Cases reported "Fluorosis, Dental"

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1/16. Esthetic improvement following enamel microabrasion on fluorotic teeth: a case report.

    enamel microabrasion is a proven method of removing intrinsic and superficial defects from teeth, establishing esthetics with minimal loss of dental enamel. This article reports one case in which two different microabrasion techniques were used to remove fluorotic stains from teeth.
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keywords = dental
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2/16. Treatment of endemic fluorosis and tetracycline staining with macroabrasion and nightguard vital bleaching: a case report.

    A patient, diagnosed with a combination of level 3 endemic dental fluorosis and degree 1 tetracycline staining, was treated sequentially by macroabrasion techniques and nightguard vital bleaching. Various pairings of diamond and carbide burs, abrasive disks, rotary polishing points, and diamond polishing pastes were tested to obtain the optimal combination for macroabrasion. This conservative treatment regimen produced results that were termed "excellent" by the patient and met the goals of the dentists.
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3/16. Esthetic alternative for fluorosis blemishes with the usage of a dual bleaching system based on hydrogen peroxide at 35%.

    Esthetic dental procedures in pediatric dentistry represent sources of satisfaction and realization, as much for the patient as for the professional. Lack of dental esthetics may develop psychological problems in infant as well as in adolescent patients. Blemishes produced by fluorosis appear as a challenge to the pediatric dentist and alternatives for treatment are desired. The scope of this present paper is to relate a clinical case with esthetic solution for blemishes in teeth enamel due to fluorosis. A dual system of bleaching was used (photo/chemically activated) based on hydrogen peroxide at 35% (Hi-Lite-Shofu) in a male eight-year-old patient with white fluorosis blemishes on teeth 11 and 21. The bleaching system used was efficient in bleaching teeth with white blemishes due to fluorosis, thus masking the blemishes and providing a more uniform appearance.
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ranking = 2.0003100991982
keywords = dental, white
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4/16. Using microabrasive material to remove fluorosis stains.

    BACKGROUND: Increased public access to fluoride has decreased the prevalence of caries and increased the prevalence of fluorosis staining. This article provides a case report involving a conservative method of removing fluorosis stain, as well as describes an in vitro test of the method. CASE DESCRIPTION: A healthy man sought treatment at new york University College of Dentistry for removal of severe, dark brown fluorosis staining on his anterior teeth. To remove the stain, the treating clinician used a microabrasive material, which leaves enamel intact, instead of a tooth-whitening agent, which requires removal of all affected enamel. methods: To demonstrate that enamel structure is not disturbed by the microabrasive material, the authors performed a study using scanning electron microscopy, or SEM. They viewed enamel structure under SEM at x1,000 magnification. They viewed untreated microabraded enamel and compared it with enamel that had been treated for 20 seconds with 37 percent phosphoric acid. RESULTS: An etch pattern was not discernible on the tooth treated with the microabrasive material. The enamel prisms remained intact and the cores were not exposed. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Microabrasion removes intrinsic fluorosis stain effectively while protecting enamel. In this case, an enamel shade of brown not in the range of any tooth color shade guide was reduced.
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ranking = 0.084514114607157
keywords = caries, white
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5/16. Contribution of trona (magadi) into excessive fluorosis--a case study in Maji ya Chai ward, northern tanzania.

