Cases reported "Fibrosis"

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1/85. Complete occlusion of the anterior capsular opening after intact capsulorhexis: clinicopathologic correlation.

    PURPOSE: To report histopathologic findings of capsule contraction syndrome with complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening. methods: Case report. In an 81-year-old woman, a complete occlusion of the anterior capsulorhexis opening developed 2 months after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. We surgically removed the contracted anterior capsule and analyzed the membrane by standard light microscopy and actin immunohistology. RESULTS: light microscopic analysis of the membrane showed fibrous tissue subcapsularly with metaplastic lens epithelial cells. The contracted capsulorhexis opening was filled completely with proliferated actin-positive lens epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening can be attributed to excessive shrinkage of the capsule, probably caused by actin filaments found in the residual lens epithelial cells together with weak zonular support, and to the occlusion of the remaining central defect by massive proliferation of metaplastic lens epithelial cells.
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ranking = 1
keywords = anterior capsular, capsular, ocular
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2/85. CT demonstration of fibrous stroma in chronic pancreatitis: pathologic correlation.

    Fibrous stroma found in two patients with chronic pancreatitis was investigated. The helical CT-pathologic correlation confirmed that fibrous stroma found in the subcapsular zone of the pancreatic parenchyma corresponded to the area that was identified as a hypodense zone in the early phase by spiral CT and became isodense with the internal parenchyma in the delayed phase. These CT findings have an important implication for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis.
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ranking = 0.0035312137345332
keywords = capsular
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3/85. Complete capsulorhexis opening occlusion despite capsular tension ring implantation.

    An 89-year-old woman and an 86-year-old woman had continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, phacoemulsification, and implantation of a silicone plate-haptic intraocular lens. Because of presumed weak zonules (high age, pseudoexfoliation), a poly(methyl methacrylate) capsular tension ring was also implanted. Despite this, both patients reported deterioration in visual acuity that was the result of complete occlusion of the anterior capsule opening by fibrotic tissue 4 and 3 months postoperatively, respectively.
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ranking = 0.017704173455822
keywords = capsular, ocular
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4/85. Posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation with the bag.

    We report a rare case of a 46-year-old man presenting with a luxation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) with the capsular bag after ocular contusion. Preoperative axial length was 36.58 mm. After trauma, pars plana extraction of the dislocated IOL inside the capsular bag was performed using a forceps. Capsular fibrosis had probably weakened the zonules, which were ruptured by the trauma. This observation confirms the necessity of a large continuous curvilinear capsulotomy and meticulous cleaning of the anterior and posterior capsules to minimize postsurgical fibrosis and capsule contraction.
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ranking = 0.0073683738899358
keywords = capsular, ocular, rupture
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5/85. neodymium: YAG laser parabolic anterior capsulotomy in extreme capsule contraction syndrome.

    We report a technique of neodymium: YAG laser parabolic anterior capsulotomy in an extreme case of capsule contraction syndrome with complete occlusion of the central opening and intraocular lens (IOL) displacement. This technique achieves both optical and mechanical benefits of a clear visual axis and possible prevention of further IOL decentration.
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ranking = 4.8104783155564E-5
keywords = ocular
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6/85. Giant solid cystic tumor of the pancreas with a fibrous septum caused by extracapsular growth in middle-aged woman: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 57-year-old female who was admitted to our hospital for treatment of rectal carcinoma and incidentally found to have a giant cystic tumor, 20 cm in diameter, in the body and tail of the pancreas. Several imaging procedures, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, showed that this tumor was round and hypovascular, and had a septum with protuberant lesions. The capsule was 3-4 mm thick with partial calcification. A preoperative diagnosis of a solid cystic tumor (SCT) of the pancreas was made, even though these tumors are rarely found in females in their fifties. Moreover, few reports of SCT with a septum have been described. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed, and the tumor was found to be filled with massive necrotic tissue. Microscopically, the tumor was confirmed to be a SCT with a fibrous septum. We present this case due to the atypical findings, including the age of the patient and the existence of a septum caused by extracapsular growth.
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ranking = 0.017656068672666
keywords = capsular
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7/85. Orbital blowout fracture with persistent mobility deficit due to fibrosis of the inferior rectus muscle and perimuscular tissue.

