Cases reported "Femoral Neck Fractures"

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1/235. Femoral neck stress fracture presenting as gluteal pain in a marathon runner: case report.

    A case is described of a 50-year-old man with a femoral neck stress fracture presenting as gluteal pain. An operative pinning procedure of the femoral neck was performed for stabilization. Femoral neck stress fractures are often misdiagnosed early in their presentation. The signs and symptoms can mimic those of more commonly seen disorders. Appropriate physiatric history and physical examination, along with indicated studies, will help prevent misdiagnosis and potentially serious complications associated with musculoskeletal pathology.
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2/235. Eighteen fractures in a man with profound mental retardation.

    A 39-year-old man with generalized tonic clonic epilepsy and profound mental retardation sustained 18 fractures (15 in appendicular and 3 in axial bones) during 19 years. Both femoral necks were fractured, requiring surgical repair. Although he had been on antiepileptic drugs for 35 years, he had no radiographic or biochemical sign of osteomalacia. He had a very low bone mineral density, suggesting osteoporosis. This case illustrates an important medical problem affecting people with developmental disability and a management challenge for their caretakers.
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3/235. Bilateral femoral neck fractures secondary to hypocalcemic seizures in a skeletally immature patient.

    We report the case of an 11-year-old, skeletally immature boy who sustained bilateral femoral neck fractures during seizure activity. These fractures were due to hypocalcemia. Although this condition is a rare complication of seizures, its early recognition and treatment are essential to minimize complications associated with the delayed treatment of intracapsular hip fractures.
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4/235. Changes on magnetic resonance images after traumatic avascular necrosis of the femoral head.

    SUMMARY: We describe two cases of avascular necrosis after traumatic fracture of the femoral neck. The size and signal intensity of the necrotic areas changed on follow-up magnetic resonance images. magnetic resonance imaging is suitable for showing resolvable changes that radiographic study cannot demonstrate during the clinical course.
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5/235. An unusual extraspinal cause of bilateral leg pain.

    low back pain with pain radiating to the lower extremities is common in patients referred to a spine center. Lumbar spine pathology is commonly the etiology of such symptoms, but extraspinal causes of back and leg pain can manifest as a radicular disorder. Extraspinal etiologies must be considered in the workup of back and leg pain. This report describes an unusual case of spontaneously occurring bilateral femoral neck stress fractures presenting as low back pain with seemingly bilateral L4 radicular symptoms.
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6/235. Insufficiency fracture of the femoral neck after intramedullary nailing.

    We report a patient with insufficiency fracture that occurred after intramedullary nailing for a subtrochanteric fracture. Intramedullary nailing is speculated to have increased the stress in the already osteoporotic subcapital region. It therefore should be recognized as a causative factor in insufficiency fracture of the femoral neck. Careful follow-up is needed for patients with this condition.
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7/235. Subcapital femoral neck fracture after closed reduction and internal fixation of an intertrochanteric hip fracture: a case report and review of the literature.

    A subcapital femoral neck fracture in a healed intertrochanteric fracture treated by an open reduction and internal fixation is a rare, but catastrophic, event. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman, a community ambulator, who sustained a displaced right intertrochanteric hip fracture during a fall. She was treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with a dynamic compression hip screw and side plate. Four months later, she was noted to have a displaced subcapital femoral neck fracture and underwent hip screw and side plate hardware removal and cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty. Both postoperative recoveries were uncomplicated, and she was discharged to a rehabilitation facility able to ambulate with minimal assistance. This devastating complication in patients with osteoporosis may be prevented by deeper placement of the dynamic hip compression lag screw to within 5 mm to 8 mm of the subchondral bone, which may decrease the stress forces in the subcapital femoral neck.
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8/235. Broken Ender nails after fixation of concomitant ipsilateral fractures of the femoral neck and shaft.

    Concomitant ipsilateral fractures of the upper part and shaft of the femur are uncommon injuries. Because of the small number of cases reported and the diversity of devices used, no single type of internal fixation stands out as the best treatment for both of these fractures. This report describes a case of concomitant ipsilateral fractures of the femoral neck and shaft that is further distinguished by a rare complication: breakage of Ender nails after fixation.
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9/235. Hip fracture and bone histomorphometry in a young adult with cystic fibrosis.

    A 25-yr-old male with cystic fibrosis sustained a fragility fracture of the left femoral neck, which required surgical correction. He had several risk factors for the development of low bone density and despite treatment with an oral bisphosphonate, his bone mineral density reduced further. The patient died 2 yrs after sustaining the fracture. Bone specimens obtained at post mortem demonstrated severe cortical and trabecular osteopenia, but the histological features were not typical of osteoporosis or osteomalacia. osteoporosis is thought to be a common complication of cystic fibrosis. The novel histomorphometric appearances reported here suggest that the bone disease of cystic fibrosis may be more complex and possibly unique. Labelled bone biopsies are required to clarify the bone defect leading to low bone density in cystic fibrosis patients so that appropriate therapeutic strategies can be developed.
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10/235. Progressive bone resorption after pathological fracture of the femoral neck in Hunter's syndrome.

    We report a case of Hunter's syndrome associated with a transverse fracture of the left femoral neck after minor trauma, followed by progressive resorption of the femoral head at 12 years of age and a stress fracture of the right femoral neck at 16 years of age. MRI performed at 15 years of age revealed intra-articular low intensity on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images of both hip joints. The MR finding may represent fibrous synovial thickening, which caused pressure erosion of the femoral neck, resultant pathological and/or stress fractures, and subsequent osteonecrosis with rapid absorption of the femoral head.
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