Cases reported "Fecal Incontinence"

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1/194. Neurological complications in insufficiency fractures of the sacrum. Three case-reports.

    Three cases of nerve root compromise in elderly women with insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are reported. Neurological compromise is generally felt to be exceedingly rare in this setting. A review of 493 cases of sacral insufficiency fractures reported in the literature suggested an incidence of about 2%. The true incidence is probably higher since many case-reports provided only scant information on symptoms; furthermore, sphincter dysfunction and lower limb paresthesia were the most common symptoms and can readily be overlooked or misinterpreted in elderly patients with multiple health problems. The neurological manifestations were delayed in some cases. A full recovery was the rule. The characteristics of the sacral fracture were not consistently related with the risk of neurological compromise. In most cases there was no displacement and in many the foramina were not involved. The pathophysiology of the neurological manifestations remains unclear. We suggest that patients with sacral insufficiency fractures should be carefully monitored for neurological manifestations. ( info)

2/194. Endoscopically assisted gracilis harvest for use as a free and pedicled flap.

    Endoscopic assistance in soft tissue surgery may prove to greatly aid in the improvement of cosmesis and reduction of morbidity in certain procedures. The scar produced from open gracilis harvest is the most common complaint following surgery. We present five cases of endoscopically assisted gracilis harvest for use as a neosphincter and in foot reconstruction. The operative technique is described. ( info)

3/194. L4-5 disk lesion resulting in back pain with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction without paraparesis.

    This is a case report of a patient with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction associated with low back pain. This patient had an essentially normal neurological examination. There was radiological evidence of a disk lesion, and urodynamic findings consistent with lower motor neuron bladder dysfunction. His symptoms are attributed to a L4-5 disk herniation resulting in a partial cauda equina syndrome. The relevant anatomy is reviewed, and the differential diagnosis is discussed. ( info)

4/194. cauda equina syndrome after spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric 5% lignocaine: a review of six cases of cauda equina syndrome reported to the Swedish Pharmaceutical insurance 1993-1997.

    Six cases of cauda equina syndrome with varying severity were reported to the Swedish Pharmaceutical insurance during the period 1993-1997. All were associated with spinal anaesthesia using hyperbaric 5% lignocaine. Five cases had single-shot spinal anaesthesia and one had a repeat spinal anaesthetic due to inadequate block. The dose of hyperbaric 5% lignocaine administered ranged from 60 to 120 mg. Three of the cases were most likely caused by direct neurotoxicity of hyperbaric 5% lignocaine. In the other 3 cases, direct neurotoxicity was also probable, but unfortunately radiological investigations were not done to definitely exclude a compressive aetiology. All cases sustained permanent neurological deficits. We recommend that hyperbaric lignocaine should be administered in concentrations not greater than 2% and at a total dose preferably not exceeding 60 mg. ( info)

5/194. Idiopathic spinal cord herniation: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare condition, reported in only 25 patients thus far, in which the thoracic cord is prolapsed through an anterior dural defect. It typically presents in middle age as either brown-sequard syndrome or spastic paraparesis. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman initially presented at the age of 41 years with brown-sequard syndrome at the T8 disc space level on the left side. Investigations, including primitive magnetic resonance imaging, were deemed negative at that time. After a stepwise deterioration over 14 years, she presented again with spastic paraparesis and double incontinence, in addition to her previous spinothalamic dysfunction. magnetic resonance imaging at this stage suggested either ISCH or a dorsal arachnoid cyst. INTERVENTION: Through a T7-T8 laminectomy, a left-of-midline ISCH was identified and easily reduced by gentle cord traction. No dorsal arachnoid cyst was identified. The anterior dural defect was repaired with a XenoDerm patch (LifeCell Corp., Woodlands, TX). After surgery, there was improved motor and sphincter function. However, there was continued sensory disturbance. CONCLUSION: ISCH is rare cause of thoracic cord dysfunction. Despite prolonged diagnostic delay, significant clinical improvement may be obtained with ISCH reduction and anterior dural repair. ( info)

6/194. Successfully managing incontinence-related irritant dermatitis across the lifespan.

