Cases reported "Fatigue"

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1/146. Periodic fatigue symptoms due to desynchronization in a patient with non-24-h sleep-wake syndrome.

    A 43-year-old man complaining of recurrent fatigue symptoms and sleep disorders occurring periodically every 4 weeks was studied. Using a wrist worn actigraphy and an ambulatory rectal temperature monitoring apparatus, his sleep-wake cycle and rectal temperature were measured continuously for 4 months, while diagnostic evaluation and therapeutic interventions were conducted. It was found that after he gave up an attempt to keep to a 24-h-day, a free-running sleep wake pattern appeared but his fatigue symptoms disappeared. An analysis of the relationship between his sleep-wake cycle and the rectal temperature rhythm found that his fatigue symptoms did not appear when both rhythms were synchronized with each other. Artificial bright light therapy entrained him to a 24-h day without relapsing of fatigue symptoms. Desynchronization between a 24-h sleep-wake schedule and his circadian pacemaker may have caused his periodically appearing fatigue symptoms.
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2/146. Fat, fatigue and the feminine: the changing cultural experience of women in Hong Kong.

    This paper seeks to demonstrate that rapid economic development in hong kong has transformed not only social structures but also Chinese women's subjectivity and bodily experience, thereby producing new forms of identity, aesthetics and aspirations, in addition to novel patterns of distress. Evidence is assembled to show that women's being-thin-yet-feeling-fat and being-active-yet-feeling-tired reflect not so much psychopathology as transformation in embodied moral experience. Because such normative experiences are grounded in the conflicting demands of production and reproduction that recent social transformations have brought to bear on women's lives, "fat" and "fatigue" can be said to embody what it is to become a woman in contemporary hong kong.
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3/146. pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, antiphospholipid antibody and pulmonary hypertension in an adolescent.

    pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH); Antiphospholipid antibody (APL) is another known cause of pulmonary hypertension, due to recurrent pulmonary thromboembolism. The coincidence of both causes, PVOD and APL, without thromboembolism, in PH has not been reported previously in children. A 12.5-year-old boy presented with a one year history of fatigue. Pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed by echocardiography. Pulmonary function tests revealed a moderate restrictive pattern and elevated granulocytes were detected in bronchoalveolar lavage. An isolated high-titer APL was detected. Open lung biopsy established the diagnosis of PVOD, with no evidence of pulmonary thrombosis, but with accompanying interstitial and alveolar cellular infiltration. We speculate that APL may have played a role in the pathogenesis of PVOD. prednisone improved the symptoms of the interstitial pneumonitis and was stopped; on follow up of 30 months, the patient ist in stable condition on therapy with nifedipin, phenprocoumon and digoxin. CONCLUSIONS: PVOD and APL may be present simultaneously as a rare cause of PH. Interstitial pneumonitis may accompany PVOD and produce the leading symptoms. Open lung biopsy is essential for early establishment of the diagnosis.
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4/146. Bilateral contemporaneous posteroventral pallidotomy for the treatment of Parkinson's disease: neuropsychological and neurological side effects. Report of four cases and review of the literature.

    The authors report the underestimated cognitive, mood, and behavioral complications in patients who have undergone bilateral contemporaneous pallidotomy, as seen in their early experience with functional neurosurgery for Parkinson's disease (PD) that is accompanied by severe motor fluctuations before pallidal stimulation. Four patients, not suffering from dementia, with advanced (Hoehn and Yahr Stages III-IV), medically untreatable PD featuring severe "on-off" fluctuations underwent bilateral contemporaneous posteroventral pallidotomy (PVP). All patients were evaluated according to the Core Assessment Program for Intracerebral Transplantations (CAPIT) protocol without positron emission tomography scans but with additional neuropsychological cognitive, mood, and behavior testing. For the first 3 to 6 months postoperatively, all patients showed a mean improvement of motor scores on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), in the best "on" (21%) and worst "off" (40%) UPDRS III motor subscale, a mean 30% improvement in the UPDRS II activities of daily living (ADL) subscore, and 60% on the UPDRS IV complications of treatment subscale. Dyskinesia disappeared almost completely, and the mean daily duration of the off time was reduced by an average of 60%. Despite these good results in the CAPIT scores, one patient experienced a partially regressive corticobulbar syndrome with dysphagia, dysarthria, and increased drooling. No emotional lability was found in this patient, but he did demonstrate severe bilateral postoperative pretarsal blepharospasm (apraxia of eyelid opening), which interfered with walking and which required treatment with high-dose subcutaneous injections of botulinum toxin. No patient showed visual field defects or hemiparesis, but postoperative depression, changes in personality, behavior, and executive functions were seen in two individuals. Postoperative abulia was reported by the family of one patient, who lost his preoperative aggressiveness and drive in terms of ADL, speech, business, family life, and hobbies, and became more sleepy and fatigued. One patient reported postoperative mental automatisms, such as compulsive mental counting, and circular thoughts and reasoning during off phases; postoperative depression was found in two patients. However, none of the patients demonstrated these symptoms during intraoperative microelectrode stimulation. These findings are compatible with previous reports on bilateral pallidal lesions. A progressive lowering of UPDRS subscores was seen after 12 months, consistent with the progression of the disease. Bilateral simultaneous pallidotomy may be followed by emotional, behavioral, and cognitive deficits such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and loss of psychic autoactivation-abulia, as well as disabling corticobulbar dysfunction and apraxia of eyelid opening, in addition to previously described motor and visual field deficits, which make this surgery undesirable even though significant improvement in motor deficits can be achieved.
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5/146. Relief from profound fatigue associated with chronic liver disease by long-term ondansetron therapy.

