Cases reported "Fetal Growth Retardation"

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1/84. prenatal diagnosis of nonmosaic trisomy 9 in a fetus with severe renal disease.

    We report a case of nonmosaic trisomy 9 presenting at 21 weeks of gestation with polycystic, echogenic horseshoe kidney, collapsed bladder, absent amniotic fluid, and intrauterine growth restriction. color Doppler imaging demonstrated no blood flow signals from renal vessels. fetal blood sampling confirmed a 47,XX, 9 karyotype, with no evidence of mosaicism, and increased serum beta2-microglobulin levels of 10.7 mg/l, consistent with severe renal failure. A repeat scan at 23 weeks also revealed a dysmorphic face, bilateral microphthalmia, and a cerebellar vermian defect. Follow-up examinations showed progressive growth restriction leading to fetal death at 33 weeks of gestation. This report demonstrates that fetuses with nonmosaic trisomy 9 may present with severe renal abnormalities and confirms that cases seen in the second and third trimesters usually have a dismal outcome.
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keywords = trisomy
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2/84. prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 20 mosaicism by maternal serum screening for down syndrome.

    We report two cases of prenatally diagnosed trisomy 20 mosaicism associated with positive down syndrome screening at 16 weeks' gestation. Both infants exhibited normal growth and mental development.These cases suggest that the multiple-marker screening test may play an important role in prenatal detection and diagnosis of chromosomal anomalies in addition to down syndrome.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = trisomy
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3/84. Severe intra-uterine growth retardation in a patient with maternal uniparental disomy 22 and a 22-trisomic placenta.

    We report on a maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 22 in a patient with severe intra-uterine growth retardation. karyotyping of a placental tissue revealed non-mosaic trisomy 22, whereas lymphocyte chromosomes from the newborn were normal 46,XY. Microsatellite analysis using dna extracted from white blood cells showed maternal uniparental heterodisomy for chromosome 22. Thus, the conceptus started as maternal trisomy due to meiotic non-disjunction, and trisomy rescue occurred subsequently through loss of the paternal homologue resulting in maternal uniparental disomy. Normal phenotypes in previous reports have suggested that maternal UPD 22 has no impact on the phenotype. Thus, growth retardation in this patient was probably caused by dysfunction of the trisomic placenta.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = trisomy
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4/84. prenatal diagnosis of partial trisomy 4q26-qter and monosomy for the Wolf-Hirschhorn critical region in a fetus with split hand malformation.

    We describe the results of prenatal analyses and postnatal findings in a male fetus with a partial trisomy for the long arm and a small terminal monosomy for the short arm of chromosome 4 with the following karyotype: 46,XY,add(4)(p16.3).ish dup(4)(q26qter)(wcp4 , D4S2336x3,AFMb280xa5x2,4ptel-,WHCR-). G-banding did not identify the origin of the additional chromosomal segment, but this was achieved prenatally by application of RxFISH and whole chromosome painting probes. Subsequent FISH analysis with region-specific YAC clones was used to relate the phenotypic findings such as bilateral split hand formation, specific cardiac and kidney anomalies, microtia, and hypoplastic thorax more exactly to the partial trisomy of the segment 4q26-qter.
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ranking = 1.4580566054782
keywords = trisomy, partial trisomy
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5/84. insulin-like growth factor serum concentrations reflect insufficient growth in a hypoplastic infant with partial trisomy 9q in the 12th week of life.

    This report presents changes of IGFs and IGFBPs in a female infant with partial trisomy 9q in the 12th week of life. Studying deficient growth in this hypoplastic infant (birth weight 1405 g, birth length 36 cm) with dysmorphic features, the following changes in IGFs and IGFBPs were detected (microg/l): IGF-I: 26.5 vs 48.1 in healthy infants; IGF-II: 420 vs 728; IGFBP-2: 931 vs 524; IGFBP-3: 800 vs 1070. This demonstrates that IGFs and IGFBPs may reflect individual insufficient growth even at this early age.
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ranking = 1.2150471712318
keywords = trisomy, partial trisomy
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6/84. Maternal uniparental disomy 7--review and further delineation of the phenotype.

