Cases reported "Fibromatosis, Gingival"

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1/7. Treatment and long-term follow-up of a patient with hereditary gingival fibromatosis: a case report.

    This report addresses the complex nature of oral diagnosis, treatment and long-term case management in the hereditary form of recurrent gingival fibromatosis. case management is discussed in relation to a 13-year-old girl who presented with recurrent, progressive gingival enlargement requiring consecutive periodontal and orthodontic treatment. The initial course of treatment included 4-quadrant gingivectomy with reverse bevel incisions, followed by orthodontics. Microscopic examination of the gingivectomy specimens supported the clinical diagnosis. Three years later, recurrence of the condition was observed in all quadrants. To facilitate orthodontic tooth movement and to achieve optimal esthetics, another full-mouth gingivectomy was performed. There was no recurrence of the condition a year later. It is recommended that patients with this condition be monitored closely after gingivectomy, so that the treatment requirements of localized areas can be addressed as needed.
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2/7. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis with distinct dental, skeletal and developmental abnormalities.

    A case of a 9-year-old child with hereditary gingival fibromatosis, supernumerary tooth, chest deformities, auricular cartilage deformation, joint laxity and undescended testes is described. The exact mode of inheritance is unclear; a new mutation pattern is possible. These features resemble but differ from the previously reported Laband syndrome. The dental treatment consisted of surgical removal of the fibrous tissue and conservative restorative treatment under general anesthesia. The dental practitioner should be alert for developmental abnormalities such as supernumerary teeth and delayed tooth eruption. A comprehensive medical history and physical systemic evaluation is essential to rule out other systemic abnormalities. Genetic consultation is mandatory for future family planing.
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keywords = tooth eruption, tooth, eruption
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3/7. Congenital defect of maxillary primary central incisor associated with exposed pulp and gingival [fibrosis]: case report.

    This report describes a rare case of hypoplastic primary incisor in which the pulp was exposed at the crown portion and covered by the gingiva in a 1-year-11-month-old boy. The patient was referred to us due to swelling of his labial cervical gingiva of the maxillary right primary central incisor, and on examination, extended to the hypoplastic labial surface. Radiographically, there was a round radiolucent area on the crown including the edge. Surgical removal of the swollen gingiva revealed a large defect of the labial aspect of the incisor, showing pulpal tissue inside. The tooth was treated by vital pulpotomy. Histopathologically, the removed gingival tissue contained many pieces of dysplastic tooth elements in the lamina propria portion which should have been connected to the exposed pulp. The findings suggested that pulp exposure resulted from focal dental hypoplasia not from resorption of the tooth.
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4/7. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a rare, genetically inherited overgrowth condition that is clinically characterized by a benign fibrous enlargement of maxillary and mandibular keratinized gingiva. A syndromic association between gingival fibromatosis and a wide variety of other genetically inherited disorders has been described. However, its coexistence with aggressive periodontitis has not been reported. methods: A 24-year-old African-American female, patient (proband X, [Px]) reported with a chief complaint of tooth mobility and gingival enlargement. Clinical examination revealed moderate to severe gingival overgrowth on both mandible and maxilla. Generalized attachment loss and mobility of the teeth were observed. Radiographic evaluation demonstrated severe alveolar bone loss. The patient was diagnosed with gingival fibromatosis and aggressive periodontitis based on the clinical and radiographic findings. Her brother (Bx) and her mother (Mx) were evaluated and diagnosed with gingival fibromatosis suggesting that this is a dominant trait in the family and gingival fibromatosis might be of hereditary origin. In addition, the brother also exhibited localized aggressive periodontitis. Medical history revealed no other systemic or local contributory factors associated with the oral findings in any of the subjects. RESULTS: Surgical therapy included internal bevel gingivectomy combined with open flap debridement procedures for Px and Bx. Only internal bevel gingivectomy was performed for Mx since there was mild bone resorption and no intrabony defects. At the time of surgery, gingival biopsies were obtained and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde. Multiple serial sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Microscopic evaluation of the gingival specimens revealed large parallel collagen bundles associated with scarce fibroblasts in the connective tissue. The collagen bundles reached into the subepithelial connective tissue where elongated rete-pegs were also observed. Following the completion of the treatment, no signs of recurrence or bone resorption were observed over 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of hereditary gingival fibromatosis associated with aggressive periodontitis. Combined treatment comprising removal of fibrotic gingival tissue and traditional flap surgery for the elimination of intrabony defects represents a unique treatment approach in periodontal therapy. Two-year follow-up revealed that both the gingival overgrowth and the destructive lesions were successfully treated.
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5/7. Gingival fibromatosis and significant tooth eruption delay in an 11-year-old male: a 30-month follow-up.

    This case report describes the dental management of an unusual case of idiopathic gingival fibromatosis with multiple impacted primary teeth, and the absence of eruption of permanent teeth, in an 11-year-old boy and at the 30-month follow-up. The patient presented with severely enlarged gingival tissues affecting both arches and multiple retained and non-erupted primary teeth. He had already been subjected to localized gingivectomies at the ages of 7 and 9 years. He had no known syndrome and there was no family history of any similar disorder. The patient was treated under general anaesthesia to remove the excessive gingival tissues using apically positioned flaps. During the surgical procedure, over-retained and unerupted impacted primary teeth were extracted in order to facilitate the eruption of the permanent successors. Two years postoperatively, there was no recurrence of the gingival enlargement. Overdentures were then constructed because none of the permanent teeth had yet erupted. Furthermore, pre-eruptive coronal resorption was detected radiographically affecting the crown of the unerupted 36. Thirty months postoperatively, no recurrence of gingival enlargement was seen, but the permanent teeth had still not erupted.
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ranking = 219.10660134738
keywords = tooth eruption, tooth, eruption
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6/7. Treatment of gingival fibromatosis associated with Zimmermann-Laband syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Gingival fibromatosis is a rare condition characterized by a generalized enlargement of the buccal and lingual aspects of the attached and marginal gingiva. methods: This case report describes the periodontal management of a 13-year-old female patient with gingival fibromatosis associated with Zimmermann-Laband syndrome. The patient presented with gingival enlargement involving the maxillary and the mandibular arches, anterior open bite, and non-erupted teeth. Periodontal treatment included gingivectomy in all four quadrants. RESULTS: Histopathologic evaluation of the excised tissue supported the diagnosis of gingival fibromatosis. A significant improvement in esthetic appearance and eruption of the non-erupted teeth were obtained. The patient was referred for appropriate orthodontic treatment and has been closely followed for the earliest signs of recurrence of gingival enlargement. CONCLUSIONS: The successful therapy for gingival fibromatosis depends on correctly identifying the etiological factors and improving the impaired function and esthetic appearance through surgical intervention and adjunctive orthodontics. Maintaining treatment results depends on preservation of periodontal health.
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ranking = 0.21222365058045
keywords = eruption
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7/7. Periodontal and restorative treatment in a patient with familial gingival fibromatosis: a case report.

    A case is described in which excision of excess gingival tissue by conventional gingivectomy and simple restorative treatment with porcelain veneers produced a dramatic improvement in the patient's appearance with minimal sacrifice of sound tooth tissue.
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