Cases reported "Fever"

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11/1091. hydroxyurea-induced fever in cervical carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.

    This is a case presentation of a rarely seen hydroxyurea-induced fever in a patient with cervical adenocarcinoma receiving oral hydroxyurea given concurrently with external beam radiotherapy to the pelvis. In the fourth week of treatment, the patient developed recurrent febrile episodes, with no obvious etiology. Eventually, hydroxyurea was discontinued with no further recurrence of fever. A review of the medical literature on fever induced by hydroxyurea suggests a mechanism of delayed hypersensitivity. Since hydroxyurea is an often-used chemotherapeutic drug for various malignancies, clinical oncologists need to be aware of this unusual side effect. The diagnosis is by clinical exclusion and by the recurrent pattern of fever on rechallenge of the drug.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fever
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12/1091. nursing care of a patient with fever due to sepsis/SIRS.

    The pathophysiology of fever in sepsis/systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is outlined. The three phases of fever are explored using a patient case study. The conclusion recommends further research is needed on the nursing management of critically ill patients with a fever.
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ranking = 0.87500113194719
keywords = fever, ill
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13/1091. Delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction presenting as a painful crisis in a patient with sickle cell anemia.

    CONTEXT: patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are frequently transfused with red blood cells (RBC). Recently we reported that the calculated risk of RBC alloimmunization per transfussed unit in Brazilian patients with SCA is 1.15%. We describe a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction (DHTR) presenting as a painful crisis in a patient with SCA. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old Brazilian female with homozygous SCA was admitted for a program of partial exchange transfusion prior to cholecystectomy. Her blood group was O RhD positive and no atypical RBC alloantibody was detected using the indirect antiglobulin technique. Pre-transfusional hemoglobin (Hb) was 8.7 g/dL and isovolumic partial exchange transfusion was performed using 4 units of ABO compatible packed RBC. Five days after the last transfusion she developed generalized joint pain and fever of 39 degrees C. Her Hb level dropped from 12.0 g/dL to 9.3 g/dL and the unconjugated bilirrubin level rose to 27 mmol/L. She was jaundiced and had hemoglobinuria. Hemoglobin electrophoresis showed 48.7% HbS, 46.6% HbA1, 2.7% HbA2, and 2.0% HbF. The patient's extended RBC phenotype was CDe, K-k , Kp(a-b ), Fy(a-b-), M N s , Le(a b-), Di(a-). An RBC alloantibody with specificity to the Rh system (anti-c, titer 1:16.384) was identified by the indirect antiglobulin test. The Rh phenotype of the RBC used in the last packed RBC transfusion was CcDEe. The patient was discharged, asymptomatic, 7 days after admission.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fever
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14/1091. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the diaphragm.

    A 5-year-old-boy presented with a right pleural effusion and fever. A tumorous mass was located between the right lung and the liver. The boy underwent a right thoracotomy with excision of the tumor and the adherent parts of the right hemidiaphragm. histology and immunohistochemistry showed an inflammatory pseudotumor of the diaphragm. This is the first reported case of an inflammatory pseudotumor in this location. A brief review of the heterogeneous theories about the pathogenesis and the different therapeutic regimens for this rare neoplastic entity are discussed.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fever
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15/1091. Heat-related illnesses and deaths--missouri, 1998, and united states, 1979-1996.

    Although heat-related illness and death are readily preventable, exposure to extremely high temperatures caused an annual average of 381 deaths in the United States during 1979-1996. Basic behavioral and environmental precautions are essential to preventing adverse health outcomes associated with sustained periods of hot weather (daytime heat index of > or = 105 F [> or = 40.6 C] and a nighttime minimum temperature of 80 F [26.7 C] persisting for at least 48 hours). This report describes four heat-related deaths that occurred in missouri during 1998, summarizes heat-related deaths in the united states during 1979-1996, describes risk factors associated with heat-related illness and death, especially in susceptible populations (young and elderly, chronically ill, and disabled persons), and recommends preventive measures.
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ranking = 7.9236303145823E-6
keywords = ill
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16/1091. Congenital splenic cyst--a report of two cases.

    We report on two girls with large epidermoid splenic cysts. They presented with abdominal pain, fever, and non-bilious vomiting. In both cases the cyst was diagnosed by means of computer tomography and ultrasonography. One of the patients was successfully treated with partial splenectomy. In the other case percutaneous drainage was initially carried out, but this treatment was insufficient. splenectomy was then performed.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fever
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17/1091. Acute aortic valvulitis as an initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Valvular involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not uncommon but patients rarely present with it. The mitral valve is most commonly involved. We report a 36-year-old man who had an episode of acute fever, arthritis, and acute aortic insufficiency with a small vegetation at the tip of the aortic valve mimicking infective endocarditis, proven later to be due to SLE. SLE should be considered as one of the uncommon causes of acute aortic insufficiency.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fever
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18/1091. A dentoalveolar abscess in a pediatric patient with ketoacidosis caused by occult diabetes mellitus: a case report.

    oral health professionals are frequently asked to evaluate patients with routine odontogenic infections. These patients can sometimes present with systemic signs and symptoms, including fever, malaise, tachycardia, and dehydration. It is important for the astute clinician to understand the possible associated systemic diseases that may be contributing to odontogenic infections. We present here an interesting case of a pediatric patient with a routine canine space infection who exhibited classic clinical signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fever
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19/1091. Favourable effect of chemotherapy on clinical symptoms and human herpesvirus-8 dna load in a patient with Kaposi's sarcoma presenting with fever and anemia.

    The case of a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (hiv-1) with Kaposi's sarcoma who presented with fever of unknown origin, severe anemia, thrombocytopenia and hypoalbuminemia but only limited involvement of the skin is presented. Chemotherapy directed at Kaposi's sarcoma resulted in resolution of these clinical signs and symptoms and was associated with a significant reduction in human herpesvirus-8 dna load in serum, despite continued hiv-1 replication. Such a decreasing human herpesvirus-8 load following Kaposi's sarcoma-directed chemotherapy has not been reported previously. These findings suggest that Kaposi's sarcoma was indeed responsible for the clinical syndrome and that this neoplasm is a source of human herpesvirus-8 virus particle production, which can be inhibited by chemotherapy-induced reduction in tumor burden.
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ranking = 0.63080827416821
keywords = fever, virus
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20/1091. giant cell arteritis presenting as chronic cough and prolonged fever.

    A 62-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of chronic non-productive cough and unexplained fever. Further questioning revealed that he had headaches and myalgia. Bilateral thickened temporal arteries were noted on physical examination. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 96 mm in 1 h. A biopsy specimen of the left temporal artery showed inflammatory changes consistent with the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. Commencement of prednisolone resulted in rapid and dramatic resolution of his symptoms. physicians should be aware of respiratory symptoms in patients with giant cell arteritis in order to avoid delay in diagnosis and therapy of this condition.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = fever
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