Cases reported "Fibrosarcoma"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/120. Malignant fibrothecomatous tumour of the ovary: diagnostic value of anti-inhibin immunostaining.

    Malignant ovarian tumours of the fibrothecoma group are rare. The clinicopathological features of a case of ovarian malignant fibrothecoma in which there was metastatic disease in the small intestine and peritoneum at presentation are described. A number of differential diagnoses were considered but positive immunohistochemical staining of the resected ovarian and small intestinal neoplasms with anti-inhibin was of value in confirming a sex cord-stromal tumour and in excluding other lesions. The two tumours were also ultrastructurally identical. Classical malignant fibrothecomas are said to show four or more mitotic figures per 10 high power fields (HPF). Although the intestinal secondary was mitotically active, the primary ovarian tumour contained only one to two mitoses per 10 HPF, showing that formal mitotic counts are not an absolute indicator of malignant behaviour in this group of tumours.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/120. Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma: fine-needle aspiration cytology with histologic, cytogenetic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural correlation.

    BACKGROUND: Although the histologic features of the recently described low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma are well established, to the authors' knowledge there are no reports in the literature describing the cytologic features of this tumor by fine-needle aspiration. Recognition of this lesion is important because of its indolent but metastasizing nature. methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed their surgical pathology files for cases of low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma with a preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB); three such cases were found. Immunohistochemical studies were performed in all three tumors, ultrastructural examination was performed in two tumors, and fresh tissue for cytogenetic analysis was obtained in one tumor. RESULTS: All FNABs showed similar features. The aspirates were relatively hypocellular with an abundant myxoid background; the neoplastic cells contained oval to spindle shaped nuclei with minimal pleomorphism. No capillaries or areas of fibrous tissue were identified. Cytogenetic study of one case revealed no chromosomal abnormalities. The histologic findings were characteristic for this lesion. By immunohistochemistry the tumor cells showed diffuse and strong reactivity for vimentin only; at the ultrastructural level the neoplastic spindle cells had characteristics of fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: The cytologic features of low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma are not specific enough for a definitive diagnosis based on FNAB alone; however, correlating the cytologic and clinical findings can narrow the range of diagnosis. The differential diagnosis includes other myxoid lesions, in particular superficial or intramuscular myxoma and myxofibrosarcoma. In addition, the immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings support a fibroblastic origin for this neoplasm.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/120. Pulmonary fibrosarcoma in childhood: fiber-optic bronchoscopic diagnosis and review of the literature.

    Primary pulmonary fibrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor in childhood. In the absence of metastases, complete resection is curative. An 8-year-old boy suffered from unresolving pneumonia due to an obstructing lesion in the left main bronchus. Cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and histology of bronchial biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosarcoma. The tumor did not respond to chemotherapy, and a total lobectomy with sleeve resection was performed with complete removal of the neoplasm. Two years after the operation the child has no evidence of disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/120. Diagnosis of primary fibrosarcoma of the lung by fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy.

    Primary pulmonary sarcomas are uncommon neoplasms. Primary fibrosarcoma of the lung is extremely rare, and only 53 cases have been documented in the literature to date. To our knowledge, the diagnosis of primary lung fibrosarcoma by fine-needle aspiration cytology has never been reported. We report a case of pulmonary fibrosarcoma diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy. The neoplasm consisted of interweaving fascicles of minimally atypical spindle cells with slender nuclei and scant cytoplasm. Positive immunohistochemistry for vimentin along with nonreactivity of tumor cells for keratin, S100 protein, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and CD34 supported the the diagnosis. The diagnosis was later confirmed by histologic and ultrastructural findings following lobectomy. A meticulous clinical search for a possible primary neoplasm elsewhere was unsuccessful, and lung was established as the primary site. Fine-needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy are reliable methods for establishing a diagnosis of fibrosarcoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/120. Unusual second malignancies following radiation therapy: subcutaneous pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma and cutaneous melanoma. Two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Among nonepithelial second neoplasms which are known to be induced by irradiation, rhabdomyosarcomas are extremely rare, and melanomas are infrequent. We report a high-grade sarcoma with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation, which appeared 30 years after megavoltage irradiation for an endometrial adenocarcinoma, and a malignant melanoma which arose after 6 years in the irradiation field of a fibrosarcoma. methods: histology and immunohistochemistry were performed in both cases. In the first case, electron microscopy was also performed. In the second, the previous tumor was re-evaluated. RESULTS: The first case showed histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a rhabdomyosarcoma. In the second case, a lentigoid malignant melanoma was histologically and immunohistochemically demonstrated, whereas the previously resected tumor was a fibrosarcoma negative to melanoma markers. CONCLUSIONS: Rare cases of rhabdomyosarcomas and melanomas are induced by irradiation, although in some cases other factors (i.e., genetic risk, chemotherapy) may have a prominent etiopathogenetic role in their development. A close follow-up and a careful examination of the irradiated area should facilitate an early diagnosis of these aggressive postradiation second neoplasms.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/120. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma of the renal capsule (capsuloma).

