Cases reported "Food Hypersensitivity"

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1/28. Anaphylactic reaction to young garlic.

    BACKGROUND: garlic is well known to cause contact dermatitis and asthma. However, it is a very rare cause of food allergy. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with previous history of allergy to pollen and dried fruit, and food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis for which no specific food could be identified as responsible, who experienced an anaphylactic reaction after eating young garlic. methods: skin prick tests and specific IgE immunoassay with several pollens and foods were performed, as well as the prick-prick test with young garlic and SDS-PAGE followed by immunoblotting IgE to young garlic and other liliaceae species, mustard, sesame, parsley, celery, hazelnut, almond, and pollen of birch and mugwort. RESULTS: skin prick tests and specific IgE were mainly positive for grass, plane tree, and mugwort pollen; peanut; hazelnut; walnut; almond; and mustard. Prick-prick tests with young garlic and garlic were positive. Total IgE was 113 U/ml. SDS-PAGE immunoblotting showed IgE-binding bands at 12 kDa to young garlic, garlic, onion, and leek extracts. Similar bands could also be detected with mugwort pollen and hazelnut extract. CONCLUSIONS: We describe IgE-mediated reaction to young garlic in a patient sensitized to pollen and dried fruit.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mustard
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2/28. A case of allergy to beer showing cross-reactivity between lipid transfer proteins.

    BACKGROUND: Lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) are highly conserved proteins present in a broad spectrum of fruits and vegetables that might represent a novel plant panallergen. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that LTP is an important allergen in beer and that beer LTP cross-reacts with LTP from botanically unrelated plant-derived foods. methods: Serum from a patient with clinical allergy to both beer and rosaceae was studied for IgE reactivity to LTP to several vegetable foods by RAST, ELISA, immunoblot, and inhibition studies. RESULTS: Patient's serum showed a strong IgE reactivity to LTP purified from peach peel, carrot, and broccoli, and to a 10 kD protein in both apple and peach immunoblots, whereas no reactivity to birch cross-reactive allergens such as Bet v 1, profilin, or carbohydrates was found. In inhibition studies, preabsorption of serum with apple, walnut, hazelnut, peanut, corn, and rice caused a fall of 97%, 20%, 66%, 91%, 94%, and 93%, respectively, of its reactivity to peach LTP. beer RAST fell from 1.8 IU/mL to <0.1 IU/mL when a patient's serum was preabsorbed with recombinant carrot LTP. CONCLUSIONS: LTP is a relevant allergen in beer. beer LTP may cross-react with LTP from several other plant-derived foods.
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ranking = 0.029284521049706
keywords = plant
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3/28. Oral allergy syndrome to fig.

    BACKGROUND: The few cases of food allergy to fig reported to date, whose main manifestations were anaphylactic reactions, have been related to a cross-sensitisation to weeping fig (ficus benjamina) or to the 'latex-fruit syndrome'. Here we report on two cases of the oral allergy syndrome (OAS) to fig in patients whose main allergic manifestations were related to sensitisation to grass and birch pollens. methods: The patients were characterised by clinical history, skin prick tests (SPT) with commercial and in-house extracts, prick-by-prick test, specific IgE measurements and challenge tests. PBS-soluble and insoluble extracts of both fig skin and pulp were examined for the presence of potential allergens by IgE immunoblotting. RESULTS: Both patients showed OAS followed by respiratory symptoms when challenged with fig. They were negative in both specific IgE detection and SPT with commercial extracts of fig and many other plant materials, including F. benjamina and hevea Brasiliensis, while grass and birch pollens gave positive results. Prick-by-prick tests and SPT with in-house extracts indicated that the fig skin had a much higher allergenicity than the pulp. Despite negative IgE detection by the CAP assay, immunoblotting experiments showed that potential fig allergens were PBS-soluble and present only in the skin of the fruit. CONCLUSIONS: OAS to fig followed by respiratory symptoms can be present in patients not sensitised to weeping fig or having the latex-fruit syndrome. Different parts of the fig can have different allergenicities, the most important allergens being proteins related to the skin of the fruit. Improved commercial fig extracts to be used for the diagnosis of this type of allergy have to be developed.
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ranking = 0.0097615070165688
keywords = plant
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4/28. Occupational dermatitis from Lactuca sativa (lettuce) and Cichorium (endive). Simultaneous occurrence of immediate and delayed allergy as a cause of contact dermatitis.

