Cases reported "Febrile Neutropenia"

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1/8. Disseminated cystic lymphangiomatosis presenting with acute abdomen: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. Lymphangiomatosis, a benign tumor consisting of a cluster of dilated lymphatic channels, is very unusual. Most lymphangiomatoses are found in the neck and head area. Less than 5% are diagnosed intraabdominally and they are very infrequently encountered in the retroperitoneal area. Herein, we report a rare case of a 32 year-old woman who had disseminated intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomatosis, which presented as acute abdomen. She received exploratory laparotomy due to the suspicion of malignancy, which was finally confirmed as cystic lymphangiomatosis. The clinical manifestations, imaging features, and management of this patient are discussed and compared with previous literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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2/8. Accidentally delayed diagnosis of ruptured ovarian carcinoma in a young woman: a care report.

    Ovarian carcinoma commonly occurs in postmenopausal women and often presents with an insidious course. Acute abdomen is rarely an initial symptom. When these patients present with abdominal discomfort, the disease has already spread throughout the peritoneal cavity. We present a case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a young woman who presented with acute abdomen and intra-abdominal bleeding. This 24-year-old woman was previously diagnosed with a ruptured left ovarian cystic tumor at a primary clinic. She underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy, followed by unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the clinic. No thorough examination of the peritoneal cavity was done during surgery. The diagnosis of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma was accidentally over-looked until one month later when she returned for routine follow-up. Upon referral to our clinic, the patient underwent a repeat laparotomy. The surgicopathologic diagnosis was intraperitoneal carcinomatosis stage IIIC that could not be excised completely, even though rigorous staging surgery including washing cytology, total abdominal hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, appendectomy, infracolic omentectomy and excision of any suspicious and removable lesions were performed. This case alerts us to consider the possibility of ovarian malignancy when a young woman presents with an acute abdomen secondary to ruptured ovarian cystic tumor and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Careful preoperative preparation and thorough intrasurgical examination of the peritoneal cavity along with a prompt pathologic diagnosis of suspicious lesions will prevent missed diagnoses.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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3/8. Ruptured metastatic ovarian carcinoma presenting as acute abdomen.

    Acute abdomen is a challenge to first-line physicians because of frequently missed diagnoses and potential follow-on legal problems. Improving the management of these patients is of paramount importance, not only for saving lives, but also for reducing untoward problems associated with improper management. We present a case of a patient with acute abdomen due to intraperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to rupture of an ovarian tumor. Following emergency surgery, the patient was diagnosed with metastatic ovarian carcinoma. Because of improper preparation of the gastrointestinal tract, the patient underwent repeat exploratory laparotomy for colon carcinoma. Although this situation did not affect the outcome of the patient in this case, we are concerned that the patient did not benefit from a single operation, with primary complete excision of the tumor plus a colostomy. The outcome of patients with pelvic malignancy, especially those with ovarian carcinoma, might be better if initial surgery achieved optimal tumor debulking. This is possible with good preoperative planning and preparation. We emphasize the importance of preoperative preparation in spite of urgently needed care. Furthermore, every first-line physician should communicate the possibility of malignancy to patients and their families.
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ranking = 2
keywords = malignancy
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4/8. Cryptorchid testicular tumour presenting with torsion.

    An undescended, cryptorchid testis is predisposed to 3 to 40 times risk of malignancy. Torsion of a cryptorchid testis is more difficult to diagnose than a normally placed testis. We present a case of a 25-year-old man with acute abdomen due to the torsion of an intra-abdominal testis. Subsequent histopathology of the testis revealed seminoma, making this single testis the seat for triple pathology. Orchidectomy was done followed by radiotherapy. A follow-up of upto nine months showed no recurrence or metastases.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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5/8. Internal hemorrhage caused by a twisted malignant ovarian dysgerminoma: ultrasonographic findings of a rare case and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: Ovarian cancer presents as an acute abdomen very rarely. The purpose of the study is the description of a right ovarian malignant dysgerminoma presenting as an abdominal emergency. CASE: A 16-year-old white female presented with acute abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa. On physical examination the abdomen was acute and a mass in the right lower abdomen was palpated. The patient was sexually active and bimanual gynecological examination revealed the presence of a large lobulated solid tumor in the position of the right adnexa. Ultrasound examination showed the presence of a large, multilobulated, heterogeneous, predominantly solid pelvic mass. color flow imaging showed intratumoral flow signals. The uterus and the left ovary had normal size and echo-texture. Fluid was found in the cul-de-sac and in Morisson's space. An immediate exploratory laparotomy exposed the presence of a twisted right ovarian mass and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. A superficial tumoral vessel actively bleeding was seen. Peritoneal fluid was obtained for cytology. The intra-abdominal hemorrhage ceased when the ovarian pedicle was clamped. The patient underwent right salpingo-oophorectomy and biopsy of the omentum. Pathologic analysis revealed a malignant dysgerminoma of the right ovary, expanding to the mesosalpinx. Cytology was positive for malignancy. Postoperative CT scan of the upper and lower abdomen was negative. The patient was assigned to FIGO Stage IIC and referred for platinum-based chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Ovarian malignant dysgerminoma may present as an acute abdomen because of torsion, passive blood congestion, rupture of superficial tumoral vessels and subsequent intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Ovarian dysgerminoma should be part of the differential diagnosis in a young woman with acute surgical abdomen and a solid heterogeneous pelvic mass detected by ultrasonographic scan.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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6/8. Cryptorchism with a large abdominal mass--a challenge.

    The undescended testis is associated with an increased incidence of testicular malignancy. The position of the undescended testis is related to the likelihood of carcinogenesis, with the intra-abdominal testis having the highest malignant potential. We present 3 patients to illustrate this tendency and to highlight the unusual presentation as an "acute abdomen".
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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7/8. High-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma in a 16-year-old girl.

    Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare uterine malignancy with a variety of morphologic characteristics and clinical courses. We describe a case of high-grade malignant ESS in an adolescent girl, arising in a rudimentary uterine horn and presenting symptoms of an acute abdomen. The patient underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and omentectomy due to a stage IVA high-grade ESS. An adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment was recommended, but 10 days after her discharge the condition of the patient deteriorated, with diffused metastases into the lungs and the abdomen, and finally she succumbed to the disease 1 month after her first admission to the hospital.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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8/8. A case of type 3 choledochal cyst masquerading as acute abdominal pain.

    A type 3 choledochal cyst, presenting with acute abdominal pain attacks, was diagnosed in a 24-year-old man. Previously he had undergone exploratory laparotomy for acute abdominal pain, which had proved negative. An internal drainage procedure was chosen as the surgical procedure. The patient is under constant follow-up because of the risk of a malignancy developing.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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