    Excessive fluoride ingestion predominantly comes from drinking water sources. However, prevalence and severity of dental and skeletal fluorosis in northern tanzania have been reported to be higher than would be expected from ingestion of fluoride through drinking water alone. This study aimed at investigating the contribution of "trona" (also locally known as magadi) a food additive, to the prevalence and severity of fluorosis in northern tanzania. The study was carried out in four villages (Embaseni, Kitefu and Ngurdoto) in Maji ya Chai ward; and Nkoanekoli in Poli ward, in Arusha region, tanzania. Analysis of fluoride concentrations was carried out in drinking water sources as well as in magadi samples. Assessment of the prevalence of dental fluorosis using Dean's Index Method was carried out for a population of 2217 pupils in four primary schools located in the case study area. Fluoride concentration in drinking water sources was found to range from 1.7 to 11.3 mg/l, while the concentration in magadi samples in case study villages were in the range of 0.21 to 0.9 mg/g. Total fluoride ingestion through magadi and water were established to be 11.74 mg/person/day in Embaseni, 36.1 mg/person/day in Ngurdoto, 10.88 mg/person/day in Kitefu and 5.7 mg/person/day in Nkoanekoli villages. Levels of total fluoride ingestion were directly correlated with Community Fluorosis Index (CFI) values, which were found to be 3.32 (in Embaseni), 3.67 (in Ngurdoto), 2.2 (in Kitefu) and 1.47 (in Nkoanekoli). The village with the highest fluoride consumption rate showed the highest CFI as well. High levels of fluoride concentrations in magadi suggest that excessive fluorosis in northern tanzania may be due to the use of magadi in food preparations.
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keywords = dental
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6/16. Conservative aesthetic solutions for the adolescent and young adult utilizing composite resins.

    The demand for aesthetic procedures in today's dental arena is increasing exponentially, yet these desires often call for conservative restorative options, especially for the adolescent patient. The use of direct composite resin restorations offers the dentist the most sim-ple and cost-effective manner in which to create an aesthetic change in the anterior portion of the mouth. The combination of improved materials and innovative delivery techniques allows clinicians to reach these aesthetic goals by creating conservative and functional restorations that have excellent longevity. This article demonstrates five direct composite approaches for solving aesthetic dilemmas in the adolescent and young adult patient.
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keywords = dental
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7/16. Macroabrasion in pediatric dentistry.

    One of the most frequent reasons for seeking dental care is discolored anterior teeth. Macroabrasion is a technique used for the removal of localized superficial white spots and other surface stains. This article has compiled three case reports with relevant clinical photographs of discolored teeth where the treatment regimen included macroabrasion alone as well as macro-abrasion in combination with anterior composite restorations.
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ranking = 1.0014057620238
keywords = dental, spot, white
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8/16. A clinical comparison of treatments for endemic dental fluorosis.

    A case report is presented describing the treatment for endemic dental fluorosis. Six maxillary anterior teeth were treated, three with an acid-bleach combination technique and three with an acid technique. No clinical differences was noted in treatment time or esthetic results.
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ranking = 5
keywords = dental
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9/16. Fluoride and caries prevention: 2. Clinical rationale.

    In order to achieve the greatest clinical benefit from the use of fluoride, we must understand its mechanism of action, so that fluoride can be given at the right time, by the best route, at the optimum dosage and in the most suitable form. The first article in this two-part series reviewed the scientific rationale behind the use of fluoride. Part 2 now illustrates fluoride therapy in practical terms, by examining nine clinical cases.
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ranking = 0.33743626003226
keywords = caries
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10/16. Skeletal and dental fluorosis: two case reports.

    Two case reports from a high fluoride (10 ppm) rural community. They presented with severe degrees of dental fluorosis, hyper-sensitivity of teeth and skeletal fluorosis all arising from the ingestion of high amount of fluoride in water over a long period of time. Both cases had deformities of the upper and lower limbs. However, the deformities were more pronounced in the lower limbs than in the upper limbs, resulting in knock knee. Radiological finding showed osteosclerosis of the axial bones while the appendicular bones exhibited osteoporosis. There was marked change of bone structure observed as osteomalacia, and course trabecular bone pattern. osteoporosis was also associated with cortical thinning. Periosteal bone apposition was observed in the bones: and genu valgum of the limbs. Biochemical tests revealed normal values for serum calcium and inorganic phosphate. However, the serum alkaline phosphatase was elevated. This may be an indication of a pathological condition where there are possible compensatory mechanisms to maintain normal levels of serum calcium and inorganic phosphate. One case which had undergone corrective surgical intervention of the lower limbs four years earlier, had continued to live in the same environment using drinking water with 10 ppmF after corrective surgery, and showed no improvement.
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ranking = 5
keywords = dental
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