    Four patients with occupational contact dermatitis to Lactuca sativa had cross-sensitivity to Cichorium endivia. One of the patients also had contact urticaria to Lactuca and Cichorium, and another reacted positively to scratch tests with these plants as a sign of immediate allergy. In two cases such immediate allergy was considered the cause of a vesicular, intense itching eruption within a few minutes of contact with fresh leaves of Lactuca on previously eczematous skin. The severe chronic dermatitis of the hands of these patients is ascribed to combined delayed and immediate allergy.
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ranking = 0.0097615070165688
keywords = plant
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5/28. Mustard allergy. Two anaphylactic reactions to ingestion of mustard sauce.

    Two cases of anaphylactic reactions set off by the ingestion of a small amount of mustard sauce are described. Mediation by specific IgE to mustard was determined by skin prick tests and radioimmunoassay, which suggested a type I hypersensitivity mechanism. Despite the antigenic potency of mustard, a spice that is consumed frequently, very few cases of hypersensitivity from ingestion have been described.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = mustard
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6/28. Rice-induced enterocolitis in an infant: TH1/TH2 cellular hypersensitivity and absent IgE reactivity.

    BACKGROUND: Although food allergy is common in children, rice allergy is unusual in Western cultures. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of T-cell-mediated rice intolerance in an 11-month-old girl. methods: To evaluate the intolerance to rice in this patient, a graded rice food challenge was performed. To examine the immunologic reactivity to rice, in vitro lymphoproliferative responses and cytokine synthesis of rice-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) was performed. Subsequently, skin patch testing to rice and other foods was performed. RESULTS: Allergy skin prick test results were negative for rice and positive for egg, milk, and soy. Specific IgE antibodies to rice, egg, peanut, wheat, walnut, codfish, milk, soybean, corn, shrimp, scallops, and clams were undetectable. Results of a single-blind rice food challenge were positive, manifested by emesis that persisted for more than an hour and required intravenous hydration. in vitro lymphoproliferation by the patient's PBLs to rice stimulation was positive. In addition, cytokine synthesis of interferon-gamma, interleukin 10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor a, and IL-5 by the patient's rice-stimulated PBLs was elevated, indicating a TH1/TH2 cell response to rice. endoscopy revealed normal esophageal, gastric, and duodenal mucosa; a biopsy specimen revealed mild esophagitis. Duodenal explant T cells were initially established by stimulation with rice and IL-2. After a 2-day rest, the lymphocytes were restimulated with rice for 7 days and revealed increased interferon-gamma and IL-5 synthesis. Twenty billion colony forming units of lactobacillus GG were added to the patient's diet twice daily. After 6 weeks, rice rechallenge resulted in emesis within 1 hour. Results of patch testing were positive to rice, wheat, and barley but negative to soy, which the patient tolerated on food challenge. CONCLUSIONS: Although this patient did not demonstrate IgE antibody to rice, TH1/TH2 cell-mediated responses to rice were detected, and the patient experienced significant morbidity. Patch testing for gastrointestinal food allergies may be useful when the food specific IgE antibody is negative. Probiotic therapy in this patient did not ameliorate her sensitivity to rice, and food elimination remains the only reliable treatment for TH1/TH2-mediated food hypersensitivity.
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ranking = 0.0097615070165688
keywords = plant
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7/28. The development of food allergy after liver transplantation.

