Cases reported "Fever"

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1/44. Induced hypothermia: electrocardiographic abnormalities.

    hypothermia was induced intermittently in a patient to combat hyperpyrexia. The electrocardiogram taken during the hypothermic phase displayed typical abnormalities and consisted of: pronounced sinus bradycardia, marked prolongation of the Q-T interval, muscle tremor artifact, and the characteristic "Osborn wave." Spontaneous rewarming resulted in disappearance of the electrocardiographic alterations, underscoring the functional and reversible nature of the abnormalities.
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keywords = wave
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2/44. Heat-related illnesses, deaths, and risk factors--Cincinnati and Dayton, ohio, 1999, and united states, 1979-1997.

    During the summer of 1999, a heat wave occurred in the midwestern and eastern united states. This period of hot and humid weather persisted from July 12 through August 1, 1999, and caused or contributed to 22 deaths among persons residing in Cincinnati (18 deaths) and Dayton (four deaths). A CDC survey of 24 U.S. metropolitan areas indicated that ohio recorded some of the highest rates for heat-related deaths during the 1999 heat wave, with Cincinnati reporting 21 per million and Dayton reporting seven per million (CDC, unpublished data, 1999). This report describes four heat-related deaths representative of those that occurred in Cincinnati or Dayton during the 1999 heat wave, summarizes heat-related deaths in the united states during 1979-1997, describes risk factors associated with heat-related illness and death, and recommends preventive measures.
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ranking = 3
keywords = wave
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3/44. A patient with severe palindromic rheumatism and frequent episodes of pain.

    A 44-year-old man began to experience episodes of joint pain with erythema in his knees, elbows, shoulders, and hands in April 1996. He was diagnosed as having palindromic rheumatism. Due to the increasing frequency and severity of these episodes, he was admitted to our hospital in May 1999. Heat therapy to the affected area produced a rapid improvement in symptoms. In addition, the continued use of physical therapy during symptom-free periods tended to reduce the frequency and severity of pain attacks. We present this case and discuss treatment options in patients with palindromic rheumatism.
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ranking = 0.61574788469614
keywords = frequency
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4/44. Red man syndrome during administration of prophylactic antibiotic against infective endocarditis.

    Red man syndrome (RMS) is the occurrence flushing, pruritus, chest pain, muscle spasm or hypotension during vancomycin infusion. It usually happens as a result of rapid infusion of the drug but may also occur after slow administration. The frequency and severity of this phenomenon diminish with repeated administration of vancomycin. A case is presented whereby RMS occurred while prophylactic antibiotic against infective endocarditis was administered.
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ranking = 0.30787394234807
keywords = frequency
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5/44. Fever and multisystem organ failure associated with 17D-204 yellow fever vaccination: a report of four cases.

    BACKGROUND: In 1998, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was notified of three patients who developed severe illnesses days after yellow fever vaccination. A similar case occurred in 1996. All four patients were more than 63 years old. methods: Vaccine strains of yellow fever virus, isolated from the plasma of two patients and the cerebrospinal fluid of one, were characterised by genomic sequencing. Clinical samples were subjected to neutralisation assays, and an immunohistochemical analysis was done on one sample of liver obtained at biopsy. FINDINGS: The clinical presentations were characterised by fever, myalgia, headache, and confusion, followed by severe multisystemic illnesses. Three patients died. Vaccine-related variants of yellow fever virus were found in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of one vaccinee. The convalescent serum samples of two vaccinees showed antibody responses of at least 1:10240. Immunohistochemical assay of liver tissue showed yellow fever antigen in the Kuppfer cells of the liver sample. INTERPRETATION: The clinical features, their temporal association with vaccination, recovery of vaccine-related virus, antibody responses, and immunohistochemical assay collectively suggest a possible causal relation between the illnesses and yellow fever vaccination. Yellow fever remains an important cause of illness and death in south america and africa; hence, vaccination should be maintained until the frequency of these events is quantified.
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keywords = frequency
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6/44. Febrile status epilepticus as the first presentation of cortical developmental malformation: report of 2 cases.

