Cases reported "Foramen Ovale, Patent"

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1/20. Case report: portal vein thrombosis associated with hereditary protein c deficiency: a report of two cases.

    protein c deficiency is one of the causes of curable or preventable portal vein thrombosis. We report two patients of portal vein thrombosis associated with hereditary protein c deficiency. The first patient presented with continuous right upper quadrant pain and high fever. The abdominal sonography revealed normal liver parenchyma but portal vein and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Based on a 55% (normal 70-140%) plasma protein C level, he was diagnosed as having protein c deficiency. A trace of his family history showed that his elder brother also had protein c deficiency with a 50% plasma C level. Both patients received anticoagulant therapy. The younger brother showed good response. Unfortunately, the elder one suffered from recurrent episodes of variceal bleeding and received a life-saving splenectomy and devascularization. We herein remind clinicians that early screening and therapy are helpful in preventing late complications of protein c deficiency with portal vein thrombosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis
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2/20. Acute abdomen during adjuvant chemotherapy: superior mesenteric artery thrombosis associated with CMF chemotherapy.

    We report a case of superior mesenteric artery thrombosis in a 57-year-old woman undergoing chemotherapy for T1N1M0, breast cancer. Although cancer itself is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events, treatment with chemotherapy and/or tamoxifen in breast cancer patients increases this risk. Most cases reported are of venous thromboembolism; arterial events are rare.
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ranking = 0.56646016245675
keywords = thrombosis
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3/20. Antiphospholipid antibodies and splenic thrombosis in a patient with idiopathic myelofibrosis (antiphospholipid antibodies and thrombosis).

    A case of idiopathic myelofibrosis and hepatosplenic myeloid metaplasia associated with antiphospholipids antibodies is described. The patient developed a lethal complete splenic vein thrombosis in spite of an intravenously heparin treatment had been started soon after a clinical pattern of "acute abdomen".
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ranking = 1.0313362599308
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis
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4/20. infarction of an accessory spleen presenting as acute abdomen in a neonate.

    An accessory spleen is a relatively common condition, but the torsion thereof is extremely rare, with only nine pediatric cases reported in the literature. This paper describes a case of an accessory spleen that was found to be necrotic during an emergency laparotomy in a 14-day-old female infant with signs of acute abdomen. To our knowledge, this is the youngest reported patient. The etiology of the necrosis was thrombosis of its trophic vessels, secondary to its pedicle torsion. The literature is also reviewed.
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ranking = 0.11329203249135
keywords = thrombosis
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5/20. A rare case of splenic infarct presenting with acute abdominal pain due to polyarteritis nodosa: case report and review of the literature.

    A 44 year-old man presented to the Emergency Department of American Hospital with severe pain persisting in the left upper quadrant for several hours. A computed tomographic scanning (CT scan) and celiac digital substraction angiography (DSA) of the abdomen demonstrated a splenic infarct. Histopathological examinations showed diffuse acute vasculitis, thrombosis, panvasculitis which led us to diagnose the case as "polyarteritis nodosa". The diagnosis is usually difficult to establish and it is usually delayed due to variable clinical manifestations dependent on the site and the extent of arterial involvement.
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ranking = 0.11329203249135
keywords = thrombosis
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6/20. A case of group B streptococcal pyomyositis.

    The group B streptococcus is an opportunistic pathogen that causes a variety of serious infections including bacteremias, puerperal sepsis, and neonatal meningitis. Group B streptococcal infections of muscle are rare. We report here an unusual case of group B streptococcal pyomyositis. pyomyositis arises predominantly from infections caused by staphylococcus aureus and, occasionally, streptococcus pyogenes. Because of the rarity of pyomyositis in temperate climates, the common lack of localizing signs or symptoms, and the frequently negative blood cultures, considerable delay often precedes the diagnosis of pyomyositis; in fact, the infection has been initially misdiagnosed as muscle hematoma, cellulitis, thrombophlebitis, osteomyelitis, or neoplasm. diagnosis may be greatly aided by radiologic techniques that can demonstrate the sites of muscle enlargement and the presence of fluid collections. The response to antibiotics is usually rapid, but resolution of the infection may require aspiration of deeply situated muscle abscesses. This report describes a diabetic patient with an unusual presentation of pyomyositis that mimicked an acute abdomen.
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ranking = 0.00081773041196979
keywords = deep
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7/20. emergency treatment of the complications of giant liver hemangiomas.

    The authors discuss the problems of emergency treatment of cavernous hemangiomas of the liver. Five cases were observed and treated with different techniques, ligation of the hepatic artery, excision of the mass, embolization of the hepatic artery. The results of these procedures were strongly influenced by the patient's previous state. Treatment was successful in three patients, while the procedure adopted was able to stop the hemorrage in the other two patients. The physical state was very important for the prognosis; the two patients arriving at our Institute in deep shock both died.
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ranking = 0.00081773041196979
keywords = deep
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8/20. Case report: ultrasonographic demonstration of portal vein thrombosis in the acute abdomen.

    ultrasonography demonstrated thrombus within the portal venous system in a child who presented with abdominal pain and a fever. This helped lead to a diagnosis of appendicitis complicated by ascending septic thrombophlebitis. Ultrasound of the portal vein may be of value when investigating such children with atyptical abdominal pain.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis
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9/20. Acute diabetic abdomen in childhood.

    Three children presented as acute surgical emergencies due to undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. Where diabetic ketoacidosis mimicks the acute abdomen three clinical features are important in reaching the right diagnosis-namely, a history of polydipsia, polyuria, and anorexia preceding the abdominal pain, the deep sighing and rapid respirations, and severe dehydration.
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ranking = 0.00081773041196979
keywords = deep
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10/20. Partial splenoportal and superior mesenteric venous thrombosis. Early sonographic diagnosis and successful conservative management.

    A 61-yr-old woman presented with acute severe pain in the upper abdomen. Within a few hours after admission, diagnosis of partial splenoportal and superior mesenteric venous thrombosis was made by ultrasonography. This thrombosis appeared to be the first sign of a previously unsuspected essential thrombocythemia. Early sonographic diagnosis made possible the prompt institution of conservative treatment. Total thrombosis of the splenoportal system could be prevented. Major surgery was avoided and the outcome was uneventful.
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ranking = 1.024382246036
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis
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