    A woman with chronic hepatitis c and profound fatigue became symptomfree when treated long-term with ondansetron 4 mg twice daily. Altered central serotoninergic neurotransmission may contribute to fatigue complicating chronic liver disease.
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6/146. Noninvasive evaluation of adult onset myopathy from carnitine palmitoyl transferase II deficiency using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    OBJECTIVE: The adult onset metabolic myopathy of carnitine palmitoyl transferase II (CPT II) deficiency is under-recognized, in part due to variable degrees of enzyme deficiency and symptomatology, as well as limitations in means for noninvasive evaluation. We describe a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) technique, using a standard clinical magnetic resonance imaging scanner, to diagnose and help monitor the response to therapy in adult CPT II deficiency. methods: A 53-year-old woman presented with a long standing history of diffuse aching and fatigue provoked by high fat intake, fasting, or prolonged exertion. Muscle biopsy revealed myopathic features and a deficiency (33% of control) of CPT II activity with elevated palmitoyl carnitine. Proton MRS of the soleus muscle was performed using a 1.5 Tesla scanner before and during dietary therapy. RESULTS: Proton MRS revealed shortening of the transverse relaxation time (T2), consistent with increased acetylation of the carnitine pool. The symptoms resolved completely by treatment with frequent feedings of a high carbohydrate diet low in long chain fatty acids supplemented with medium chain triglycerides and L-carnitine. Recovery of normal muscle MRS and carnitine T2 relaxation was documented by the third month of therapy. CONCLUSION: Proton MRS is a novel, potentially useful, and readily available adjunct in the diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of muscle CPT II deficiency.
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7/146. adrenal insufficiency: an uncommon cause of fatigue.

    BACKGROUND: adrenal insufficiency is a rare condition that can cause common and nonspecific symptoms. One such symptom, reported by all patients with adrenal insufficiency, is fatigue. On the other hand, up to 20% of patients seeking care from primary care physicians will have fatigue as a complaint. Only a small percentage of patients are found to have underlying medical disease. methods: A medline literature search was performed from 1966 to the present using the key words "fatigue," "adrenal insufficiency," and "polyglandular autoimmune endocrinopathy." Major endocrinology textbooks were also referenced. In addition, references were obtained from bibliographies of available articles. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: This article describes a patient with adrenal insufficiency and fatigue as the primary complaint. A brief discussion of fatigue and clues to organic causes follows, along with a more detailed discussion of adrenal insufficiency. Important medical history or signs and symptoms of organic disease suggest the need for screening tests and more detailed evaluation to uncover the uncommon medical causes of fatigue.
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8/146. fatigue in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer: characteristics, course, and correlates.

    This study investigated the characteristics, course, and correlates of fatigue in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Fifty-four patients were assessed before the start of chemotherapy and during the first three treatment cycles. An age-matched sample of women with no cancer history was assessed at similar time intervals for comparison purposes. Results indicated that breast cancer patients experienced worse fatigue than women with no cancer history. These differences were evident before and after patients started chemotherapy. In addition, fatigue worsened among patients after treatment started. More severe fatigue before treatment was associated with poorer performance status and the presence of fatigue-related symptoms (e.g., sleep problems and muscle weakness). Increases in fatigue after chemotherapy started were associated with continued fatigue-related symptoms and the development of chemotherapy side effects (e.g., nausea and mouth sores). These findings demonstrate the clinical significance of fatigue in breast cancer patients before and during adjuvant chemotherapy treatment. Results also suggest that aggressive management of common side effects, such as nausea and pain, may be useful in relieving chemotherapy-related fatigue.
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9/146. Aneurysmal portosystemic venous shunt: a case report.

    A case of an aneurysmal portosystemic venous shunt detected by colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) is presented. A young female patient complained of postprandial fatigue and had paroxysmal tachycardia. A direct vascular communication between right portal vein and right hepatic vein was found at CDUS and confirmed by direct portal angiogram. Using detachable coils a complete occlusion of the intrahepatic shunt was obtained. Reports from the literature regarding portovenous aneurysms are reviewed.
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10/146. Rhythmic cortical and muscle discharges induced by fatigue in corticobasal degeneration.

    We describe a patient presenting clinical features of corticobasal degeneration (CBD), including reflex myoclonus in the left upper limb. This patient complained of a marked worsening of involuntary movements in the left upper limb after exercise. We analysed the electrophysiological characteristics of myoclonus in the basal state and after a fatiguing exercise in the left upper limb. In the basal condition, single trials recording EEG showed a cortical complex occurring 20 ms after stimulation of the left median nerve. Surface EMG recordings of the left first dorsal interosseous (FDI) revealed an isolated biphasic C1 response 49 ms after stimulation. After exercise, single trials recording EEG following shocks to the left median nerve showed rhythmic complexes with a duration of approximately 80 ms. EEG complexes were made of a series of 3 bursts, with intervals between bursts tending to cluster at approximately 22 ms. These rhythmic complexes were associated with repetitive activity in the left FDI. We conclude that rhythmic cortical and muscle discharges can be induced by fatigue in CBD.
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