Cases reported "Finger Injuries"

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1/148. Articular fractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint with missing elements: repair with partial toe joint osteochondral autografts.

    Five cases of traumatic destruction of a condyle of the proximal interphalangeal joint repaired with a free autogenous graft of a corresponding toe condyle are presented. Precise fitting is essential: 1 patient required a second graft when the initial undersized graft was absorbed. Four of the 5 cases regained laterally stable bicondylar joints and functional fingers. Range of motion varied inversely to the magnitude of the injury and the surgery. Active range of motion at the proximal interphalangeal joint was 80 degrees in 2 digits, 45 degrees in 1, and 10 degrees in 1 complex case; 1 case was considered a failure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
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2/148. Triplane fractures in the hand.

    Two new cases of triplane fracture of the distal tibia are reported in the proximal phalanx of the thumb and the distal radius, respectively, of a 12-year-old girl and a 13-year-old boy. Neither fracture showed any displacement, achieving healing at 4 weeks of external immobilization. Triplane fractures can occur across growth plates other than the distal tibia. Because of the rapid physiologic physeal arrest, the potential for growth deformity is null. In cases without displacement, these fractures should be treated conservatively by external immobilization, as one would treat a one-plane fracture.
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ranking = 2.25
keywords = fracture
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3/148. Salter-Harris type III and IV epiphyseal fractures in the hand treated with tension-band wiring.

    We present tension-band wiring in the treatment of Salter-Harris types III and IV avulsion fractures in the hand. By placing a small-gauge wire through the insertion of the ligament into the fracture fragment, accurate reduction and stability, allowing early mobilization, are achieved, avoiding many of the pitfalls and complications of other methods of internal fixation. The technique is simple and adheres to important physiological and biomechanical principles.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
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4/148. Avascular necrosis of the distal phalangeal epiphysis following physeal fracture: a case report.

    Avascular necrosis of the distal phalangeal epiphysis following an unrecognized angulated Salter II fracture of the distal phalanx treated by open reduction and internal fixation resulted in premature closure of the growth plate and mild shortening. The epiphysis itself revascularized and good function of the distal interphalangeal joint was maintained.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = fracture
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5/148. Irreducible phalangeal fracture in a child due to flexor tendon entrapment.

    A 4-year-old girl sustained a longitudinal shaft fracture of the proximal phalanx of the ring finger. The fracture was irreducible by closed manipulation and required open reduction. The fragments were separated by both flexor tendons near the level of Camper's chiasma, which caused a "pinching" phenomenon when manipulative reduction was attempted. The case presented reveals that an irreducible fracture should be suspected in hyperextension injuries with severe angulation when rubbery resistance is noted at the time of closed manipulation.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = fracture
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6/148. Treatment of triplane fractures of the head of the proximal phalanx.

    We report the morphology and treatment of 2 cases of a triplane intra-articular bicondylar fracture of the head of the proximal phalanx. Fracture lines in the coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes characterize this fracture, making it highly unstable. Open reduction and internal fixation using two 1.5-mm interfragmentary screws oriented in a dorsal to volar direction resulted in anatomic restoration of the articular surfaces and satisfactory functional results. In 1 case, autogenous cancellous bone graft was harvested from the ipsilateral radial styloid to support the articular fragments.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
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7/148. Irreducible juxta-epiphyseal fracture due to entrapment of extensor hood: a case report.

    A case of irreducible juxta-epiphyseal fracture of the proximal phalanx of the little finger is presented. The extensor hood was trapped under the proximal end of the distal fracture fragment and open reduction was necessary. An open reduction was performed using the dorsal approach, with good results.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
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8/148. Operative treatment of mallet finger due to intra-articular fracture of the distal phalanx.

    Treatment of a mallet finger due to an intra-articular fracture of the distal phalanx involving one-third or more of the articular surface is controversial. Thirty-three digits with such fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation with Kirschner wires. Of these 33 fractures, 13 were associated with subluxation of the distal phalanx. After an average follow-up period of 29 months, the average loss of extension of the distal phalanx was 4 degrees, and the average flexion of the distal interphalangeal joint was 67 degrees. Radiographs of the distal joint in 27 digits appeared normal, while in the remaining 6 digits, slight degenerative changes were noted. In one there was a minor surgical complication. By using the operative technique described, a congruous reduction of the inta-articular fracture and satisfactory function were achieved.
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ranking = 2
keywords = fracture
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9/148. Trapezo-metacarpal and metacarpo-phalangeal dislocation of the thumb associated with a carpo-metacarpal dislocation of the four fingers.

    The authors report a case of combined dorsal fracture-dislocations of all 4 fingers, palmar trapezo-metacarpal dislocation and metacarpophalangeal dislocation of the thumb following a motorbike accident. These exceptional lesions were treated as an emergency by reduction and pinning. With a follow-up of 13 years, the patient still worked as an electrician.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = fracture
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10/148. Irreducible dorsal dislocation of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb due to the palmar plate. A case report.

    Dorsal dislocation of the thumb interphalangeal joint is rare. Only very few cases of irreducible dislocation has been reported at this joint. The authors report a case of compound irreducible dislocation due to the palmar plate interposition. The sesamoid, the flexor pollicis longus have been reported to block reduction of the dorsal dislocation of the thumb interphalangeal joint doctors on casualities should not insist if reduction is not easily obtained, the patient should then be guide towards a surgical team for surgical treatment.
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ranking = 0.00044992762893544
keywords = compound
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