Cases reported "Fetal Hypoxia"

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1/5. Expectant management of placenta accreta following stillbirth at term: a case report.

    placenta accreta is a rare complication of pregnancy with high rates of morbidity and mortality. We report a case of expectant management. This strategy may prevent catastrophic postpartum haemorrhage requiring peripartum hysterectomy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mortality
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2/5. Severe newborn encephalopathy unrelated to intrapartum hypoxic events: 3 case reports.

    INTRODUCTION: Newborn encephalopathy is an important clinical problem associated with considerable morbidity and mortality and is pertinent in the assignment of blame in obstetrics litigation. CLINICAL PICTURE: We report 3 babies with severe neonatal encephalopathy. OUTCOME: In all 3 cases, intrapartum hypoxic insult was unlikely to be a significant contributing factor towards the development of neonatal encephalopathy. The aetiology was unclear in the first 2 cases and there was antecedent antenatal cause of feto-maternal haemorrhage in the last case. CONCLUSION: Prevention of neonatal encephalopathy was not possible in these 3 cases. We recommend that umbilical cord blood gases be clearly documented in such cases to reduce unnecessary obstetrics litigation of intrapartum asphyxia as the significant contributing factor to the poor neonatal outcome. Clinicians must have a high index of suspicion of antecedent causes and perform the necessary investigations to elucidate the aetiology of the neonatal encephalopathy.
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keywords = mortality
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3/5. Prolonged fetal bradycardia as the presenting clinical sign in streptococcus agalactiae chorioamnionitis.

    Group B Streptococcus remains a leading infectious cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 37 weeks' gestation infant with severe birth asphyxia, status epilepticus and GBS chorioamnionitis, in which a prolonged fetal bradycardia was the only prenatal clinical sign.
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keywords = mortality
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4/5. perinatal mortality in the infants of diabetic women.

    The causes of 50 perinatal deaths which occurred over an 18-year period in the infants of women with either established (n = 205) or gestational (n = 2,442) diabetes were studied. The perinatal mortality rate in these groups was 5.4% and 1.6% respectively and the causes of deaths were similar in both groups. Intrauterine hypoxia was found to be the commonest cause of death, followed by congenital malformations and respiratory distress syndrome. The implications of these findings for measures to reduce such deaths are discussed.
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ranking = 5383.8280737135
keywords = perinatal mortality, mortality
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5/5. Occult fetomaternal haemorrhage as a cause of fetal mortality and morbidity.

    Spontaneous fetomaternal haemorrhage is an important, but usually overlooked, cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Although fetomaternal bleeding in the third trimester of pregnancy is common it is normally less than 0.1 ml. A fetal macrotransfusion (greater than 5 ml) is uncommon, but is important because it is insidious, unexpected and usually occurs in completely normal pregnancies. This paper analyses the perinatal mortality and morbidity associated with occult fetomaternal haemorrhage at the Royal women's Hospital, Melbourne. It may lead to fetal distress before and during labour, unexplained stillbirth, or nonhaemolytic neonatal anaemia. A Kleihauer test on maternal blood will readily detect fetomaternal bleeding, and we describe a simple way of calculating the absolute volume of fetal red cells present. Greater awareness of the problem may eventually lead to diagnosis sufficiently early to permit effective treatment.
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ranking = 10763.656147427
keywords = perinatal mortality, mortality
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