Cases reported "Foot Diseases"

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1/1025. Pedal manifestations of disseminated intravascular coagulation.

    disseminated intravascular coagulation is a complex hemostatic imbalance associated with many disease states. The potentially lethal systemic consequences of this disease mandate that the podiatric physician obtain a complete detailed history in addition to proceeding with appropriate consultations from other specialties. If haste is utilized and surgical intervention is undertaken without careful consideration, a potentially fatal situation may ensue. A comprehensive case report highlighting the pedal presentation and complications, and an overview of this disease process are presented. ( info)

2/1025. Recurrent mycetoma of the foot.

    mycetoma, also known as madura foot, is a local, chronic, slowly progressive disease with the classic presentation involving tumefaction, multiple draining sinuses, and grain-filled pus. It is primarily produced by either a bacteria (actinomycetoma) or a fungal (eumycetoma) organism. Determining the causative organism is fundamental to the treatment process. All types of mycetoma infections should be treated with early surgical debridement and tissue culture. Tissue should be sent for gross, microscopic, and histopathologic evaluation. In addition to surgical management, these patients should be managed adjunctively with a prolonged course of chemotherapy. patients with actinomycetoma are treated with an antibiotic and can expect to have a clinical cure with little chance for recurrence, whereas, patients with eumycetoma are treated with an antifungal agent and usually do poorly with a high rate of recurrence. The case presented involved an infection due to Actinomadura madurae (Nocardiaform madurae) and demonstrates successful treatment with surgical resection and prolonged doxycycline chemotherapy. ( info)

3/1025. Bone cyst of a fishy origin: from an old catfish spine puncture wound to the foot.

    A rare first metatarsal unicameral-type bone cyst with a deceptive radiographic appearance and size and an unusual pathological etiology was identified in a female patient. This eccentric cyst was observed only postoperatively by radiograph. review of the patient's history documented a foot injury from a catfish spine as the etiology of this chronically inflamed cyst. ( info)

4/1025. Acral dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with metastases.

    dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon cutaneous tumor that occurs rarely on the extremities. This tumor has a particular propensity for local recurrence following seemingly adequate excision. Metastases are rare, and usually follow repeated local recurrences. On rare occasions, fibrosarcomatous change may arise in a DFSP, and appears to affect adversely the prognosis. The adequacy of the initial resection is the most important prognostic factor; however, suggested margins vary between 1.5 and 5 cm. The ideal margin of resection on the foot is unknown. We report a patient with recurrent, acral DFSP with fibrosarcomatous change and pulmonary parenchymal metastases in a 48-year-old black male. ( info)

5/1025. Treatment of multiple glomangioma with tuneable dye laser.

    BACKGROUND: Multiple glomangiomas are a rare clinical occurrence. In the past, various treatments have been proposed for eradication of these tumours. OBJECTIVE: An alternative and effective therapy for multiple glomangioma is proposed. Results: The effective clinical response of multiple, painful, bluish-black lesions on the soles of the feet and the hands, diagnosed as multiple glomangioma, to flashlamp tuneable dye laser is reported. CONCLUSION: The flashlamp tuneable dye laser is an effective modality in the treatment of multiple glomangioma. ( info)

6/1025. Cutaneous angioleiomyoma.

    Leiomyomas are smooth-muscle tumors that may be encountered in the practice of podiatric medicine when they affect the arrector pili muscles or the smooth muscle of a vessel wall. In the present case, the lesion was located on the heel, an area with no hair growth; this further supports the diagnosis, as the most likely origin of the lesion was the smooth muscle of a blood vessel. Vascular leiomyomas show a greater predilection for the lower extremities than their superficial counterparts. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for these benign lesions, whose prognosis is excellent. When a patient presents with a painful mass in the lower extremity, the diagnosis of leiomyoma should be considered. ( info)

7/1025. Allergic contact dermatitis to a salicyclic acid plaster.

    We report two patients who developed allergic eczematous contact dermatitis to a salacid plaster used to treat plantar warts. Both patients were subsequently shown to be allergic to dehydroabietic acid, a resin contained in the plaster. ( info)

8/1025. Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    A case report of a young girl with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome is presented. The patient showed cutaneous and skeletal findings characteristic of the syndrome. Multiple basal cell carcinomas, rib abnormalities, along with clinical evidence of frontal bossing and ocular hypertelorism were the primary features of the syndrome in this patient. It is suggested that other characteristics of the syndrome, such as jaw cysts, palmar and plantar pitting and calcification of the falx cerebri will develop as the patient grows older. Careful observation, particularly for medulloblastoma and malignant degeneration and invasiveness of basal cell carcinomas, will be an integral part of this young patient's care. ( info)

9/1025. chondrosarcoma of the foot: imaging, surgical and pathological correlation of three new cases.

    The foot is an uncommon location for chondrosarcoma. The presentation, diagnosis, pathological findings, surgical treatment and follow-up of three patients with chondrosarcoma in this rare location are presented. Though nonspecific, MR imaging findings were of aid in the diagnosis and treatment planning of these patients. If the diagnosis of this tumor is rapidly made, a tumor excision instead of limb amputation may be sufficient treatment at surgery. ( info)

10/1025. Sinus tarsi pain: case history.

    An attempt was made to give the podiatrist some insight into the differential diagnosis of sinus tarsi pain. One possible etiology is discussed in detail along with case presentation and treatment. ( info)
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