    The acquisition of new food allergy after orthotopic liver transplantation is now a well described phenomenon, mainly reported in children. The etiology of this phenomenon is at present unclear, but has been ascribed by some to tacrolimus treatment. Here we report a case of liver transplant acquired food allergy (LTAFA) in a child who received a split liver graft. The case is remarkable for the absence of new food allergy in the adult recipient of the same graft. This suggests that host-specific factors play an important role in the development of food allergy after liver transplantation, and emphasizes the predisposition that children have toward this phenomenon. Possible mechanisms underlying the development of food allergy after liver transplantation are discussed. In conclusion, tacrolimus treatment alone cannot account for LTAFA. Host factors such as the maturity of immune regulatory mechanisms are likely to play a critical role in the development of new food allergy after a liver transplant.
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ranking = 0.087853563149119
keywords = plant
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8/28. Phototoxic dermatitis due to chenopodium album in a mother and son.

    chenopodium album L. subs. album (chenopodiaceae) is an annual herb with fibrous roots. The plant grows worldwide and frequently in moist areas. Sometimes, the young parts of this plant can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. In this article, we report a mother and her adult son, in whom phototoxic reaction developed on the sun-exposed body areas after eating this plant of chenopodiaceae family because of rare presentation. We thought that this reaction was probably due to furocoumarins constituent within the plant.
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ranking = 0.039046028066275
keywords = plant
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9/28. anaphylaxis caused by cauliflower.

    BACKGROUND: Cauliflower is a vegetable belonging to the family Cruciferae, genus brassica, var. botrytis. methods: We report the case of a 70 year-old man who suffered an acute episode consisting of oropharyngeal itching, facial and hand swelling, dyspnea and severe bronchospasm within a few minutes after eating vegetable paella containing cauliflower, green beans, red and green pepper. Due to the severity of the reaction he needed treatment in the emergency room. RESULTS: skin prick tests with common aeroallergens were positive to cupressus, Platanus and grass pollen. A strong skin prick test response was obtained with cauliflower and peach lipid transfer protein. skin prick test with rice, green beans and pepper were negative. Specific IgE determinations were positive to cabbage and cauliflower, and negative to mustard. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical history and the results of the allergologic work-up point out to this patient having experienced an IgE-mediated anaphylactic reaction to cauliflower. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of anaphylaxis due to cauliflower.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = mustard
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10/28. Allergy to mammal's meat in adult life: immunologic and follow-up study.

    Allergy to bovine meat and Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is exceptional, especially in the adult life. BSA is considered a minor allergen in cow's milk allergy, but there is little information about this antigen in reactions produced by other beef products as meat. To our knowledge, evolutive studies of beef's allergic patients have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To present one patient with several allergic reactions (urticaria-angioedema) after eating different mammals' meat. methods: The patient underwent allergy testing through skin prick test (SPT), specific IgE detection and SDS-PAGE immunoblotting and Immunodot inhibition studies. Periodic determinations of specific IgE to meats and epithelia were performed. RESULTS: Routine studies for chronic urticaria were normal or negative. SPT showed positive responses to pork, cow, rabbit and lamb meat, and dog, pork, sheep and cow epithelia. It was negative to cat, horse, guinea pig, rabbit, lamb, mouse epithelia, mixture of feathers, cow milk, soybean, mustard, mites and chicken meat and anisakis simplex. Intradermal testing to BSA was positive. Determinations of specific IgE were positive to beef meat, lamb meat, pork meat and rabbit meat, dog, cat, cow, sheep and pork dander, cow's milk, and negative to chicken meat. Immunoblot and immunodot studies showed IgE recognition bands to bovine and lamb meat which were totally inhibited by BSA. A progressive reduction of the total and specific IgE, the latter until its total negativization, has been observed in the following three-year period. CONCLUSION: We report a case of IgE-mediated urticaria-angioedema due to BSA hypersensitivity, possibly induced by a subclinical sensitivity to dog and cat epithelium. The exclusion diet in patients allergic to these foods may be a progressive loss of clinical allergy.
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keywords = mustard
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