Cases reported "Fallopian Tube Neoplasms"

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11/45. Multiparameter flow cytometry in the diagnosis of a gynaecologic double tumor: a case report.

    PURPOSE. An uncommon clinical presentation of metastatic tumor will often lead to additional diagnostic examinations. The patient of the present study was known to have endometrial cancer which was thought to be limited to the endometrium. Three months postoperatively, she developed ascites due to spread of the tumor, which is rarely seen in low-stage endometrial cancer. METHOD. Multiparameter flow cytometry using both cell phenotype information and dna ploidy was performed. RESULTS. Retrospectively, the patient was diagnosed as having a dna-diploid epithelial tumor of the endometrium as well as a dna-aneuploid epithelial tumor in the left fallopian tube. It was shown that 3 months after primary surgery she developed ascites caused by metastatic tumor from the primary fallopian tube cancer. CONCLUSION. The complete diagnosis was made using multiparameter flow cytometry which, at present, is not routinely applied in gynecologic pathology.
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12/45. Preoperative CT diagnosis of primary fallopian tube carcinoma in a patient with a history of total abdominal hysterectomy.

    Fallopian tube carcinoma is an unusual gynecologic malignancy that is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. We report a case of fallopian tube carcinoma occurring in a patient who had undergone a hysterectomy many years previously, in whom findings on computed tomography and ultrasound were highly suggestive of the diagnosis.
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13/45. paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: successful early detection and treatment of cancer through characterization of the anti-Purkinje cell antibody.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is thought to be caused by an autoantibody against both tumor and neuronal tissue. Such autoantibodies are most frequently detected in patients with gynecological or breast cancer, and are designated as anti-Yo. We report here a patient with PCD whose underlying cancer could not be detected despite extensive tumor survey. IgG in her serum and cerebrospinal fluid reacted with the cytoplasm of cerebellar purkinje cells immunohistochemically. On immunoelectron microscopy, the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex were stained. Her IgG bound to the 58 kD band on immunoblots of cerebellar proteins. A reaction was also observed with the recombinant proteins deduced from the complementary dna clone encoding a neuronal cell antigen reported by Sakai et al (Ann Neurol 28: 692, 1990). Based on these results, successful early resection of fallopian tube adenocarcinoma was performed. It is crucially important to characterize these PCD related autoantibodies for the early treatment of underlying malignant tumors.
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14/45. Management of advanced-stage primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube: case report and literature review.

    Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube is a very unusual gynecologic malignancy that accounts for less than 1% of all malignancies of the female genitalia. A 55-year-old, gravida 7, para 3 woman presented with no gynecologic complaints other than backache. TVS demonstrated a 35 x 25 mm heterogeneous mass that was not clearly separated from the left ovary, and another 31 x 14 mm cystic septated lesion in the left ovary region. Pelvic MRI demonstrated a 35 x 35 x 20 mm left adnexal mass that enhanced with contrast and a neighboring tubular-cystic mass. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed no malignancy. serum CA 125-level was merkedly elevated at 369 U/ml (normal < 35 U/ml). laparotomy revealed left hydrosalpinx and a papillary-fimbrial mass. Pelvic lymph node metastases were observed. Frozen-section analysis identified the mass as a serous adenocarcinoma. Total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, omentectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection, and peritoneal washing were performed. The definitive histopathological diagnosis was primary serous adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube with six of 25 lymph node biopsies showing metastasis. Six cycles of paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) plus cisplatin (75 mg/m2) combinatin chemotherapy were administered with 3-week intervals between cycles. Second-look laparotomy was performed; there was no evidence of disease. At the time of writing 12 months after the second-look laparotomy, she was still disease-free.
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keywords = gynecologic
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15/45. superior vena cava syndrome during chemotherapy for stage 3c fallopian tube adenocarcinoma.

    BACKGROUND: superior vena cava syndrome is most often encountered in patients with malignancies. The diagnosis constitutes an oncologic emergency with prompt treatment indicated to manage the acute symptoms. There are few reports describing the syndrome in patients with gynecologic malignancies and central venous catheters. Management has included treatment of the metastatic disease and anticoagulation/thrombolysis with catheter removal early in therapy. CASE REPORT: The case described is the first report of a patient with fallopian tube carcinoma complicated by SVC syndrome. The complication was attributed to an implanted venous access port being utilized to give adjuvant combination chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: superior vena cava syndrome is rarely encountered in gynecologic oncology patients and constitutes a medical emergency. When encountered in the setting of an implanted catheter, thrombolysis and anticoagulation is an alternative to catheter removal in selected patients.
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keywords = gynecologic
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16/45. Sonographic diagnosis of Fallopian tube carcinoma.

    Primary Fallopian tube carcinoma (FTC) is one of the rarest gynecological malignancies, accounting for 0.18% to 1.6% of all malignant neoplasms of the female reproductive tract. Preoperative diagnosis of FTC has been previously reported; however, most patients with FTC undergo laparotomy with a presumed diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma. The final diagnosis of FTC is usually established at the time of surgery or on pathological examination. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English scientific literature in which the preoperative diagnosis of FTC was established by the presence of an adnexal mass with an incomplete septation on transvaginal sonography.
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17/45. Management of bilateral fallopian tube carcinoma coexistent with tuberculous salpingitis.

    Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube is a rare gynecologic malignancy. Chronic tubal inflammation is associated with primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. There are only a few reports on primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube coexisting with tuberculous salpingitis. We are reporting a patient with both the primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube and tuberculous salpingitis, which were detected in bilateral fallopian tubes. The histologic type was serous adenocarcinoma. The patient was treated with total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, infracolic omentectomy, and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy followed by chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel and cisplatin. She has been alive without evidence of disease for 18 months.
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keywords = gynecologic
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18/45. Case report: Bone metastases from fallopian tube carcinoma.

    Fallopian tube carcinoma is a rare gynecologic tumor that has metastasized to bone in only one documented case. This case report is of a 56-year-old woman with a primary fallopian tube cancer metastasizing to her right femur and rib cage. This patient was referred to our orthopaedic department from her gynecologic oncologist. A total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy and oophorectomy revealed fallopian tube cancer. After surgery, the patient had progressive right thigh pain with activity. Radiographs of the femur showed a lytic lesion in the right proximal femur diaphysis with erosion of the medial cortex. We did an open biopsy and curettage of the lesion and intramedullary rod placement. The biopsy confirmed a metastatic lesion arising from the primary fallopian tube cancer. Currently, the patient is recovering and is receiving radiation and chemotherapy. In this case report, we discuss the presentation and treatment course of the patient and summarize the available literature on fallopian tube carcinomas.
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ranking = 2
keywords = gynecologic
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19/45. Mixed serous and endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube: a case report with literature review.

    Malignant neoplasms of the fallopian tube are the rarest of the gynecologic cancers. The frequency of histologic subtypes has been difficult to ascertain from the literature because most authors have not classified these tumors according to their cell types. Papillary serous adenocarcinoma appears to be the most common histologic type. On the contrary, mixed cell types of fallopian tube carcinoma have rarely been reported in the literature. A case of mixed serous and endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube is presented and the related literature is reviewed.
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keywords = gynecologic
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20/45. Sonographic appearance of fallopian tube carcinoma.

    Fallopian tube carcinoma is the least common of gynecological malignancies. We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with a 2 1/2-year history of intermittent vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal pain. Transvaginal sonography revealed a cystic lesion of the fallopian tube with papillary projections, distinct from the ovary and uterus. Doppler examination showed low vascular impedance (resistance index 0.50, pulsatility index 0.80). The suspicion of tubal malignancy was confirmed at surgery.
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keywords = gynecologic
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