorphic fragment has been found in the two propositi and in 11 members of the paternal lineage. This polymorphism, absent in the normal population, is correlated with the reduction of factor XII activity and enables the identification of heterozygous factor xii deficiency. Factor XII gene deletion as the cause of Hageman trait in this family has been excluded. A restriction map has been constructed, and the TaqI polymorphic site has been localized within the 5' portion of the gene. The mutation in the polymorphic site is probably the cause of the factor xii deficiency. Data suggest the presence of one factor XII gene per haploid genome.
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25/47. cluster headache-like headache, Hageman trait deficiency, retrobulbar neuritis, and giant aneurysm. Autonomic function studies.

    A 56-year-old, previously reported woman with cluster headache-like headache with bouts of unilateral (the side of predominance changing through the years) severe headache had a familial history (three generations) of partial Hageman factor deficiency and bleeding episodes. A giant aneurysm was found to be lodged in the anterior communicating artery on the left side. Clinically, the features were atypical for cluster headache: onset at a young age (14 years), episodes of retrobulbar neuritis appearing at the side of pain, etc. Studies of forehead sweating indicated that the right side was the pathologic one, from an autonomic point of view, as did pupillometric studies. However, during attacks, which were left-sided at the time, forehead sweating was marked laterally on the left side and on the upper eyelid, but not on the right. The "signal" usually reaching the autonomically stigmatized side during attacks of cluster headache, therefore, did not seem to reach the sweat glands on that (the right) side during the attack in the present case. This headache may, therefore, be distinct from cluster headache, both from a clinical and from an autonomic function point of view.
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26/47. Evaluation of the clotting defect in a factor XII-deficient kindred.

    A family with factor XII severe congenital deficiency is described. Factor XII activity and factor XII antigen were both undetectable in the propositus plasma; levels of FXII:C and FXII:Ag were intermediate in heterozygotes. plasma prekallikrein activity was low in the propositus, whereas normal levels of antigen could be found, suggesting a defect of kallikrein activation due to factor xii deficiency.
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27/47. myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries and factor xii deficiency.

    A 17 year old girl had a myocardial infarction. Three days later coronary angiography showed an occlusive thrombus in the circumflex and anterior descending arteries. The coronary arteries themselves appeared to be normal, and this was confirmed at repeat angiography three months later. Tests of haemostasis showed a deficiency of factor XII.
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28/47. Combined dys-form of homozygous factor xi deficiency and heterozygous factor XII deficiency.

    A 12-year-old girl with lifelong hemorrhagic episodes was found to have both a dys-form of homozygous factor xi deficiency and heterozygous factor xii deficiency. The heredity of the coagulation defects was confirmed by family studies. Severe bleeding after dental surgery occurred in spite of replacement therapy and local measures including fibrin glue. Our findings suggest that the risk of bleeding in patients with homozygous factor xi deficiency must not be underestimated and that the most effective measure is the transfusion of sufficient amounts of fresh frozen plasma until at least the 5th postoperative day.
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29/47. factor xii deficiency with systemic lupus erythematosus. Biological implications.

    A patient with Factor XII (Hageman) deficiency and fulminant systemic lupus erythematosus is presented. The factor xii deficiency was noted prior to the onset of clinical systemic lupus erythematosus and persisted throughout the patient's course without associated hemorrhagic manifestations. There was no evidence for a circulating anticoagulant. The patient had a rapidly progressive fatal course unresponsive to corticosteroid therapy. Factor XII levels did not increase during therapy with steroids. Despite absence of Hageman factor, evidence for activation of complement by the classic pathway and thromboembolic phenomenon was observed. The role of Factor XII in coagulation and inflammatory pathways and the influence of the factor deficiency on the course of the patient's illness are discussed.
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ranking = 0.7
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30/47. Acquired factor xii deficiency in a patient with nephrotic syndrome.

    A patient with nephrotic syndrome and an acquired factor xii deficiency associated with a factor XII-like procoagulant activity in the urine was investigated. The urinary protein with procoagulant activity was isolated and comparative investigations revealed similar properties to plasma factor XII. It is suggested that the acquired coagulation defect may result from an insufficient biosynthetic capacity to compensate for the loss of factor XII in the urine.
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