Cases reported "Fetal Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/222. Evolution of left ventricular diseasein the fetus. Case report.

    A fetal case is described that showed a rapid progression from the features of initial left ventricular fibroelastosis at 20 weeks of gestation to a more marked dilation at 22 weeks and finally to a hypoplastic left ventricle with aortic stenosis at 24 weeks of gestation. This case confirms the evolutive character of left ventricular disease during fetal life.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/222. Neurological morbidity after fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia.

    BACKGROUND: Fetal tachyarrhythmia is a well-documented entity which, in the absence of pharmacological intervention, may lead to congestive heart failure, fetal hydrops and eventually fetal demise. The success rate of the implemented treatment is generally measured by survival and achievement of control of the arrhythmia. We report on the occurrence of associated cerebral damage in three patients with fetal tachycardia. methods: We describe three patients with a history of fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia who developed cerebral complications in utero. RESULTS: Two patients had cerebral hypoxic-ischemic lesions and one had hemorrhagic lesions present at birth. They had developed severe congestive heart failure and fetal hydrops secondary to fetal tachyarrhythmia, and there were no other obvious causes for the cerebral pathology. Two of these patients were referred to us antenatally. Therapy was instituted and resulted in control of the tachycardia and resolution of hydrops. The third patient was referred to our clinic shortly after birth because of severe circulatory problems secondary to fetal tachyarrhythmia. CONCLUSION: From these observations, we believe that a fetus with tachyarrhythmia and subsequent hydrops is at increased risk for the development of cerebral complications, due to the circulatory disturbances and sudden changes in heart rate which may lead to fluctuations in cerebral perfusion. This would imply that it is of the utmost importance to aim at immediate and complete control of the heart rate in the treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5479812308503
keywords = cerebral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/222. Abnormal ductus venosus blood flow: a clue to umbilical cord complication.

    We report a case of umbilical cord complication causing, fetal hypoxemia and acidemia. At 30 weeks of gestation, the patient was referred because of slightly increased amniotic fluid volume and a non-reactive cardiotocogram. biometry was appropriate for gestational age. Umbilical artery and fetal aortic Doppler findings were normal, whereas diastolic blood flow velocities in the middle cerebral artery were increased and the ductus venosus showed severely abnormal flow velocity waveforms with reversal of flow during atrial contraction. Since other reasons for fetal hypoxemia could be excluded, careful examination of the umbilical cord was performed. traction of the hypercoiled umbilical cord due to its course around the fetal neck and shoulders was suspected. cesarean section confirmed the sonographic findings and fetal blood gases revealed fetal acidemia. This case indicates that investigation of fetal venous blood flow may also help to identify fetal jeopardy due to reasons other than increased placental vascular resistance.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25799687180838
keywords = cerebral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/222. prenatal diagnosis of unilateral megalencephaly by 2D and 3D ultrasound: a case report.

    Unilateral megalencephaly is a rare malformation of the central nervous system characterized by an overgrowth of one cerebral hemisphere due to an anomaly of neuronal cell migration. It shows macroscopic and histological alterations of the central nervous tissue. We report on a case of this malformation detected prenatally with the support of 3D ultrasonography.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25799687180838
keywords = cerebral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/222. Disseminated intravascular meconium in a newborn with meconium peritonitis.

    A 3-day-old premature infant with meconium peritonitis, periventricular leukomalacia, and pulmonary hypertension died with respiratory insufficiency. An autopsy disclosed intravascular squamous cells in the lungs, brain, liver, pancreas, and kidneys. Numerous pulmonary capillaries and arterioles were occluded by squamous cells, accounting for pulmonary hypertension. brain parenchyma surrounding occluded cerebral vessels showed infarct and gliosis. A mediastinal lymph node filled with squamous cells alluded to the mechanism by which these cells from the peritoneal cavity likely entered the bloodstream--namely, via diaphragmatic pores connecting with lymphatics. Thus, disseminated intravascular meconium rarely may complicate meconium peritonitis and have devastating consequences.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25799687180838
keywords = cerebral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/222. Heterotaxy-neural tube defect and holoprosencephaly occuring independently in two sib fetuses.