    The management of irritant dermatitis caused by incontinence is not always an easy patient care problem to solve. A brief review of the literature demonstrated that irritant dermatitis from body fluids is either not an issue in the healthcare arena or that only a few individuals have recognized it as a healthcare concern. Many products are used to treat this type of dermatitis, yet this can be a very challenging problem for the clinician and painful problem for the patient. It is imperative for healthcare providers to be aware of the effects of stool and urine on the skin, how products interact with body waste, and how to manage this problem properly. ( info)

7/194. Total anorectal and partial vaginal reconstruction with dynamic graciloplasty and colonic vaginoplasty after extended abdominoperineal resection: report of a case.

    PURPOSE: quality of life is altered after abdominoperineal resection, because of permanent iliac colostomy. Psychological rehabilitation is even more difficult after extended abdominoperineal resection to the vagina, because of the loss of both continence and sexual functions. We report the first case of total anorectal and vaginal reconstruction using dynamic graciloplasty and colonic vaginoplasty after extended abdominoperineal resection. methods: A 46-year-old female underwent extended abdominoperineal resection with posterior colpectomy for a low rectal adenocarcinoma infiltrating the anal sphincter and vagina. Anorectal reconstruction was performed with coloperineal anastomosis and double dynamic graciloplasty. Vaginal reconstruction was performed using a 10-cm, isolated, rotated sigmoid loop. The procedure was performed in three stages, including abdominoperineal resection with reconstruction, implantation of the stimulator, and closure of the temporary ileostomy. RESULTS: Resting and electrostimulated pressures of the neosphincter were 40 and 110 cm H2O respectively. Continence was achieved for formed stools two months after closure of the stoma, with spontaneous defecations (30-90 minutes). The patient experienced regular sexual activity six months after closure of the stoma. CONCLUSION: This new original technique can be proposed in selected young females after extended abdominoperineal resection, to preserve continence, sexual activity, and body image. ( info)

8/194. fecal incontinence and the menstrual cycle: a case report.

    urinary tract dysfunction influenced by the menstrual cycle has been described. This case demonstrates mensturation-influenced fecal incontinence. The patient had difficulty with stool control and rectal hygiene only during the week prior to her period. These symptoms had been present since she had discontinued oral birth control. Progestin levels and anal manometry were obtained during the secretory and luteal phases of her cycle and demonstrated a difference in resting anal tone between phases. Progestin smooth muscle relaxation is presumed to have uncovered an already weakened anal continence mechanism. With reinstitution of oral contraceptive pills the patient's cyclic fecal incontinence resolved. ( info)

9/194. Implementing an incontinence program in long-term care settings. A multidisciplinary approach.

    urinary incontinence is a prevalent and costly problem in long-term care settings. Impaired bladder function can cause many physical and social problems, such as impaired skin integrity, falls, and altered psychological well-being. Fortunately, there are several low-risk interventions that can cure or improve continence status in many individuals, regardless of cognitive status. Basic assessment of medical and environmental status, as outlined in this article, can assist staff in determining transient conditions which often alter bladder control. Because many interventions are dependent on mobility, dexterity, and diet, an interdisciplinary approach is ideal. ( info)

10/194. Pneumatosis coli: an uncommon but treatable cause of faecal incontinence.

    Pneumatosis intestinalis is defined as the presence of gas within the bowel wall. Small bowel pneumatosis is less commonly reported and more severe than colonic disease in adults. Pneumatosis coli is characterised by multiple collections of encysted gas occurring within the sub-mucosa and subserosa of the colon and rectum. It is an uncommon condition which typically presents in late middle age and has been associated with a number of gastrointestinal (e.g. pyloric stenosis, sigmoid volvulus and ischaemic bowel) and non-gastrointestinal (e.g. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression and multiple sclerosis) diseases. Some cases, however, are idiopathic or primary. Symptoms can include diarrhoea, constipation, mucus per rectum, bleeding, flatus, abdominal pain and, rarely, faecal incontinence. We report on two patients, one of whom presented with faecal incontinence, the other who had troublesome lower gastrointestinal symptoms including faecal incontinence. Both responded well to continuous oxygen therapy. ( info)
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