    Cortical developmental malformations are an important cause for epilepsy. The epileptic disorder usually begins with sporadic seizures, followed by gradually increasing seizure frequency and culminating in epilepsia partialis continua. We report the de-novo occurrence of focal status epilepticus accompanying hyperpyrexia in two male children, aged 18 months and 4 years. One child had prior neuro-developmental delay, while in the other, developmental milestones were normal. In both instances, there were no seizures prior to the presenting neurological illness. cerebrospinal fluid examination was normal in both the cases. magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive pachygyria in one patient and focal cortical thickening in the other. Therefore, cortical developmental malformation may be suspected as an underlying aetiology in children presenting with de-novo status epilepticus and hyperpyrexia.
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ranking = 0.30787394234807
keywords = frequency
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7/44. Acute anticholinergic syndrome due to Jimson seed ingestion. Clinical and laboratory observation in six cases.

    Ten patients presented with acute anticholinergic syndrome secondary to Jimson seed (datura stramonium) ingestion. Six of the 10 patients required hospitalization because of hyperpyrexia and severe neurologic derangement. Electroencephalograms recorded immediately after admission showed [1] slow wave activity, and [2] bizarre rhythmical bursts of high-voltage sharp wave activity; both of which rapidly resolved during the next 24 hours, as did the associated clinical findings of hyperreflexia, bilateral dorsiflexor Babinski responses, and decerebrate posturing. Previously unreported elevation of serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase and lactic dehydrogenase and prothrombin time prolongation are documented. The pathogenic mechanism accounting for abberation of these laboratory values remains undefined. All patients showed rapid clinical improvement; follow-up neurologic evaluation and electroencephalograms have been within normal limits. Because of the widespread availability and potential abuse of the Jimson seed, the clinical syndrome associated with its toxicity merits recognition.
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ranking = 2
keywords = wave
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8/44. Uncommon vancomycin-induced side effects.

    vancomycin has been used with increased frequency during the past 15 years and the most common toxicity with this drug is the red man syndrome . Other adverse effects include neutropenia, fever, phlebitis, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, thrombocytopenia, interstitial nephritis, lacrimation, linear iga bullous dermatosis, necrotizing cutaneous vasculitis and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Only two cases of vancomycin-induced stevens-johnson syndrome and one case of pancytopenia have been reported in the medical literature. The treatment for both situations is based on cessation of the vancomycin therapy; in cases of stevens-johnson syndrome, antihistamine and/or steroid agents can be used. This article reports a case of pancytopenia and a case of erythema major associated with neutropenia.
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ranking = 0.30787394234807
keywords = frequency
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9/44. Spontaneous T wave alternans and premature ventricular contractions during febrile illness in a patient with brugada syndrome.

    A 69-year-old man who had experienced syncope and ventricular fibrillation was referred to our hospital. ECG showed a right bundle branch block pattern with ST segment elevation in the right precordial leads. When the patient presented to the hospital with febrile illness, spontaneous T wave alternans and premature ventricular contractions were observed. When the patient became afebrile, ST segment elevation improved, and T wave alternans and premature ventricular contractions disappeared.
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ranking = 6
keywords = wave
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10/44. crohn disease in patients with familial mediterranean fever.

    crohn disease and familial mediterranean fever (FMF) are inflammatory diseases characterized by abdominal pain and fever. The concurrence of the 2 diseases (FMF-CD) may pose a challenge to diagnosis and treatment. We undertook the present study to determine the prevalence of crohn disease in FMF and to characterize FMF-CD patients clinically and genetically. Using a computerized search, the patients of our FMF clinic were screened for a concomitant diagnosis of crohn disease. patients and their medical records were thoroughly examined, and their dna was genotyped for mutations in the MEFV gene. control groups of ethnically and sex-matched patients suffering from each of the diseases alone, either crohn disease or FMF, were used for comparison. We identified 7 patients with concomitant crohn disease and FMF, which is more than the expected prevalence in the general population (p = 0.03). crohn disease presented at a significantly later age in the FMF-CD group (40.6 /- 10.0 yr versus 26.2 /- 11.4 yr; p < 0.004). Disease severity and other characteristics of crohn disease were comparable to the crohn disease control group. Contrary to the FMF control group patients, FMF in FMF-CD patients was characterized by a higher attack frequency (p < 0.05) and increased prevalence of amyloidosis (p < 0.02). The overall severity score was similar in both groups. In conclusion, crohn disease appears to be more prevalent in FMF and presents later than in patients without FMF. FMF in this group of patients shows a higher attack frequency and is more often complicated by amyloidosis.
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ranking = 0.61574788469614
keywords = frequency
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