    uniparental disomy (UPD) is defined as the inheritance of both homologous chromosomes from only one parent. So far, maternal UPD 7 has been described in 28 cases. Here, we report 4 new cases, present clinical information of 5 cases previously reported by us, and review the clinical and molecular findings of all 32 cases. We found a phenotype characterized by pre- and postnatal growth retardation, occipitofrontal head circumference in the lower normal range, a triangular face, and retarded bone maturation. Findings of the facial gestalt included a high and broad forehead and a pointed chin. A broad mouth with down-turned corners, prominent ears, cafe-au-lait spots, hemihypotrophy, or clinodactyly were rarely present. Psychomotor development was delayed in 6 cases. The clinical findings strikingly resemble the phenotype of the heterogeneous silver-russell syndrome (SRS). Other anomalies were less frequently found than in SRS. Molecular investigations revealed 11 cases with isodisomy and 17 cases with heterodisomy. In 4 cases this information was not available. From the allelic distribution of the microsatellites investigated, 9 cases might be the consequence of an error at maternal meiosis I, and 6 cases might be due to non-disjunction at maternal meiosis II. Three of the 17 heterodisomic cases had trisomy 7 in chorionic villi, in the remaining cases no prenatal diagnosis through chorionic villus sampling was reported. CONCLUSION: Maternal UPD 7 should investigated in children with pre- and postnatal growth retardation anda facial gestalt characterized by a high and broad forehead and a pointed chin, as well as in cofined placental mosaicism for trisomy 7.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = trisomy
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7/84. Partial trisomy of chromosome 10 inherited from a carrier father.

    Partial trisomy of chromosome 10q is a very rare condition with only four cases having been reported int he literature. This report describes a neonate with symmetric growth retardation and multiple dysmorphic features, in whom G-banded chromosomal analysis revealed a partial trisomy of chromosome 10q (q2.4-q ter). The father was diagnosed as a carrier of a balanced translocation with a karyotype of 46, XY t(10.3) (q2.4L : pter). In patients with a bad obstetric history, genetic counselling prior to a new conception cna aid in early prenatal diagnosis of fetuses with recurrent chromosomal abnormalities by means of fetal tissue sampling.
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ranking = 1.0763427675797
keywords = trisomy, partial trisomy
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8/84. prenatal diagnosis and genetic analysis of double trisomy 48,XXX, 18.

    prenatal diagnosis of simultaneous occurrence of double trisomy involving chromosomes 18 and X is extremely rare. We report on the prenatal diagnosis, genetic analysis and clinical manifestations of a fetus with both trisomy 18 and trisomy X. A 26-year-old, para 1 woman was referred for genetic counselling at 36 weeks' gestation with the sonographic findings of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), polyhydramnios, ventricular septal defect, and an enlarged cisterna magna. Both cordocentesis and amniocentesis revealed a consistent karyotype of 48,XXX, 18. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction using polymorphic small tandem repeat markers specific for chromosomes 18 and X rapidly determined that both aneuploidies arose as a result of non-disjunction in maternal meiosis II. Our case shows that two non-disjunction events can occur not only in the same parent, but also in the same cell division. Our case also shows that double trisomy, 48,XXX, 18, can demonstrate an enlarged cisterna magna, IUGR and polyhydramnios in prenatal ultrasound.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = trisomy
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9/84. Fusion of 9 beta-satellite and telomere (TTAGGG)n sequences results in a jumping translocation.

    A newborn was found to have an isochromosome for the short arm of chromosome 9, i(9p) and a jumping translocation of the whole long arm. In 94.4% metaphases, 9q was fused to the telomere of chromosome 19p and, in 5.6% of metaphases, 9q was fused to the telomere of chromosome 8p. The net result was trisomy for the short arm of chromosome 9. With the pan telomere probe, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) investigations found an interstitial telomere on the der(19) and der(8). The 9 beta and classical satellite probes gave a signal only on the long arm of chromosome 9 involved in the jumping translocation. The 9 alpha satellite probe hybridized to i(9p) and not to the other derivative chromosomes. A combination of chromosome 9 (red) and chromosome 19 (green) paint probes used to rapidly screen metaphases for the jumping translocation found 88 metaphases had a der(19)t(9;19) and 4metaphases had a der(8)t(8;9). For the first time, the junction of a jumping translocation has been shown to involve the telomere sequence (TTAGGG)n and beta-satellite sequences by FISH. In this paper, we also review the simultaneous occurrence of an isochromosome for the short arm and translocation of the whole long arm and constitutional jumping translocations.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = trisomy
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10/84. An unusual case of trisomy and triploidy in a chorion villus biopsy.

    A case is reported of a 35-year-old woman who underwent a chorion villus biopsy (CVB) at 17 weeks' gestation after intrauterine growth retardation and oligohydramnios were diagnosed by ultrasound scan. Chromosome analysis of the CVB direct preparations showed a 47,XX, 6 karyotype in all cells. The pregnancy was terminated and subsequent analysis of cultured cells from both the CVB and the post-mortem placenta showed three cell lines: 46,XX, 47,XX, 6 and 69,XXX, while fetal skin and muscle were entirely 69,XXX. An explanation is proposed for the origin and distribution of the three cell lines.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = trisomy
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