    A case of orbital blowout fracture accompanied by fibrosis of the inferior rectus muscle resulting in an irreversible orbital mobility deficit is reported. An 8-year-old girl with an orbital blowout fracture was treated with steroids for 10 days, as with other cases in our department. She exhibited a disturbance of vertical eye movement and a positive forced duction test result. Although surgery was performed on day 13, and on day 27 due to poor recovery after the first operation, almost no improvement of the ocular movement was noted. The results of a traction test, performed during the second operation, suggested that the inferior rectus muscle had adhered to the periosteum. magnetic resonance imaging performed 3 days after the second operation revealed fibrosis of the inferior rectus muscle and perimuscular tissue, resulting in an irreversible disturbance of the vertical ocular movement. The present findings suggest that the need for and timing of surgery in patients with blowout fractures should be determined on an individual basis.
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ranking = 9.6209566311128E-5
keywords = ocular
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8/85. Subretinal fibrosis and choroidal neovascularization in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: To describe clinical findings of subretinal fibrosis and choroidal neovascularization in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. methods: We retrospectively reviewed 75 medical records of patients with VKH seen at the National eye Institute, Bethesda, maryland between 1978 and 1996. Recorded data included age, gender, race, duration of disease, extraocular manifestations, best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, retinal examination, retinal photographs and fluorescein angiograms. We sought features that correlated with the visual outcome. RESULTS: Thirty of 75 (40%) patients developed subretinal fibrosis. Eleven patients (14.7%) had choroidal neovascularization. Presence of subretinal fibrosis was associated with a longer duration of the disease (42.6 vs 19.1 months, P = 0.07). patients with subretinal fibrosis had worse visual acuity than those without subretinal fibrosis (26.2 vs 57.3 ETDRS letters read, P < 0.001) after adjusting for duration of disease (P = 0.021), degree of vitreous haze (P = 0.074), and use of immunosuppressive therapy (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Presence of subretinal fibrosis in patients with VKH is associated with a poor visual prognosis. The diagnosis of choroidal neovascularization and subretinal fibrosis presents a challenge in the management of this disease.
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ranking = 4.8104783155564E-5
keywords = ocular
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9/85. Intraocular involvement in multifocal fibrosclerosis.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and histopathologic findings of intraocular involvement in a patient with multifocal fibrosclerosis and the response of the patient's choroidal masses to external beam radiotherapy. DESIGN: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation of enucleated eyes. methods: The patient was studied by clinical observation, contact B- and A-scan ultrasonography, orbital magnetic resonance imaging, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, choroidal biopsy, and gross and histopathologic examination of the enucleated eyes. Tissue obtained at an earlier laparotomy was also reviewed. External beam radiotherapy was used when high-dose corticosteroid and low-dose methotrexate therapy failed to decrease the size of the choroidal masses or improve the patient's vision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in the clinical and ultrasonographic size of the choroidal masses, the clinical appearance of these masses, and the patient's visual acuity in response to external beam radiotherapy were monitored premortem. Histopathologic findings in the enucleated eyes were compared with the changes in previous abdominal and choroidal biopsy specimens and with tissue alterations reported in multifocal fibrosclerosis. RESULTS: biopsy of the choroidal mass revealed a fibrosclerosing process similar to that found in the abdomen. The patient received external beam radiotherapy with disappearance of the masses. Fibrosclerosing changes similar to those seen in the abdomen were observed replacing the choroid in the enucleated eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocal fibrosclerosis may involve the choroid with histopathologic changes similar to those that have been described in other locations in the body. External beam radiotherapy may be an effective treatment for intraocular involvement by multifocal fibrosclerosis.
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ranking = 0.00028862869893338
keywords = ocular
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10/85. Stress-related primary intracerebral hemorrhage: autopsy clues to underlying mechanism.

    BACKGROUND: research into the causes of small-vessel stroke has been hindered by technical constraints. Cases of intracerebral hemorrhage occurring in unusual clinical contexts suggest a causal role for sudden increases in blood pressure and/or cerebral blood flow. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a fatal primary thalamic/brain stem hemorrhage occurring in the context of sudden emotional upset. At autopsy, the brain harbored several perforating artery fibrinoid lesions adjacent to and remote from the hematoma as well as old lacunar infarcts and healed destructive small-vessel lesions. CONCLUSIONS: We postulate that the emotional upset caused a sudden rise in blood pressure/cerebral blood flow, mediating small-vessel fibrinoid necrosis and rupture. This or a related mechanism may underlie many small-vessel strokes.
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ranking = 1.7317721936003E-5
keywords = rupture
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