    We report on two sib fetuses, products of a consanguineous union, who had multiple and apparently unrelated malformations. The first fetus, a female, had trilobed lungs, a single cardiac ventricle, asplenia, situs ambiguus of the liver, and a lumbosacral meningomyelocele. The brain of this fetus was normal. The second fetus, a male, had bilobed lungs, a single cardiac ventricle, situs solitus of the abdominal organs and spleen, and a semilobar holoprosencephaly. The occurrence of these malformations in sibs of different sexes and the parental consanguinity suggest a recessive mutation in a gene responsible for both heterotaxy and midline defects, including holoprosencephaly.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/222. Fetal craniofacial structure and intracranial morphology in a case of Apert syndrome.

    Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia and bilateral syndactyly. We document in detail the intrauterine natural history of Apert syndrome by serial sonographic examination. Ultrasound examination of a 19-week fetus revealed an abnormal appearance of the skull. The subsequent examination including transvaginal brain scanning demonstrated a deformed occipital part of the cerebrum and lateral ventricles, frontal bossing, a low nasal bridge and an abnormal appearance of the fetal hands and feet. The distortion of the fetal profile became progressively worse with advancing gestation. Towards the end of pregnancy, anterior prominence of the cerebrum, ventricles and corpus callosum was demonstrated and mild non-progressive ventriculomegaly was seen. The female 3152-g newborn with the typical facial appearance of Apert syndrome, bilateral syndactyly of the fingers and toes and isolated cleft palate was delivered at 37 weeks. Postnatal three-dimensional computed tomography scan demonstrated the fusion of the coronal suture and a wide mid-line calvarial defect, and cranial magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the prenatal sonographic findings. Although the karyotype was normal, genomic dna analysis of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 revealed Ser252Trp, which is specified in the mutational basis of Apert syndrome. The time course of the prenatal findings in this case may help increase understanding of the intrauterine natural history of Apert syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/222. Congenital glioblastoma diagnosed by fetal sonography.

    Congenital brain tumors are very rare, and 2-9% of them are accounted for by glioblastomas. We encountered a case of congenital glioblastoma detected at the 39th week of gestation by fetal sonography, which revealed a large echogenic mass in the left temporo-parietal area of the fetal brain with significant midline shift and dilatation of the contralateral lateral ventricle. A detailed sonogram obtained 7 h later showed that the mass had increased in size, and this suggested an expanding hematoma. An emergency cesarean section was performed. Postnatal MRI demonstrated an enhancing mass with a large hematoma. biopsy revealed a malignant brain tumor. Further management was refused and the boy died 6 days after birth. The postmortem pathological diagnosis was glioblastoma. When fetal sonography demonstrates an echogenic mass, a congenital brain tumor should be considered. The mode of delivery should be determined by the nature of the mass and the condition of the fetus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/222. prenatal diagnosis of Down's syndrome in the presence of isolated Ebstein's anomaly.

    Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital cardiac defect, characterized by the displacement of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle, that occurs approximately once in 20,000 live births. The association of Ebstein's anomaly and chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down's syndrome, is extremely unusual. prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 21 in a fetus with isolated Ebstein's anomaly has not been previously reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ventricle
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/222. First-trimester ultrasound diagnosis of holoprosencephaly: three case reports.

    We present three cases of fetal holoprosencephaly diagnosed by transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examinations at 10 and 13 weeks' gestation. The diagnosis was based on two sonographic criteria: first, the intracranial finding of a single ventricle with a cerebral mantle and no visible midline structures but fusion of the thalami and corpus striatum; and, second, facial abnormalities, including hypotelorism. The ultrasound findings were confirmed by embryoscopy before abortion in one case and by pathological examination after abortion in two cases. Chromosome study of the three fetuses showed trisomy 18, triploidy and mosaic 18p deletion and duplication.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.2579968718084
keywords = ventricle, cerebral
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Fetal Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.