Cases reported "Fistula"

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11/1900. Bronchial-atrial fistula after lung transplant resulting in fatal air embolism.

    We describe a rare case of fatal air embolism in a patient in whom a left atrial-bronchial fistula developed 1 month after single lung transplant. The cause was a combination of mediastinal infection and bronchial necrosis.
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12/1900. Management of prostatic fistulas.

    Prostatic fistulas communicating with the rectum or perineal skin are unusual complications of a prostatic operation, pelvic trauma, prostatic abscess or other iatrogenic injury. A third of these fistulas may close spontaneously with proper urinary drainage and avoidance of fecal soilage. The many operative procedures described for the repair of these fistulas indicate that no ideal method of repair can be applied to every case. Operative management should be mandated by the size, location and duration of the fistula as well as by the surgeon's experience with the various anatomic approaches.
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13/1900. Surgical treatment of tracheomediastinal fistula from recurrent Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    The role of surgery in the management of Hodgkin's disease is usually diagnostic because chemotherapy and radiation are often curative. We report here the surgical treatment of a tracheomediastinal fistula from recurrent Hodgkin's lymphoma.
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14/1900. High-pouch imperforate anus treated by electromagnetic bougienage and subsequent perineal repair.

    Four male infants with imperforate anus were treated by electromagnetic bougienage and subsequent perineal anoplasty with division of rectourethral fistula. Each had high-pouch imperforate anus of the supralevator type, with rectourethral fishtula at or above the level of the membranous urethra. Perineal anoplasty was accomplished in all four, with division of the rectourethral fistula, avoiding the need to do a sacral-abdominal-perineal procedure, as had been customary previously in similar cases.
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15/1900. cholesteatoma extending into the internal auditory meatus.

    We report our experiences in managing a patient with cholesteatoma complicated by meningitis, labyrinthitis and facial nerve palsy. The antero-inferior half of the tympanum was aerated but the postero-superior portion of the tympanic membrane was tightly adherent to the promontry mucosa. An attic perforation was present at the back of the malleolar head. High-resolution computed tomography also uncovered a fistula in the lateral semicircular canal. Surgical exploration of the middle ear cavity demonstrated that both the vestibule and cochlea were filled with cholesteatoma, and the cholesteatoma extended into the internal auditory meatus through the lateral semi-circular canal fistula. The cholesteatoma was removed by opening the vestibule and cochlea with a preservation of the facial nerve. Post-operatively, an incomplete facial palsy remained, but has improved slowly. There is no sign of recurrence to date after a 3-year period of observation.
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16/1900. Bronchogenic carcinoma presenting as a bronchopericardial fistula.

    A case is reported in which an undiagnosed bronchogenic carcinoma presented clinically with sudden onset shortness of breath and cardiac failure due to the development of an acute bronchopericardial fistula.
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17/1900. Two cases of seminal vesicle fistula.

    Two cases of fistulation into the seminal vesicles are described. One related to Crohn's disease and the other following surgery for carcinoma of the rectum. Both cases were diagnosed by CT sinography. This technique is described and is recommended when attempting to demonstrate the internal communications of difficult perineal fistulae when standard techniques of fistulography fail.
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18/1900. Aorto-right ventricular fistula: a late complication of aortic valve replacement.

    We report the case of a patient who was found to have an aorto-right ventricular fistula 17 years after receiving a Bjork-Shiley prosthetic aortic valve. A pseudoaneurysm had formed at the aortotomy suture line, and it had extended into the interventricular septum and had eventually opened into the right ventricle. Using transesophageal echocardiography, we identified the defect in the ascending aorta, and a left-to-right shunt. aortography was used to confirm these findings. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully resected and the ascending aorta was replaced with a Dacron graft. To the best of our knowledge, no similar late complication of aortic valve replacement has been reported in the medical literature.
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19/1900. Bronchopleural fistula complicating group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pneumonia. Use of a Fogarty embolectomy catheter for selective bronchial blockade.

    A 36-year-old woman developed severe group A Streptococcal pneumonia, complicated by a bronchopleural fistula, ARDS and multi-organ failure. We describe the use of selective middle lobe bronchus blockade, with a Fogarty embolectomy catheter, to localise and control the air leak. This allowed effective mechanical ventilation and oxygenation on intensive care and during right middle lobectomy. The patient made a prolonged, but full recovery.
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20/1900. Multiple spontaneously occurring coronary artery-left ventricular communications: a case report.

    A search of the literature revealed that spontaneous coronary artery-left ventricular communications have only rarely been reported. These fistulae are frequently associated with angina pectoris which has been attributed to a ventricular steal phenomenon. The patient described herein presented with angina pectoris and was found to have multiple coronary arterioventricular communications without significant coronary atherosclerosis.
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