    We report on the fine-needle aspiration (FNA) findings of a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma arising from the renal capsule in a 70-yr-old male. Cytologic examination revealed a spindle-cell and myxoid lesion characterized by microtissue fragments of delicate spindle-shaped cells and thin-walled capillary-type channels enmeshed in metachromatically staining myxoid material, best appreciated in Diff-Quik-stained smears. The spindle cells had slightly elongated, bland, oval to tapered nuclei. Based on the FNA diagnosis, the renal mass was resected, which revealed a hypocellular to moderately cellular, spindle-shaped neoplasm showing alternating hypercellular fibrous foci with hypocellular myxoid areas arranged in a swirling growth pattern, characteristic of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. We believe that this is the first report of a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma arising in the renal capsule (capsuloma), as well as the first capsuloma diagnosed by FNA biopsy. Differential diagnoses of other sarcomas arising from the kidney and nearby retroperitoneal region are discussed, as well as other entities that might enter into the differential diagnosis of this low-grade sarcoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/120. Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcomas involving the neuraxis: report of three cases.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm composed of rounded, vimentin-immunoreactive tumor cells disposed in nests and cords within a hyalinized collagenous matrix. Most examples arise in the deep skeletal muscles of adults. The cases recorded to date have been characterized by protracted clinical evolutions with a tendency for stubborn local recurrence, followed by late metastasis. Accordingly, SEF has been regarded as a low-grade sarcoma. A single instance of brain and vertebral metastasis has been described. We report three examples of SEF distinguished by primary involvement of the neuraxis at initial presentation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Two tumors had intracranial, calvarial and extracalvarial, soft-tissue components, whereas the third tumor manifested as a paraspinal mass with extension into the T12-L1 neural foramen and invasion of the T12 nerve root. INTERVENTION: All three affected patients experienced local recurrence and distant metastasis after resection of the primary site. These complications appeared early in the disease course in two cases. In no case was there a response to adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Our experience indicates that SEFs arising along the neuraxis may demonstrate unexpectedly aggressive clinical behavior, compared with those arising in the more typical location of deep skeletal muscles.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/120. A novel reciprocal (10;17)(p11.2;q23) in myxoid fibrosarcoma.

    Recurring reciprocal translocations have been identified as the primary chromosome aberrations in a number of neoplasms. These aberrations are often closely associated with particular morphologic or phenotypic subtypes of tumors and in some cases have prognostic implications. We have identified a novel reciprocal t(10;17)(p11.2;q23) in a case of low-grade myxoid fibrosarcoma, which may prove to be a new tumor specific chromosome aberration.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/120. Treatment of malignancy arising in pilonidal disease.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant degeneration is a rare complication of pilonidal disease and is associated with a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis compared with regular nonmelanoma skin cancer. Treatment in our departments and in the international literature was evaluated. methods: We analyzed the data from three patients with malignant degeneration who were treated in our departments and an additional 56 patients who were found after an extensive literature search. RESULTS: A total of 47 males and 12 females, with a mean age of 52 years, were most frequently primarily treated with surgery. After a mean follow-up time of 28 months, 20% of all patients died with evidence of disease and an additional 10% died of unrelated causes. The overall recurrence rate was 39%, with a median time to recurrence of only 9 months. The local recurrence rate was lower when radiotherapy was added to surgical treatment alone (30% vs. 44%). Re-excision of local recurrence resulted in some long-term survivals. CONCLUSIONS: early diagnosis and treatment may lead to improvement of the relative poor prognosis. Surgical treatment should be tailored according to the locoregional extent. The high recurrence rate after surgical treatment can be reduced by the addition of radiotherapy. Although repeat surgery for recurrent disease may involve extensive resection and morbidity, this may result in prolonged survival.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.023197094738862
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/120. Sarcoma in association with multimodality management of vulvar cancer: two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: radiation-induced or -associated sarcoma is a rare event which has been well described in the literature. However, this entity has been infrequently described in association with genital tract malignancies. To our knowledge it has never been described in association with the management of vulvar cancer. CASES: . Two different cases of sarcoma developing after primary management for vulvar cancer are presented, the first being a case of angiosarcoma developing in the lower abdominal wall 36 months after initial therapy and the second a case of fibrosarcoma developing on the vulva 7 years after multimodality treatment. CONCLUSION: radiation-associated sarcoma after treatment for vulvar carcinoma is a rare event. A multimodality treatment of carcinoma of the vulva should not be withheld because of fear of sarcomagenesis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.13918256843317
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Fibrosarcoma'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.